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Type Paper
Cite as Citation reference for the source document. Hayibo, K.S.; Mayville, P.; Kailey, R.K.; Pearce, J.M. Water Conservation Potential of Self-Funded Foam-Based Flexible Surface-Mounted Floatovoltaics. Energies 2020, 13, 6285. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236285 open access

A potential solution to the coupled water–energy–food challenges in land use is the concept of floating photovoltaics or floatovoltaics (FPV). In this study, a new approach to FPV is investigated using a flexible crystalline silicon-based photovoltaic (PV) module backed with foam, which is less expensive than conventional pontoon-based FPV. This novel form of FPV is tested experimentally for operating temperature and performance and is analyzed for water-savings using an evaporation calculation adapted from the Penman–Monteith model. The results show that the foam-backed FPV had a lower operating temperature than conventional pontoon-based FPV, and thus a 3.5% higher energy output per unit power. Therefore, foam-based FPV provides a potentially profitable means of reducing water evaporation in the world's at-risk bodies of fresh water. The case study of Lake Mead found that if 10% of the lake was covered with foam-backed FPV, there would be enough water conserved and electricity generated to service Las Vegas and Reno combined. At 50% coverage, the foam-backed FPV would provide over 127 TWh of clean solar electricity and 633.22 million m3 of water savings, which would provide enough electricity to retire 11% of the polluting coal-fired plants in the U.S. and provide water for over five million Americans, annually.

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Graphical Abstract[edit | edit source]

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Keywords[edit | edit source]

Floating photovoltaic; FPV; Flexible; Closed-cell foams; Sustainable development; Open-source; Photovoltaic; Racking; water; floatovoltaic; energy water nexus; dual use; water conservation; FPV; solar energy

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FA info icon.svgAngle down icon.svgPage data
Authors Koami Soulemane Hayibo, Joshua M. Pearce
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 11 pages link here
Impact 412 page views
Created November 28, 2020 by Joshua M. Pearce
Modified July 14, 2023 by StandardWikitext bot
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