3-D printing technologies have the potential to improve both Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and Career and Technical Education (CTE), as well as integrating these two educational emphases and providing opportunities for cross-curriculum engagement. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential of open-source (OS) technologies in an educational setting, given the combination of economic constraints affecting all educational environments and the ability of OS design to profoundly decrease the cost of technological tools and technological innovation.
Methods[edit | edit source]
This paper reports on a 3-day workshop augmented with online instructional and visual tools designed for middle school and high school level educators from a wide array of disciplines (including traditional science, math, and engineering as well as computer, shop, and art). Teachers (n=22) submitted applications to participate in the workshop, the workshop was observed for both evaluation and research, teachers participated in focus groups (n=2) during the workshop in order to discuss their interest in OS 3-D printing technology and its potential role in their classrooms, and teachers completed a voluntary post-workshop survey and responded to follow-up after printers were in the classroom for one year.
Results[edit | edit source]
During the workshop teachers built 3-D printers using OS technologies that they were then able to take back to their schools and into their classrooms.
Conclusion[edit | edit source]
Through workshops augmented with online instructional and visual tools designed to provide facilitated yet self-directed engagement with a new, relatively unknown, and relatively complex technology, paired teacher teams were able to successfully build and use RepRap 3-D printers based on OS design in just three days.
Practice[edit | edit source]
Here, we discuss both what the teachers learned and what we learned from the teachers regarding the potential for educators to construct OS 3-D printing technologies as a tool of empowering and transformative education.
Implications[edit | edit source]
Open-source 3-D printing technologies have the potential to improve education through a sense of empowerment resulting from active participation, as well as through cross-curriculum engagement.
|Michigan Tech 3-D printer workshop FOX
|Michigan Tech 3-D printer workshop ABC
Highlights[edit | edit source]
- Open-Source 3D printing provides a cost efficient means of STEM education.
- These technologies can also empower student-driven engaged learning.
- Report on workshop for science educators to build 3D printers for their classes.
- Teacher workshop augmented with online instructional and visual tools.
- Results indicate transformative potential of these technologies in the classroom.
Keywords[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Bridging the Social and Environmental Dimensions of Global Sustainability in STEM Education with Additive Manufacturing
- The Economics of Classroom 3-D Printing of Open-Source Digital Designs of Learning Aids
- Category:MOST RepRap build
- Delta Build Workshop
- The RepRap 3-D Printer Revolution in STEM Education
- Implementing Self-Replicating Rapid Prototypers (RepRaps) into a Mechanical/Manufacturing Program
- Evaluation of RepRap 3D Printer Workshops in K-12 STEM