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SDG10 Reduced inequalities

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Description of Goal 10[edit]

SDG10 logo from the U.N.

"Reduce inequality within and among countries"

See more at the United Nations' Department of Economic and Social Affairs website.



Sustainable Development Goal 10: Reduced inequalities

Appropedia projects contributing to this SDG[edit]

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A simplified means of using natural fibres to create a menstrual pad is described below.
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3D printable design of the black mamba bicycle pedal.
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The Blind Person's Assistant is based on ultrasound measurements. The sensor in bracelet measures distance in front of it in the range up to 12 feet (4 meters). In case of an obstacle in the range of 0.5 meters or closer, the buzzer creates a high sound and the low-power laser creates a light beam.
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The proposed design utilizes a recycled bottle and cap (with a cap diameter equal to or greater than that of a 2L pop bottle) as a portable, durable platform for a high efficiency LED lighting system that is charged using a small solar panel
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3D printable design of the black mamba bicycle brake calliper.
MosquitoNets Figure5 SM.jpg
Mosquito bed-netting represents the most inexpensive way of effectively eliminating mosquito bites while sleeping.
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Makala hii inahusika na uundaji wa mfumo wa kuchuja maji wa gharama nafuu sana. Uchujaji maji unaweza kufanyika kama kuna njia chache ama hakuna kabisa njia mbadala za kupata maji safi toka vyanzo vingine kama vile maji ya mvua, maji ya ardhini (na sio yatembeayo juu ya ardhi)
Clubfootbracefinal.jpg
A 3D printable brace that can be used to treat children born with club foot.
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Compact, cheap commodes could be used in disaster relief operations, hospitals, and households.
Hinge.jpg
Toilet seats and hinges are an overlooked item in the modern world. A proper seat and hinge provides support for when nature calls. This item may be used in a composting toilet aplication.
ConcreteTrowel 1.jpg
This trowel would help fulfill the needs of affordable tools for concrete and interior work on houses and buildings in developing countries.
Cotton extractor(yarn maker).jpg
Cotton obtained from the farm can be extracted into yarn with this tool.
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The final goal of this project was to provide a refuge for homeless senior citizens within the compound of the Parras Desarollo Integral de la Familia (DIF) so that they can find shelter and companionship, as integration of the family and community is an important part of the Parras culture.
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This device cheaply allows women to track their cycle easily, and can also be used when a couple is having trouble having kids.
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Solar water pasturizers can help clean water in poorer communities but a barrier to their popularity in those countries are their high capital costs, which primarily come from the heat exchanger cost. This study explored different materials/technologies to reduce the heat exchanger cost while also optimizing its performance.
Filter1.jpg
The presented treatment unit serves as a means to reduce turbidity in water to be subsequently treated with solar water disinfection (SODIS) technology. The unit is comprised of a well-graded sand filter through which turbid water flows and subsequently settles.
OPURDew Roof.jpg
This work offers a primer to the topic of AWVPs, and a description of how to build a dew collection rig. Unfortunately, dewfall is not currently recorded in most standard meteorological archives; so the next step for this project is to offer a reliable means of regional assessment that is accessible to a layman.
Relief Platform 1.jpg
Simple and easy to produce, temporary housing platform to to aid in living conditions after a natural disaster
Drop spindle.jpg
The Drop Spindle is an ancient tool used for spinning fibers such as wool, cotton, flax, and hemp into yarn, without the need for a large, expensive, and complex spinning wheel. This a 3D printable drop spindle.
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The design fulfills the need for a cheap single 3D print that will function as a ECG limb lead holder.
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A nebuliser works by using compressed air to convert liquid medicine to an aerosol that can be inhaled by the patient. This is a 3D printable design
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The reason this design challenge was created was to replace a poorly designed connector for an air hose on a nebuliser. The current fitting often snaps off under normal use and requires a significant amount of effort every several days to re-glue the undersized fitting back on.
Garden Rip and Seeder.jpeg
This project was originally intended for the developing world to aid in farming and rapid planting.
Solar Suitcase1.jpg
A project where Humboldt State University (HSU) students obtained a solar suitcase from the non-profit We Share Solar. The solar suitcase is a portable, small scale solar system. These students constructed and tested the solar suitcase then gave a presentation and taught a class of college students how to build this solar suitcase and test it in a learning environment. The purpose of these solar suitcases is to provide electricity to rural/poor locations in the world. After the construction of small and larger solar suitcases for this project, some were sent to developing countries to provide some citizens with electricity.
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This 3D printable device is a portable, easy to use unit that uses a limited amount of water. Could help prevent spread of sicknesses in a village or house without access to running water.
Hand Wood Planer.jpg
The hand wood planer is designed for making medium to detailed design cuts on wood.
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This Open Source Appropriate Technology (OSAT) aims to decrease the overall cost of a standard crutch and to enter the specialized market.
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The design of most biogas systems can be traced to either the China Fixed Dome (CFD) 6+ million in-use or the India Floating Cover (IFC) 2.9+ million in-use. The Philippine BioDigester Home Biogas System (HBS) is a product of both designs.
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Home biogas system. The design of most biogas systems can be traced to either the China Fixed Dome (CFD) 6+ million in-use or the India Floating Cover (IFC) 2.9+ million in-use.
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Our objective for the water project for the 2014 Practivistas Dominicana Program in La Yuca is to replace the flat piping system, used to catch rainwater runoff from the roof, with a gutter that will obtain more water.
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Students from Humboldt State University that were part of the Practivistas Dominicanas program traveled to a city called La Yuca in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. This group of students built a solar power system for a school there that allows the school to run lights and fans and function when there is a power outage in the area as well.
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The objective for this project is to build a small local pharmacy (Botica Popular) for the people of Las Malvinas, which will provide basic medical supplies and medications to the community at a much lower cost.
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Snaps can be used in a variety of ways; shirts, coats, satchels or bags, or any other system that would be desired to hold together. This simple idea of a snap system and the varities of of uses make this an aopporiate OSAT project.
CentrifugeApparatus.jpg
Manual Centrifuge Apparatus is a scientific equipment which is widely used in chemical and clinical labs all around the world. This apparatus is used to separate two fluids with different densities when rotated at very high speeds.
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The openscad project is set to print a 1 cup measuring cup, but can be easily scaled to any practical size for cooking.
Jcpaulse OSATproject.jpg
The mineral sifter is an excellent example of OSAT. Sifters are a major time saver, especially in developing countries where simple appliances are difficult to come by. This sifter can be used in a variety of different ways ranging from cooking to gardening.
OSAT Monochromator.jpg
A monochromator is a device which takes light and transmits it to into a narrow band of wavelengths. Using a form of mechanical filtering (diffraction) the user is able to select a specific wavelength (color) which would exit through a exit slit. The monochromator holds many scientific applications ranging from measuring a reflected or transmitted light off a surface.
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The treadle pump is a lift pump designed to irrigate small plots of land. Treadle pumps are designed to be operated by the farmer or hand in a "stair stepper" type motion to lift water from a depth of not over seven meters.
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Proper growth of infants and young children is paramount to the development of well-functioning adults. Infantometers can be used to measure the height of infants and small children to gauge the physical growth during the early stages of life.
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This toilet paper holder is an appropriate technology because it allows people in developing countries to store and use their toilet paper cleanly. The pole can be used to store rolls of toilet paper vertically, and then the actual holder on top will hold the toilet paper as it is dispensed.
RopePumpValvePIC.jpg
Rope pumps are an incredibly easy and cost effective way of raising water to the surface. The main hindrance is the valves that go on the rope. This 3D design cuts down production materials, energy and cost.
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Nitrate, the most oxidized form of nitrogen, is regulated to protect people and animals from harmful levels as there is a large over abundance due to anthropogenic factors. The leading certified method to detect and quantify nitrate, demands the use of a toxic heavy metal. An alternative eliminates this problem but requires an expensive proprietary spectrophotometer. The development of an inexpensive portable, handheld photometer will greatly expedite field nitrate analysis to combat pollution.
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The combination of open-source software and hardware provide technically feasible methods to create low-cost, highly-customized scientific research equipment.
VerticalStorageContainer.jpg
This device could be used to protect from animals and have a more sanitary place to put items like spices, pills, or any other small valuable object.
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To allow people in poverty to have decent eyesight, thus able to read, learn, travel and work better.
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Makeshift water piping has been a massive undertaking in Nepal especially where an earthquake devastated the area a year ago. Organizations such as Field Ready are hard at work making sure water supply systems in the area are sanitary and helpful for those who need it. The T-fitting module was specifically requested by Field Ready
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The aim of this Technical Brief is to create awareness of a successful method of “run off rain water harvesting” which can be effectively used by resource poor farming households, to overcome the hardships of nature.
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Salud del Sol is a nonprofit organization that advocates for implementation of solar energy systems in low income communities in Nicaragua. This group is also conducting a solar autoclave project.
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This Open Source 3D sample rotator accepts a variety of tube sizes and mixes them horizontally, vertically, or any position in between. Changing the mixing angle is easy simply turn the rotisserie. No tools are required.
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This is a scrub brush for cleaning what ever it is that needs a little elbow grease. It costs a fraction of commercially available scrub brushes. In less developed regions cleaning tools such as a scrub brush are indispensable. This brush is also customizable allowing any size brush to be made easily for any application. It is printed using a bridging technique.

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