We continue to develop resources related to the COVID-19 pandemic. See COVID-19 initiatives on Appropedia for more information.

Difference between revisions of "Green Fab Lab Applications of Large-Area Waste Polymer-based Additive Manufacturing"

From Appropedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m
 
Line 16: Line 16:
  
 
==Abstract==
 
==Abstract==
[[image:Gigarecycle.png|right|425px]]  Fab labs, which offer small-scale distributed digital fabrication, are forming a Green Fab Lab Network, which embraces concepts of an open source symbiotic economy and circular economy patterns. With the use of industrial 3D printers capable of fused particle fabrication/ fused granular fabrication (FPF/FGF) printing directly from waste plastic streams, green fab labs could act as defacto recycling centers for converting waste plastics into valuable products for their communities. Clear financial drivers for this process have not been studied in the past. Thus, in this study the Gigabot X, an open source industrial 3D printer, which has been shown to be amenable to a wide array of recyclables for FPF/FGF 3D printing, is used to evaluate this economic potential. An economic life cycle analysis of the technology is completed comprised of three cases studies using FPF for large sporting equipment products. Sensitivities are run on the electricity costs for operation, materials costs from various feed stocks and the capacity factors of the 3D printers. The results showed that FPF/FGF 3D printing is capable of energy efficient production of a wide range of large high-value sporting goods products. In all cases, a substantial economic savings was observed when comparing the materials and energy related costs to commercial goods (even for customized goods). Using locally-sourced shredded plastic represented not only the best environmental option, but also the most economic. For the case study products analyzed even the lowest capacity factor (starting only one print per week) represented a profit when comparing to high-end value products. For some products the profit potential and return on investment was substantial (e.g. over 1000%) for high capacity use of a Gigabot X. The results clearly show that open source industrial FPF/FGF 3D printers have significant economic potential when used as a distributed recycling/manufacturing system using recyclable feed stocks in the green fab lab context.
+
[[image:Kayak3dp.jpg|right|425px]]  Fab labs, which offer small-scale distributed digital fabrication, are forming a Green Fab Lab Network, which embraces concepts of an open source symbiotic economy and circular economy patterns. With the use of industrial 3D printers capable of fused particle fabrication/ fused granular fabrication (FPF/FGF) printing directly from waste plastic streams, green fab labs could act as defacto recycling centers for converting waste plastics into valuable products for their communities. Clear financial drivers for this process have not been studied in the past. Thus, in this study the Gigabot X, an open source industrial 3D printer, which has been shown to be amenable to a wide array of recyclables for FPF/FGF 3D printing, is used to evaluate this economic potential. An economic life cycle analysis of the technology is completed comprised of three cases studies using FPF for large sporting equipment products. Sensitivities are run on the electricity costs for operation, materials costs from various feed stocks and the capacity factors of the 3D printers. The results showed that FPF/FGF 3D printing is capable of energy efficient production of a wide range of large high-value sporting goods products. In all cases, a substantial economic savings was observed when comparing the materials and energy related costs to commercial goods (even for customized goods). Using locally-sourced shredded plastic represented not only the best environmental option, but also the most economic. For the case study products analyzed even the lowest capacity factor (starting only one print per week) represented a profit when comparing to high-end value products. For some products the profit potential and return on investment was substantial (e.g. over 1000%) for high capacity use of a Gigabot X. The results clearly show that open source industrial FPF/FGF 3D printers have significant economic potential when used as a distributed recycling/manufacturing system using recyclable feed stocks in the green fab lab context.
  
 
==Keywords==
 
==Keywords==

Latest revision as of 13:43, 17 June 2020


Sunhusky.png By Michigan Tech's Open Sustainability Technology Lab.

Wanted: Students to make a distributed future with solar-powered open-source 3-D printing.
Currently looking for PhD or MSC student interested in solar energy policy- apply now!
Contact Dr. Joshua Pearce - Apply here

MOST: Projects & Publications, Methods, Lit. reviews, People, Sponsors, News
Updates: Twitter, Instagram, YouTube

OSL.jpg


Pearce Publications: Energy Conservation Energy Policy Industrial SymbiosisLife Cycle Analysis Materials Science Open Source Photovoltaic Systems Solar CellsSustainable Development Sustainability Education


Money and Tech Viability of Gigabot X for FabLabs and Small Biz

Source[edit]

Abstract[edit]

Kayak3dp.jpg

Fab labs, which offer small-scale distributed digital fabrication, are forming a Green Fab Lab Network, which embraces concepts of an open source symbiotic economy and circular economy patterns. With the use of industrial 3D printers capable of fused particle fabrication/ fused granular fabrication (FPF/FGF) printing directly from waste plastic streams, green fab labs could act as defacto recycling centers for converting waste plastics into valuable products for their communities. Clear financial drivers for this process have not been studied in the past. Thus, in this study the Gigabot X, an open source industrial 3D printer, which has been shown to be amenable to a wide array of recyclables for FPF/FGF 3D printing, is used to evaluate this economic potential. An economic life cycle analysis of the technology is completed comprised of three cases studies using FPF for large sporting equipment products. Sensitivities are run on the electricity costs for operation, materials costs from various feed stocks and the capacity factors of the 3D printers. The results showed that FPF/FGF 3D printing is capable of energy efficient production of a wide range of large high-value sporting goods products. In all cases, a substantial economic savings was observed when comparing the materials and energy related costs to commercial goods (even for customized goods). Using locally-sourced shredded plastic represented not only the best environmental option, but also the most economic. For the case study products analyzed even the lowest capacity factor (starting only one print per week) represented a profit when comparing to high-end value products. For some products the profit potential and return on investment was substantial (e.g. over 1000%) for high capacity use of a Gigabot X. The results clearly show that open source industrial FPF/FGF 3D printers have significant economic potential when used as a distributed recycling/manufacturing system using recyclable feed stocks in the green fab lab context.

Keywords[edit]

Circular economy; Distributed recycling; Energy conservation; Polymer recycling; Sustainable development; distributed manufacturing; life cycle analysis; recycling; recyclebot; 3-D printing; Open source hardware; Open hardware;  RepRap; Recycling; Polymers; Plastic; Recyclebot; Waste plastic; Composites; Polymer composites; Extruder; Upcycle;  Materials science;additive manufacturing; distributed manufacturing; open-source; waste plastic; extruder; upcycle

See Also[edit]

RepRapable Recyclebot and the Wild West of Recycling

Recycling Technology[edit]

Distributed Recycling LCA[edit]

Literature Reviews[edit]

Gigarecycle.png

Externals[edit]


  • Cruz, F., Lanza, S., Boudaoud, H., Hoppe, S., & Camargo, M. Polymer Recycling and Additive Manufacturing in an Open Source context: Optimization of processes and methods. [2]
  • Investigating Material Degradation through the Recycling of PLA in Additively Manufactured Parts [3]
  • Mohammed, M.I., Das, A., Gomez-Kervin, E., Wilson, D. and Gibson, I., EcoPrinting: Investigating the use of 100% recycled Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) for Additive Manufacturing. [4]
  • Kariz, M., Sernek, M., Obućina, M. and Kuzman, M.K., 2017. Effect of wood content in FDM filament on properties of 3D printed parts. Materials Today Communications. [5]
  • Kaynak, B., Spoerk, M., Shirole, A., Ziegler, W. and Sapkota, J., 2018. Polypropylene/Cellulose Composites for Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, p.1800037. [6]
  • O. Martikka et al., "Mechanical Properties of 3D-Printed Wood-Plastic Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 777, pp. 499-507, 2018 [7]
  • Yang, T.C., 2018. Effect of Extrusion Temperature on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Unidirectional Wood Fiber-Reinforced Polylactic Acid Composite (WFRPC) Components Using Fused Deposition Modeling. Polymers, 10(9), p.976. [8]

News[edit]

Gigabotxonfox.png
  1. Industrial 3D Printing Goes Skateboarding MTU News 14k
    1. Science Daily 2.9k
    2. Eureka Alert 16.4k
    3. TechXplore 76.3k
    4. Nanowerk 78.7k
    5. ECN Magazine 92.6k
    6. Labroots 110k
    7. Newswise 131k
    8. Zwoops 132k
    9. Space Daily 161k
    10. Bioengineer
    11. 3D Printing Progress
    12. Science Technology and Research News
    13. E Peak
    14. I Connect 007
    15. Live Science
  2. 再生塑料经3D技术加持变身运动用品 Finance East Money (China) 1056
    1. Info.21CP 45k
  3. Green Fab Lab: Using the Fab Lab To 3D Print New Things From Recycled Plastics 3DPrint 44k
  4. Michigan Tech scientists write recommendations for greener 3D printing 3D Printing Industry 71.9k
  5. Funding Makerspaces With 3D Printing? Fabaloo 114k
  6. 3D Printer Turns Recycled Plastic into Sporting Goods Design News 142k
    1. Flipboard 4.2k
    2. Quartz Share 2.8k
  7. Case Study: 3D Printer Using Fused Granular Fabrication – Cheap & Economic Efficiency 3D Printing 143k
  8. "Gigabot X" 3-D printer helps find new uses for recycled plastic Tv6 Fox UP 146k
  9. Engineers 3D Print Skateboard Using Waste Plastic - Industrial Equipment News 224k
  10. Gigabot X Prints from Waste Plastics Digital Engineering 246k
  11. 种经济环保的新型3D打印机 Materials and Testing (China) 254k
  12. Researchers Utilize Fab Lab To 3D Print Using Recycled Plastic - Manufacturing Talk Radio
  13. Tech: Industrial 3D printing goes skateboarding — (Report) Tunisiesoir
  14. Industrial 3D printing could soon be used for outdoor sporting goods The Edge
  15. How 3D Printing is Making its Way Into Outdoor Sporting Goods EE Design IT
  16. DSM and CEAD to develop new materials and applications for pelletized 3D printing 3DPrinting Industry 73k
  17. Industrial 3D printer prints directly from recycled shredded waste Design Fax
  18. China’s ban on plastics and its effect on the U.S. economy - American Recycler