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Published by Phil Green
Published 2006
License CC BY-SA 4.0
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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia's population of nearly 26 million, in an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Canberra is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Sydney, and other major metropolitan areas include Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Climate action[edit | edit source]

The Australian teen climate activists fighting for change - BBC World Service
Author: BBC World Service, Apr 22, 2021

The per-capita carbon footprint in Australia was rated 12th in the world by PNAS in 2011.

In 2013, the CSIRO released a report stating Australia is getting hotter. In 2014, the Bureau of Meteorology released a report on the state of Australia's climate, which highlighted several key points, including the dramatic increase in Australia's temperatures (particularly nighttime temperatures) and the increasing frequency of bush fires, droughts and floods which have all been linked to climate change.[1]

Beyond Zero Emissions

Australian climate action groups on greenlivingpedia (category)

Australian Youth Climate Coalition, see also: Visions

Wikipedia: Climate change organizations based in Australia (category)

Campaigns: The Transition Decade (Wikipedia): non-partisan shared campaign which is coordinated by an alliance of Australian community, social, and environmental groups, non-profits and NGO's. The initiative forms a unified plan to campaign, lobby and work to restore safe climate conditions and a sustainable future.

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

How Devils Heal Forests
Author: Sustainable Human, Jun 13, 2018


Conservation in Australia: Conservation in Australia is an issue of state and federal policy. Australia is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world [citation needed], with a large portion of species endemic to Australia. Preserving this wealth of biodiversity is important for future generations.
Animal habitats like reefs and forests must be preserved in order to preserve population and diversity of animal species. Conservation is vital for future study and for field research to be undertaken, and because biological richness is an unmeasurable aesthetic that may be developed into commercial recreational attractions.
According to Janine Benyus, the potential for advances in biomimicry in Australia are great because the extreme weather and conditions found here provide an excellent evolutionary incubator. Research on natural processes can only occur if habitat is preserved and organisms continue to thrive. Rainforests such as the Daintree have immeasurable value.
Federal and State governments manage protected areas and national parks; a number of non-governmental organizations are also involved in conservation.
Conservation organizations based in Australia (category)

Environment quality[edit | edit source]

Clean Up Australia, (Wikipedia): Clean Up Australia Limited is a not-for-profit Australian environmental conservation organisation founded by Australian Ian Kiernan, and co-founder Kim McKay, in 1989. It works to foster relationships between the community, business and government to address the environmental issues of waste, water and climate change. Since its inception, Clean Up Australia has grown to include other projects and campaigns including Business Clean Up Day, Schools Clean Up Day, Clean Up the Alps, Clean Up the Kimberley and Clean Up the World. The organisation is behind Clean Up Australia Day, as well as other environmental projects and campaigns.

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia: Forests of Australia: Australia has many forests of importance due to significant features, despite being one of the driest continents. Australia has approximately 147 million hectares of native forest, which represents some 19% of land use. The majority of Australia's trees are hardwoods, typically eucalypts, rather than softwoods like pine.

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

How this all came about
Author: Platform C, Oct 14, 2019
  • The Australian Centre for Social Innovation, tacsi.org.au, added 15:57, 22 February 2021 (UTC)

Coasts[edit | edit source]

One of the notable issues with marine conservation in Australia is the protection of the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef's environmental pressures include water quality from runoff, climate change and mass coral bleaching, cyclic outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns starfish, overfishing, and shipping accidents.[2]

Wikipedia: Environmental threats to the Great Barrier Reef

Community energy[edit | edit source]

Community Power Agency, social enterprise setup to support the development of a vibrant community energy sector in Australia

YourEnergySavings.gov.au, information from the Australian Government as well as state and territory governments.

Energy For The People


Solar PV Maps and Tools, Australian Photovoltaic Institute

See also: Energy transition in Australia

Cycling activism[edit | edit source]

Critical Mass bicycle rides in Australia

Wikipedia: Cycling organizations in Australia (category)

Education for sustainability[edit | edit source]

Cool Australia, educating for a sustainable future

Ethical consumerism[edit | edit source]

Ethical consumer guide, The Ethical Consumer Group is a community based, not-for-profit network set up to help facilitate more sustainable purchasing practices for the everyday consumer.

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Australian City Farms and Community Gardens Network - Grow Free, "dedicated to making our food locally grown, organic and free" - Local Harvest, national initiative aiming to help people find local sources of food and grow their own - My Home Harvest - Open Food Network, openfoodnetwork.org.au - Solar cooking resources in Australia

Farmers' markets: Australian Farmers' Markets Association

Resources: Planning and running open farm days, openfoodnetwork.org

'From the Ground Up – Regenerative Agriculture'
Author: festival21, Jul 28, 2019

Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]

Reverse Garbage

Sharing[edit | edit source]

Open Shed

Social inclusion[edit | edit source]


Homelessness in Australia: The majority of long term homeless people are found in the large cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, and Brisbane. It is estimated that on any given night approximately 105,000 people will be homeless.
Poverty in Australia: Some of the latest information on poverty in Australia comes from a study conducted by the Australian Council of Social Service in 2012. The Report, Poverty In Australia, shows that in 2010, after taking account of housing costs, an estimated 2,265,000 people or 12.5% of all people, including 575,000 children (17.3% of all children), lived in households below the most austere poverty line widely used in international research.

Sustainable transport activism[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia: Better Place#Australia, Environmental impact of transport in Australia, Public transport in Australia

Urban sustainability[edit | edit source]

Australia is one of the most urbanized countries in the world. Many Australian cities have large urban footprints and are characterised by an unsustainable low density urban sprawl. This places demand on infrastructure and services which contributes to the problems of land clearing, pollution, transport related emissions, energy consumption, invasive species, automobile dependency and urban heat islands.

The urban sprawl continues to increase at a rapid rate in most Australian cities, particularly the state capital cities, all of which (with the exception of Hobart) are metropoleis. In some centres, such as Sydney and Greater Western Sydney, Greater Melbourne and South East Queensland large metropolitan conurbations threaten to extend for hundreds of kilometres and based on current population growth rates are expected to become megacities in the 21st century.

In recent years, some cities have implemented transit-oriented development strategies to curb the urban sprawl. Notable examples include Melbourne 2030, South East Queensland Regional Plan and the Sydney Metropolitan Strategy.[3]

Urban Reforestation, organization in Australia, which focuses on sustainable living in urban places.[4]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

Eco Villages Australia Intro
Author: Eco Villages Australia, Jun 18, 2020

Visions[edit | edit source]

Community resources[edit | edit source]


Books[edit | edit source]

Apps for sustainability[edit | edit source]

Snap Send Solve - Trolley Tracker™, smartphone app to report wayward shopping trolleys on the run

Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]

Australian Bureau of Statistics - Open Knowledge Foundation Australia

Wikipedia: Australia, State of the Environment reports

Maps[edit | edit source]

Wikimedia Atlas of Australia

News and comment[edit | edit source]

See separate article: Australia news

Events[edit | edit source]


Nov 13 - 19 National Recycling Week


Nov 7 - 13 National Recycling Week

Oct 17 - 23 National Bird Week, Aussie Backyard Bird Count


November 9 - 15 National Recycling Week

May 4 - 10 International Composting Awareness Week Australia

March 23 -29 Meat Free Week Australia


March 2 Clean Up Australia Day

October 3 - 12 National Organic Week

Ocotber 15 Ride2Work Day

October 18 National Divestment Day

Campaigns[edit | edit source]

Don't Frack the Territory

Near you[edit | edit source]

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New South Wales - Queensland - South Australia - Tasmania - Victoria (Australia) - Western Australia
Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney


External links[edit | edit source]

Greenlivingpedia: Australia (category)

References[edit | edit source]