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Type Paper
Cite as Citation reference for the source document. Prannay R. Malu, Utkarsh S. Sharma, Joshua M. Pearce. Agrivoltaic potential on grape farms in India. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments 23, pp. 104-110, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2017.08.004 open access

Aggressive growth of land-based solar photovoltaic (PV) farms can create a land use conflict with agricultural production. Fortunately, this issue can be resolved using the concept of agrivoltaics, which is co-development of land area for both solar PV and agriculture. To investigate and quantify PV generation potential, without significantly harming agriculture output, this study explores the viability of agrivoltaic farms deployment on existing grape farms in India. Considering the shade tolerance of grapes, an techno-economicanalysis is run for the installation of PV systems in the area available between the trellises on a grape farm. The electrical energy generation potential is determined per unit area and economic benefits for the cultivators is quantified over a number of design options. The results show the economic value of the grape farms deploying the proposed agrivoltaic systems may increase more than 15 times as compared to conventional farming, while maintaining approximately the same grape production. If this dual use of land is implemented nationwide, it can make a significant impact by generating over 16,000 GWh electricity, which has the potential of meeting the energy demands of more than 15 million people. In addition, grape-based agrivoltaics can be implemented in rural areas to enable village electrification.

Highlights[edit | edit source]

  • Agrivoltaic potential of grape farms in India has been assessed.
  • Grape farms can be utilized to mount solar photovoltaic systems.
  • Agrivoltaic systems increase >15 times income, same grape production.
  • India has >16,000 GWh electricity potential.
  • 15 million people electrically served by grape-based agrivoltaic systems.

Method[edit | edit source]

Example Commercial[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Services provided by agrivoltaics are: renewable electricity generation, decreased green-house gas emissions, reduced climate change, increased crop yield, plant protection from excess solar energy, plant protection from inclement weather such as hail, water conservation, agricultural employment, local food, improved health from pollution reduction increased revenue for farmers, a hedge against inflation, the potential to produce nitrogen fertilizer on farm, on farm production of renewable fuels such as anhydrous ammonia or hydrogen, and electricity for EV charging for on- or off-farm use.
Agrivoltaics Canada - What is Agrivoltaics

In the News[edit source]

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Keywords most completed projects and publications, agrivoltaic, agriculture, photovoltaic, farming, joint production, solar farm, economics, land use, food-energy-water nexus, energy
SDG SDG07 Affordable and clean energy
Authors Prannay R. Malu, Utkarsh S. Sharma, Joshua M. Pearce
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 36 pages link here
Impact 856 page views
Created September 19, 2017 by Joshua M. Pearce
Modified October 23, 2023 by Maintenance script
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