New Dawn composting toilet at a demonstration center in Costa Rica, helping treat human waste and provide fertilizer with a reduced bacteria count.

This composting toilet is in use at New Dawn Herbalism School and Farm in Costa Rica.

Priorities for design and construction[edit | edit source]

  • Low cost
  • Reduce or eliminate underground water contamination
  • Prevent pathogen parasitic infections through manipulation of humanure
  • Include bamboo as a renewable resource in the construction

Construction Procedure[edit | edit source]

  • A hole was excavated in the earth at the toilet site 1m wide and 1m deep
  • A 1mx1m culvert pipe made from concrete was lowered into the hole
  • A cement floor was added to the bottom of the culvert pipe to prevent fecal matter from leaking into the soil, and potentially contaminating the underground water table.
  • A top for the toilet was constructed using a wooden form poured with fine sand and cement. 1/4inch rebar was used to strengthen the 2 inch thick slab.
  • The top of a plastic 5 gallon water bottle was used as the urine trap and was attached to the bottom of the top for the toilet. The trap was connected to a flexible plastic tube which exits through a hole in the concrete culvert pipe into a small drain field.
  • A wood trap door was construct as the removable top for using the toilet.
  • The design of the compost toilet was based on the Japanese style toilet, therefore, no toilet seat was required.
  • A 4 inch PVC pipe was attached to the top of the compost toilet as an air vent. A screen was used to cover the end of the pipe to prevent insects from invading the toilet.
  • A 5 gallon bucket with sawdust is placed in the area so that each time the toilet is used a cover of saw dust can be applied to the fresh material.
  • Another smaller bucket is included with water to flush the urine trap with a cup of water after each use to cut down the odor.

Results[edit | edit source]

  • The compost toilet is odor and insect free
  • The toilet uses minimum water and does not contaminate the environment

Plans for the future[edit | edit source]

A second annex will be constructed to the present compost toilet when it fills up with humanure. The second annex will then serve as the in service toilet, while the first toilet will be topped with an air tight lid and allowed to decompose for a year or more until the second annex toilet is filled. At this point, the first toilet will be cleaned out with a long handled shovel and the humanure will be applied to trees on the farm. The toilet will then be put into service again, and the second toilet will be topped and left to decompose. In this manner the humanure is manipulated only once after more than a year's time to insure potential pathogen microorganisms are eliminated through biological decomposition.

Approximate cost of this project[edit | edit source]

(in Costa Rica)

  • 2 1m culvert pipes - $70
  • Cement - $10
  • Free materials- stones, bamboo, recycled zinc roofing and wood

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Contact[edit | edit source]

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Contact details
  • Email:

See also[edit | edit source]

Discussion[View | Edit]

Thank you for the straightened picture. I am sending an email to Ed of New Dawn center requesting a drawing of the system. I will either connect him to this page or pass it along. April 24, 2011

I sent you by mail a picture of the project so its not crooked. (Fixed with Picasa, they have a "fix crooked pictures".

I would be happy to make an SVG schematic of what you did, if someone could give me a quick sketch even here.

Something like this

----v    v-H----
    v    v H 
   v       v 
   v       v 

Did I get this correctly?

Or could you send me via email or up here a scanned image of a pencil drawing? Pashute 14:46, 30 March 2011 (PDT)

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