Advances in plasmonic light trapping in thin-film solar photovoltaic devices

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Advances in plasmonic light trapping in thin-film solar photovoltaic devices
Description Plasmonic light trapping technology increases the ability and effectiveness of a thin film solar cell to absorp more light and light from a larger spectrum. Article includes links to more detailed websites on this topic and also links to other appropedia sites that have to do with solar technology.
Intended use Plasmonic light trapping in thin film solar technology, solar energy, renewable energy
Keywords solar energy, renewable energy, thin film, solar cells, solar technology, plasmonic light trapping, spectrum, absorption, nanotechnology
Appropedia user User:J.M.Pearce
Date of publication 2013-09-15
Countries of design United States
Main materials Nanomaterials
SDG Sustainable Development Goal 7, Sustainable Development Goal 9, Sustainable Development Goal 13
Documentation data
Language English
Manifest data
Language English
Updated 2020-07-05
Author Megan Moore
Author affiliation Appropedia
Author email

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J. Gwamuri, D. Ö. Güney and J. M. Pearce, "Advances in Plasmonic Light Trapping in Thin-Film Solar Photovoltaic Devices", in Solar Cell Nanotechnology, Atul Tiwari (Editor), Rabah Boukherroub (Editor), Maheshwar Sharon (Editor), Wiley, ISBN: 978-1-118-68625-6 Preorder


This chapter reviews the recent promising advances in the use of plasmonic nanostructures forming metamaterials to improve absorption of light in thin-film solar photovoltaic (PV) devices. Sophisticated light management in thin-film PV has become increasingly important to ensure absorption of the entire solar spectrum while reducing semiconductor absorber layer thicknesses, which reduces deposition time, material use, embodied energy and greenhouse gas emissions, and economic costs. Metal nanostructures have a strong interaction with light, which enables unprecedented control over the propagation and the trapping of light in the absorber layer of thin-film PV. The literature is reviewed for both theoretical and experimental work on multiple nanoscale geometries of plasmonic absorbers and PV materials. Finally, the use of nanostructures to improve light trapping in PV is outlined to guide development in the future.

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