High demand for photovoltaic (PV), battery, and small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) technologies are driving a virtuous cycle of technological improvements and cost reductions in off-grid electric systems that increasingly compete with the grid market. Using a case study in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, this paper quantifies the economic viability of off-grid PV+battery+CHP adoption and evaluates potential implications for grid-based utility models. The analysis shows that already some households could save money by switching to a solar hybrid off-grid system in comparison to the effective electric rates they are currently paying. Across the region by 2020, 92% of seasonal households and ~75% of year-round households are projected to meet electricity demands with lower costs. Furthermore, ~65% of all Upper Peninsula single-family owner-occupied households will both meet grid parity and be able to afford the systems by 2020. The results imply that economic circumstances could spur a positive feedback loop whereby grid electricity prices continue to rise and increasing numbers of customers choose alternatives (sometimes referred to as a "utility death spiral"), particularly in areas with relatively high electric utility rates. Utility companies and policy makers must take the potential for grid defection seriously when evaluating energy supply strategies.

Summary: J. Pearce. Consumers Can Profit from Leaving the Grid. Huffington Post Green 5.31.2016.

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Would You Live Off the Grid? - TV6 & FOX UP

Discussion[View | Edit]

I highly recommend simplifying some of the titles that are housed under categories of solar power and off-the-grid living. Without simple titles, no one can link to them. This one could probably be referenced under "solar power", sub-article "Michigan". Pangaia (talk) 21:38, 2 January 2020 (UTC)

This is a very specific title for a very specific reason. There are other general solar power pages you can link to, e.g. photovoltaics. --Lonny (talk) 22:23, 4 January 2020 (UTC)
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