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Authors Phil Green
Published 2007
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The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in its 1948 constitution as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." This definition has been subject to controversy, in particular as lacking operational value and because of the problem created by use of the word "complete". Other definitions have been proposed, among which a recent definition that correlates health and personal satisfaction.

The term "healthy" is also widely used in the context of many types of non-living organizations and their impacts for the benefit of humans, such as in the sense of healthy communities, healthy cities or healthy environments. In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, and economic, social conditions, and spirituality; these are referred to as "determinants of health." Studies have shown that high levels of stress can affect human health. W ...see also: well-being, Mental health, Health and climate

Community action projects[edit | edit source]

  • help people understand that "the climate crisis is a health crisis" [1]
  • Ecotherapy
  • Green Gym
  • Healthy Living Projects
  • Healthy eating projects
  • Health and sustainability Fairs
  • Walking for Health initiatives and Community walking projects

Health and climate[edit | edit source]

Green exercise[edit | edit source]

Green exercise refers to physical exercise undertaken in natural environments. Physical exercise is well known to provide physical and psychological health benefits. There is also good evidence that viewing, being in, and interacting with natural environments has positive effects, reducing stress and increasing the ability to cope with stress, reducing mental fatigue and improving concentration and cognitive function. W

Green Gym[edit | edit source]

The Conservation Volunteers' (UK community volunteering charity that works to create healthier and happier communities for everyone through environmental conservation) Green Gym programme aims to provide people with a way to enhance their fitness and health while taking action to improve the outdoor environment. It can be seen as enabling people to get fit who would not normally attend a conventional gym or sports centre. W

Resources[edit | edit source]

  • Helping one another to discover what is already out there!

Quotes[edit | edit source]

"As a public health doctor, I know that by eliminating the local consequences of fossil fuel emissions, and lifting whole communities out of poverty, the Green New Deal will also be a Public Health New Deal." Abdul El-Sayed [2]

Video [edit | edit source]


News and comment[edit | edit source]


'Invisible killer': fossil fuels caused 8.7m deaths globally in 2018, research finds, Feb 9 [3] ...Environment quality news


Tramway de barcelone 1.jpg

Barcelona's car-free 'superblocks' could save hundreds of lives, Sep 10 [4]

World health leaders urge green recovery from coronavirus crisis, May 26 [5] ...Towards sustainable economies news

The pandemic isn’t a portal, yet, Neal Gorenflo, Apr 27 [6]

Bogotá expands bike lanes to curb coronavirus spread, Mar 20 [7]

What is Coronavirus Teaching us About Resilience? David Jacobin, Mar 15 [8]


Air pollution is now a 'health emergency', head of NHS England warns, Oct 21 [9] ...Environment quality UK

Mending hearts: how a ‘repair economy’ creates a kinder, more caring community, Jun 12 [10] ...Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle

New Zealand 'wellbeing' budget promises billions to care for most vulnerable, May 30 [11]

Urban co-design for better wellbeing and health: Healthy New Town, Jan 9 [12] ...Urban sustainability UK


Save millions of lives by tackling climate change, says WHO, Dec 5 [13]


Air pollution now 'largest health crisis', Nov 22 [14]

Prototyping a ‘Citizen Research Centre’ by Sarah Drummond, Nov 14 [15]

Future proofing with kindness, Oct 9 [16] ...Food UK news

How do you build a healthy city? Copenhagen reveals its secrets, Feb 11 [17]

We need to talk about ageing – and it’s about far more than the NHS, Feb 4, John Harris [18] ...Health and wellbeing UK


Huge health gap revealed between UK’s rich and poor, Dec 23 [19]

Economic Inequality and Health Inequality Are Inextricably Linked, Dec 5 [20] ...US news

Being poor kills – to improve public health the government must tackle inequality, Apr 10 [21] ...Health and wellbeing UK


Can Commons Thinking Drive a New Health System? Nov 30 [22]


World’s first passive house hospital planned, July 18 [23]


Sustainable Medicine, Cuba and Peak oil, 20 October [24]

Climate change is the biggest health threat of the 21st Century, May 14 [25]


Integrated health strategies can save children’s lives, says UNICEF flagship, State of the World’s Children Report 2008, January 22 [26]

Wellbeing[edit | edit source]

Well-being, wellbeing, or wellness is the condition of an individual or group. A high level of well-being means that in some sense the individual's or group's condition is positive.

"Wellness refers to diverse and interconnected dimensions of physical, mental, and social well-being that extend beyond the traditional definition of health. It includes choices and activities aimed at achieving physical vitality, mental alacrity, social satisfaction, a sense of accomplishment, and personal fulfillment." [27]

UK Office for National Statistics (ONS) definition[edit | edit source]

The ONS defines wellbeing "as having 10 broad dimensions which have been shown to matter most to people in the UK as identified through a national debate. The dimensions are:

  • the natural environment,
  • personal well-being,
  • our relationships,
  • health,
  • what we do,
  • where we live,
  • personal finance,
  • the economy,
  • education and skills, and
  • governance.

Personal wellbeing is a particularly important dimension which we define as how satisfied we are with our lives, our sense that what we do in life is worthwhile, our day to day emotional experiences (happiness and anxiety) and our wider mental wellbeing." [28]

Community and planetary wellbeing[edit | edit source]

Community action for sustainability is concerned with at least three complementary, overlapping and interlocking kinds of wellbeing: Environmental, Social and Economic. see also: Joined-up solutions, Genuine progress indicator W, Happy Planet Index W. Some have suggested a fourth kind, Spiritual well being, is also important. see: Why it matters. Similarly, for example the Transition movement includes concern for 'Inner Transition' [29]

Quality of life[edit | edit source]

Quality of life is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life. It observes life satisfaction, including everything from physical health, family, education, employment, wealth, safety, security to freedom, religious beliefs, and the environment. QOL has a wide range of contexts, including the fields of international development, healthcare, politics and employment.

Quality of life should not be confused with the concept of standard of living, which is based primarily on income. [30]

Mental health[edit | edit source]

The World Health Organization describes mental health as "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community". Mental Health is not just the absence of mental illness. W

Events[edit | edit source]

Massai women rally.jpg

Mar 8 International Women's Day, 2020, Sun


Mar 20 International Day of Happiness 2020, Fri

World Health Organization Flag.jpg

Apr 7 World Health Day 2020, Tue


Oct 10 World Mental Health Day, 2019, Thu

See also[edit | edit source]

In a way all CASwiki topics are about community wellbeing local information can be found, or shared, via our many location pages


External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]