Looking across Castle Park in central Bristol, from a tethered passenger balloon at 500 feet. The channeled River Avon (called the Floating Harbour) is on the left. Attribution: Adrian Pingstone

Bristol ( (listen)) is a city, ceremonial county and unitary authority in England. With a population of 463,400, it is the most populous city in South West England. The wider Bristol Built-Up Area has the 10th-largest population in England. The urban area population of 670,000 is the 11th-largest in the United Kingdom. The city lies between Gloucestershire to the north and Somerset to the south. South Wales lies across the Severn estuary.

Bristol was ranked in 2008 as the UK's most sustainable city by the environmental charity Forum for the Future, and in 2015 it received the European Green Capital Award. The Bristol Green Capital initiative is managed by a partnership supported by the City Council. Bristol is home to the environmental charities Sustrans, the Soil Association, and the Centre for Sustainable Energy. The city provides a range of recycling services for household waste.

In 2019, Bristol became the first city to completely ban diesel cars, effective from 2021. Diesel cars will be banned from the central area of the city between 7am and 3pm every day. W

Bristol community action[edit | edit source]

Sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

The Bristol Democracy Project, Getting People Involved In Decision Making In Bristol

Climate action[edit | edit source]

Extinction Rebellion Bristol, added 18:30, 14 February 2020 (UTC)

Council action on climate change, Bristol City Council - Future Bristol Low Carbon 2050 - Explore the Scenarios

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

  • One City Ecological Emergency Strategy, Sep 2020, bristolonecity.com, added 11:12, 16 April 2021 (UTC)
  • Friends of the Avon New Cut group of local people promoting greater understanding and appreciation of the Cut, its history, wildlife and essential role in the city.

Arts, sport and culture[edit | edit source]

More video: Make Sunday Special Bristol City Council - Come and enjoy a car free Bristol City Centre, June 2013 YouTube

At-Bristol science centre - Bristol Civic Society - Happy City - Knowle West Media Centre - Make Sundays Special

Wikipedia: Bristol, Twin cities: Bristol was among the first cities to adopt the idea of town twinning. Its twin towns include:

  • Bordeaux, France since 1947
  • Hannover, Germany since 1947, the first post-war twinning of British and German cities
Other twinnings include:

Community and voluntary action[edit | edit source]


Community currencies activism[edit | edit source]

Bristol pound

Community energy[edit | edit source]

Bristol Energy Co-operative - Bristol Green Doors, domestic green refurbishment & retrofitting - Demand Energy Equality, Bristol-based energy justice project that seeks to empower and power low income households - Bristol Smart Energy City Collaboration - Easton Community Energy Group, Laying a brand new grid with David and Damon in Bristol 1010uk.org (no date found) - Owen Square Community Energy, cooperative member-based local energy supply company jointly operated by Easton Community Centre, local energy group Easton Energy Group and Bristol-based microgrid developer CEPRO


Bristol Community Energy Fund


Bristol Energy Network, umbrella organisation for all community energy groups in Bristol and the surrounding area

Community safety[edit | edit source]

Bristol City of Sanctuary - Safer Bristol

Cycling activism[edit | edit source]


Despite being hilly, Bristol is one of the prominent cycling cities of England. Bristol is home to the national cycle campaigning group Sustrans. It has a number of urban cycle routes, as well as links to National Cycle Network routes to Bath and London, to Gloucester and Wales, and to the south-western peninsula of England. 7.7% of journeys to work are by bicycle. Between 1991 and 2001 Bristol had the third highest increase in bicycle use of any UK council area, at 1.64%. Following the 2001 Local Transport Plan cycling increased even more rapidly, with a 21% increase in journeys.

Bristol was recently awarded £22.8 million to double its cycling population after being awarded "cycling city" status. More information can be found at the region's cycling website Better By Bike

Environment quality[edit | edit source]


ClairCity, Eu project about air pollution and CO2 emissions in cities, putting the power in the hands of residents to determine the best local solutions.

Ethical consumerism[edit | edit source]

Bristol Fairtrade - Bristol Green Hosting - Good Bristol - Whose Responsibility?

Food activism[edit | edit source]

more video: A Good Food Plan For Bristol -

Bristol Food Union, added 16:40, 25 May 2020 (UTC)

Bristol Junk Food on facebook - 91 Ways, using the power of food to bring people together - Allotments and gardens, information from Bristol City Council - Bristol Food Network - Bristol Food Policy Council - Bristol Local Food Directory - Edible futures - Grow Wilder, Avon Wildlife Trust - Avon Organic Group - Incredible Edible Bristol - Sims Hill Shared Harvest, community supported agriculture scheme - Windmill Hill City Farm - St Werburghs City Farm External links in this section checked 14:38, 8 April 2021 (UTC)

Localism[edit | edit source]

Bristol Independents campaign

Open spaces[edit | edit source]

The Avon Green Belt, also known as the Bristol and Bath Green Belt (or Bath and Bristol Green Belt), is a non-statutory green belt environmental and planning policy that regulates urban expansion and development in the countryside surrounding the cities of Bristol and Bath in the South West region of England. It covers areas in Bristol, South Gloucestershire, North Somerset, Bath and North East Somerset, Mendip, and Wiltshire. Essentially, the function of the green belt is to limit urban sprawl and maintain the open character of areas around the Bristol and Bath built up areas, and nearby towns and villages. The policy is implemented by local planning authorities on the basis of guidance from central government.

Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]

Bristol Computer Reuse - Bristol Wood Recycling Project, a not for profit social enterprise, dependent on volunteers as well as paid staff, and part of the National Community Wood Recycling Project W - Children's Scrapstore - Recycling and waste, information from Bristol City Council

Social inclusion[edit | edit source]

The Runnymede Trust found in 2017 that Bristol "ranked 7th out of the 348 districts of England & Wales (1=worst) on the Index of Multiple Inequality." In terms of employment, the report found that "ethnic minorities are disadvantaged compared to White British people nationally, but this is to a greater extent in Bristol, particularly for Black groups." Black people in Bristol experience the 3rd highest level of educational inequality in England and Wales.

Sustainable transport activism[edit | edit source]

A Good Transport Plan for Bristol 2016

Public transport in Bristol - Car Clubs - Friends of Suburban Bristol Railways - Transport in Bristol - Waters and rivers, information from Bristol City Council

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

The Converging World

Urban sustainability[edit | edit source]

Car Free Bristol: An Introduction
Author: Possible, Mar 15, 2021

Redcliffe Neighbourhood Development Forum, added 15:57, 23 May 2020 (UTC)

Changing Bristol streets, Sustrans; Applications: May-June 2015

Living Heart for Bristol

Campaigns[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]

See separate article: Bristol news

Events[edit | edit source]


Jun 8 - 25 Festival of Nature, a wild adventure up the River Avon

March 25 Up Our Street Festival of Solutions 2017, Easton Community Centre, Kilburn Street. Priorirty for residents of Easton and Lawrence Hill

February 22 Bristol Soup

Regular events

Bristol Repair Cafe first Saturday monthly in Fishponds


Sept 2 - 4 Radical Technology Revisited conference

Jun 4 - 5 Get-Growing-Garden-Trail-2016.pdf

Apr 29 - May 7 Bristol Food Connections, bringing people and good food together

February 24 Bristol Soup


Bristol is European Green Capital for 2015 [1], Events, information from bristol2015.co.uk

August 22 Fair in the Square to "celebrate 20 years of the National Cycle Network with a fun-filled festival and Lullaby ride."

July 4 - 5 International Fairtrade Towns' Conference @Bristol Conference Centre


February 8 Bristol Futures Forum

February 24 - March 9 Fairtrade Fortnight in Bristol

April 26 - May 26 Bristol Walking Festival

May 1 - 11 Bristol Food Connections, bringing people and good food together

May 5 Eat-In! Bristol

June 7 - 15 Festival of Nature, June 14 - 15 Harbourside event

June 12 Painting the Town Green event for community and voluntary organisations in the lead up to Bristol Green Capital 2015

June 14 - 22 Bristol Big Green Week

June 22 Bristol’s Biggest Bike Ride

September 13 -14 Bristol Green Doors 2014

November 25 Making Bristol’s Streets Special, Civic Society Annual “Big Event”


September 28 - 29 Bristol Green Doors 2013

Resources[edit | edit source]

see separate article: Bristol community action resources

See also[edit | edit source]


External links[edit | edit source]


Bristol, Environment in Bristol, Sustrans: British charity promoting sustainable transport with headquarters in Bristol

References[edit | edit source]