Dehydration caused by diarrhoea is one of the biggest single killers of children in the modern world and diarrhoea itself is one of the major causes of nutritional loss and poor growth.[1]

Summary[edit | edit source]

To prevent too much liquid being lost from the child's body, an effective oral rehydration solution can be made using ingredients found in almost every household.[2]

Oral rehydration therapy is used to treat dehydration caused by diarrhoea. This is important as it is the most dangerous aspect of the illness. Oral rehydration therapy keeps people alive through serious diarrhea, until the infection passes.

However standard ORT does not reduce stool output or length of illness. Research has been carried out on methods to reduce stool formation. This would be valuable as it means less fluids are lost in the first place and the exhausting effects of the illnesses may decrease,[verification needed] and it could reduce the tendency for parents to withhold ORT from a child to stop them defecating as much:[3]

Developers[edit | edit source]

  • The Rehydration Project
  • M. Kassaye, C. Larson and D. Carlson Department of Community Health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

Notes[edit | edit source]

  3. It is better to drink ORS and expel most of it again, rather than not to drink it. However the carer may not be aware of this, or they may want to avoid the trouble and expense of changing nappies or clothing - especially an issue if exhausted from caring for the child and/or unable to afford disposable nappies.

Recipes/composition[edit | edit source]

The simplest version is 8 level teaspoons sugar and 1 level teaspoon salt in a liter of clean drinking water.

Half cup of orange juice or half of a mashed banana may be added.

See also[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

References and more information[edit | edit source]

FA info icon.svg Angle down icon.svg Page data
Keywords water, medical care
SDG SDG03 Good health and well-being
Authors Chris Watkins, Steve McCrosky
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 19 pages link here
Aliases ORT, ORS, Oral rehydration therapy solution, Oral rehydration solution
Impact 823 page views
Created June 12, 2007 by Steve McCrosky
Modified May 26, 2024 by Kathy Nativi
Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.