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Location Ireland, Europe
  • News Ireland could give nature constitutional rights, BBC News (Dec 16, 2023)
  • News Boy tells TDs and senators: 'We need more trains now', (Nov 21, 2023)
  • News Land use plan needed to combat climate change on ‘different scale’ - Taoiseach, (Oct 25, 2023)
  • News Inside the world’s first native bee sanctuary (plus, how to really save bees), Positive News (May 19, 2023)
  • News Ireland has lost almost all of its native forests – here’s how to bring them back, The Conversation (Feb 24, 2023)

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Ireland ( YRE-lənd; Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann [ˈɑːrlən]) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, in north-western Europe. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest in the world.

Geopolitically, the island of Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), an independent state covering five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. As of 2022, the population of the entire island is just over 7 million, with 5.1 million living in the Republic of Ireland and 1.9 million in Northern Ireland, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain.

The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is free of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the Middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up about 10% of the island, compared with a European average of over 33%, with most of it being non-native conifer plantations. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus very moderate, and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

Transition Town Kinsale celebrate their 10th birthday
Authors: TransitionTowns, Nov 23, 2015

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

Neighbourhood Network - Maria
Authors: Neighbourhood Network, May 27, 2020

Ecovillages[edit | edit source]

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Cloughjordan Ecovillage is an ecovillage of 114 homes and 16 live/work units integrated into the town of Cloughjordan in Ireland.

It consists of:

  • 67-acres of land,
  • Allotments, farming, woodland, community buildings, and more.
  • A solar and wood-powered community heating system,
  • The headquarters of the new Cloughjordan Enterprise Centre, managed by the North Tipperary Green Enterprise Park Ltd (NTGEP). Its aim is to provide workspace and services for eco entrepreneurs in North Tipperary.

It is north of the town centre and the entrance forms a new intersection on the Main Street.

The first residents moved into their homes in December 2009.

Vinay Gupta works with the community on matters of design and appropriate technology and the site includes a number of Hexayurts (affordable but effective shelters).

Climate action[edit | edit source]

  • Climate change: Irish Youth Assembly demands action, Nov 16, 2019...[1]
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One meeting on climate change was planned, for the weekends starting 30 September and 4 November 2017; the second was added to the schedule on 17 July. Speakers included the chair of the advisory group for a promised "National Dialogue on Climate Change".

Recommendations, all passed by at least 80% of members, included: empowering an independent body to address climate change; Greenhouse gas (GHG) tax, including carbon tax and agricultural GHG tax; encouragement of climate change mitigation, electric vehicles, public transport, forests, organic farming, and natural peat bogs; reduction of food waste; microgeneration of electricity; ending subsidy of peat extraction; increasing bus lanes, cycle lanes and park and ride facilities.

The Oireachtas responded to the report by establishing a Joint Committee on Climate Action, which published its own report on 29 March 2019. On 9 May 2019 the Dáil endorsed the committee's report and symbolically declared a "climate and biodiversity emergency",. The motion also requested a Citizen's Assembly to study the biodiversity loss emergency and how the state can improve its response. A "government action plan on climate change" followed on 17 June 2019.

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

Introduction to the All-Ireland Pollinator Plan
Authors: National Biodiversity Data Centre, Feb 26, 2018

see also: Northern Ireland, Biodiversity

Ethical consumerism[edit | edit source]

Food activism[edit | edit source]

see separate article: Food activism Ireland

Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]

Recycle IT, the only Community Electronic Recycling Social Enterprise in Dublin, Kildare and Wicklow - Repair Cafe Ireland

Sharing[edit | edit source]

Ireland (whole country) is part of the sharing cities network

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Meitheal (IPA: [ˈmʲɛhəlˠ]) is the Irish word for a work team, gang, or party and denotes the co-operative labour system in Ireland where groups of neighbours help each other in turn with farming work such as harvesting crops.

The term is used in various writings of Irish language authors. It can convey the idea of community spirit in which neighbours respond to each other's needs. In modern use for example, a meitheal could be a party of neighbours and friends invited to help decorate a house in exchange for food and drink, or in scouting, where volunteer campsite wardens maintain campsites around Ireland.


Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]

Basic Income Ireland - Feasta, foundation for the economics of sustainability

Urban sustainability[edit | edit source]

Community Technical Aid, W

Arts, sport and culture[edit | edit source]

Creative Lives - Helping community-based creative groups thrive
Authors: Creative Lives, Jan 12, 2023
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Creative Lives is an arts organisation based in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The group was originally founded as Voluntary Arts in 1991 to promote creative cultural activity. In June 2021 the organisation was renamed "Creative Lives". It is supported by funders including the UK Arts Councils and the Irish Arts Council and charitable trusts.

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Creative Lives has offices in Cardiff and Edinburgh, as well as project workers in different locations across the UK and in Dublin. Through a devolved structure across the UK and Ireland, the organisation provides information and training, and works with policy makers, funders and politicians to improve the environment for everyday creativity.

Creative Lives is registered in Scotland as Voluntary Arts Network Company No. 139147 and Charity No. SC 020345.

Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the field of literature. Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music, Irish language and Irish dance. The island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, golf, and boxing. W

Resources[edit | edit source]

Video[edit | edit source]


Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]

Fingal Open Data

Infographics[edit | edit source]

Sustainable Community Highlights, Feb 29, 2016

Past events[edit | edit source]

Street Feast -Take part with your neighbours
Authors: Neighbourhood Network, Apr 18, 2017



Oct 20 - 28 Galway Sustainable Living Festival


November 28 - Launch of 'A Vision for Galway 2030' Transition Galway

Near you[edit | edit source]


See also[edit | edit source]

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External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

FA info icon.svgAngle down icon.svgPage data
Keywords countries
Authors Phil Green
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 998 pages link here
Aliases Ireland
Impact 1,074 page views
Created April 22, 2014 by Phil Green
Modified January 13, 2024 by Phil Green
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