Portal:Food and agriculture

From Appropedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
edit  watch  

The Food and agriculture Portal

Man working in a rice field.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, and/or stimulate growth. Historically, people secured food through two methods: hunting and gathering, and agriculture.

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. In the developed world, industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture (e.g. permaculture or organic agriculture).

Sustainable agriculture is the practice of farming using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. It has been defined as "an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will last over the long term: satisfy human food and fiber needs; make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls; sustain the economic viability of farm operations; and enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.”

Related portal: Permaculture
edit  watch  

Selected page

CSA participants in New Hampshire
Community Supported Agriculture consists of a community of individuals who pledge support to a farm operation so that the farmland becomes, either legally or spiritually, the community's farm, with the growers and consumers providing mutual support and sharing the risks and benefits of food production. Typically, members or "share-holders" of the farm or garden pledge in advance to cover the anticipated costs of the farm operation and farmer's salary. In return, they receive shares in the farm's bounty throughout the growing season, as well as satisfaction gained from reconnecting to the land and participating directly in food production. Members also share in the risks of farming, including poor harvests due to unfavorable weather or pests. By direct sales to community members, who have provided the farmer with working capital in advance, growers receive better prices for their crops, gain some financial security, and are relieved of much of the burden of marketing.

It is a form of local support for agriculture. Subscribers pre-pay a farmer to grow the desired produce. Sometimes the farmer will select what is to be grown, sometimes the buyer selects what they want to buy, more often it is a cooperative arrangement between the two parties.

For farmers, CSA offers a fair, steady source of income and a chance to talk directly with their customers. Many CSA farmers encourage members and their families to get involved, to work alongside "their" farmer to learn more about the food is grown. This develops understanding of the challenges facing family farmers in the community and helps create real partners in the local food system.

A scary earthen oven that uses three layers to maximize efficiency, and all three types of heat to maximize the flavor.
A scary earthen oven that uses three layers to maximize efficiency, and all three types of heat to maximize the flavor. Read more or check our book
edit  watch  

Things you can do

edit  watch  

Selected topics (Book)

Project articles: Aleiha's parabolic solar cooker · Blue ox earthen oven · CCAT's Vermicomposting Bin · FBP Nutsy · Corn Cob Charcoal Crusher · Kiva's straw bale greenhouse · Parabolic basket and tin can solar cooker · WaterPod Rocket Stove · Wild Chick Farm

Other articles: Butter · Canning salt · Cheese · Cheese making · Chicken Cleaning and Preparation · Cider · Community Supported Agriculture · Cream · Dairy · Dandelion wine · Desert Reclamation the Easy Way · Edible Leaves · Egg dishes · Eggs · Evaporated milk · Flax · Food · Food Preservation · Food miles · GMO · Ghee · Goats · Gumbo · Halite · Honey · Insects · J Point Donations · Jelly Making · Kefir · Kim chee · Kosher salt · Lard · Mead · Meat and food processing · Milk · Mormon Basic Four · Oils · Prague powder 1 · Prague powder 2 · Preserving Tomatoes · Rabbits · Ricotta · Rock salt · Salt · Salt substitutes · Saltpeter · Sauerkraut · Sea salt · Small Scale Vegetable Oil Extraction · Solar Drying in Morocco · Solar and Energy Conserving Food Technologies · Suet · Sweetened condensed milk · Table salt · Taffy Pull · Tallow · Tilapia Recipes · Traditional Cheesemaking · Uses for large quantities of eggs · Vegetables · Vinegar · Whey · Yeasts for Baking

Appropriate technology · Built environment · Business · Construction and materials · Culture and community · Design · Energy · Energy storage · Engineering for Sustainable Development · Food and agriculture · Government supported development programs · Governments and sustainability · Green living · Greywater · Health and safety · Heat exchangers · Hybrid power systems · ICT and Education · Information technology · Learning · Medical Devices · Net Impact · Permaculture · Photovoltaics · Projects · Rainwater harvesting · Renewable energy · Service learning · Solar · Solar thermal · Sustainability · Sustainable business · Sustainable city living · Sustainable energy storage · Sustainable farm energy alternatives · Transport · Water Agricultural