Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.
Australia topic articles[edit | edit source]
Climate action[edit | edit source]
The per-capita carbon footprint in Australia was rated 12th in the world by PNAS in 2011.
In 2013, the CSIRO released a report stating Australia is getting hotter. In 2014, the Bureau of Meteorology released a report on the state of Australia's climate, which highlighted several key points, including the dramatic increase in Australia's temperatures (particularly nighttime temperatures) and the increasing frequency of bush fires, droughts and floods which have all been linked to climate change.
Australian climate action groups on greenlivingpedia (category)
Wikipedia: Climate change organizations based in Australia (category)
Campaigns: The Transition Decade (Wikipedia): non-partisan shared campaign which is coordinated by an alliance of Australian community, social, and environmental groups, non-profits and NGO's. The initiative forms a unified plan to campaign, lobby and work to restore safe climate conditions and a sustainable future.
Community involvement[edit | edit source]
- The Australian Centre for Social Innovation, tacsi.org.au, added 15:57, 22 February 2021 (UTC)
Community energy[edit | edit source]
Community Power Agency, social enterprise setup to support the development of a vibrant community energy sector in Australia
YourEnergySavings.gov.au, information from the Australian Government as well as state and territory governments.
Solar PV Maps and Tools, Australian Photovoltaic Institute
See also: Energy transition in Australia
Cycling activism[edit | edit source]
Wikipedia: Cycling organizations in Australia (category)
Education for sustainability[edit | edit source]
Cool Australia, educating for a sustainable future
Ethical consumerism[edit | edit source]
Ethical consumer guide, The Ethical Consumer Group is a community based, not-for-profit network set up to help facilitate more sustainable purchasing practices for the everyday consumer.
Food activism[edit | edit source]
Australian City Farms and Community Gardens Network - Grow Free, "dedicated to making our food locally grown, organic and free" - Local Harvest, national initiative aiming to help people find local sources of food and grow their own - My Home Harvest - Open Food Network, openfoodnetwork.org.au - Solar cooking resources in Australia
Farmers' markets: Australian Farmers' Markets Association
Resources: Planning and running open farm days, openfoodnetwork.org
Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]
Sharing[edit | edit source]
Social inclusion[edit | edit source]
- Homelessness in Australia: The majority of long term homeless people are found in the large cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, and Brisbane. It is estimated that on any given night approximately 105,000 people will be homeless.
- Poverty in Australia: Some of the latest information on poverty in Australia comes from a study conducted by the Australian Council of Social Service in 2012. The Report, Poverty In Australia, shows that in 2010, after taking account of housing costs, an estimated 2,265,000 people or 12.5% of all people, including 575,000 children (17.3% of all children), lived in households below the most austere poverty line widely used in international research.
Sustainable transport activism[edit | edit source]
Urban sustainability[edit | edit source]
Australia is one of the most urbanized countries in the world. Many Australian cities have large urban footprints and are characterised by an unsustainable low density urban sprawl. This places demand on infrastructure and services which contributes to the problems of land clearing, pollution, transport related emissions, energy consumption, invasive species, automobile dependency and urban heat islands.
The urban sprawl continues to increase at a rapid rate in most Australian cities, particularly the state capital cities, all of which (with the exception of Hobart) are metropoleis. In some centres, such as Sydney and Greater Western Sydney, Greater Melbourne and South East Queensland large metropolitan conurbations threaten to extend for hundreds of kilometres and based on current population growth rates are expected to become megacities in the 21st century.
In recent years, some cities have implemented transit-oriented development strategies to curb the urban sprawl. Notable examples include Melbourne 2030, South East Queensland Regional Plan and the Sydney Metropolitan Strategy.
Campaigns[edit | edit source]
Near you[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- Wikipedia: Australia, Drought in Australia, Environment of Australia, Environmental issues in Australia, Environmental organizations based in Australia (category), Water security in Australia
- Department of the Environment, Australian Government