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Abstract

Patents can be granted for unoriginal inventions if prior art outside of the patent literature is missed such as free and open source software and hardware. The Open Source Hardware Association created a certification database that could be used for prior art, but it misses inventions that are not commercialized. To capture these technologies, this study describes a novel tool that is a semi-automated way of applying for certification from MediaWiki websites. A case study using Appropedia, found that transfer of information needed to obtain OSHWA certification could be completed on average in 62.5% less than direct form filling.

Highlights[edit | edit source]

  • Patents granted for unoriginal inventions if prior art outside of the patent literature missed.
  • Misses most of free and open source software and hardware - number in millions.
  • Open Source Hardware Association created a certification database - centralized prior art.
  • Novel tool has a semi-automated way of certification from MediaWiki websites.
  • OSHWA certification completed on average in 62.5% less than direct form filling.

Keywords[edit | edit source]

Intellectual property; Prior art; Open hardware; Automation; Certification; data management; knowledge; data management practices; open source software; free software; knowledge mobilization, Open Source, Open Source Hardware, Innovation, free and open source hardware; FOSH; free and open source software; open design; open hardware; open science; open scientific hardware; OScH; communication studies, communication, information technology, information science, libraries, science, knowledge, technology, sociology

See also[edit | edit source]

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