Madrid Shared Space, Oct 2009. Attribution: EURIST e.V.
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Location Spain
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Keywords Countries
Authors Phil Green
Published 2014
License CC BY-SA 4.0
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Spain (Spanish: España, [esˈpaɲa] (listen)), formally the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of territory in the Mediterranean Sea, offshore in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Strait of Gibraltar. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, and its insular territory includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, several small islands in the Alboran Sea and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The Spanish territory also includes the African semi-exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñon de Vélez across the Strait of Gibraltar. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second-largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth-largest country by area on the European continent. With a population exceeding 47.4 million, Spain is the sixth-most populous country in Europe, and the fourth-most populous country in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Environment quality[edit | edit source]

Ibiza Limpia keeping Ibiza clean and tidy

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

Aboretum Marbella

Reforestación: Fundación Apadrina un Árbol, Proyecto de reforestación de área quemada en Guadalajara, España - malagareforesta.org Plan municipal de reforestación que incluye proyectos como éste de apadrinamiento de árboles.

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

Decide Madrid - Madrid Listens - Projectefigaro

The anti-austerity movement in Spain, also referred to as the 15-M Movement (Spanish: Movimiento 15-M), and the Indignados Movement, was a series of protests, demonstrations, and occupations against austerity policies in Spain that began around the local and regional elections of 2011 and 2012. First starting on 15 May 2011, many of the subsequent demonstrations spread through various social networks such as Real Democracy NOW (Spanish: Democracia Real YA) and Youth Without a Future (Spanish: Juventud Sin Futuro).

Spanish media related the movement to the 2008–14 Spanish financial crisis, the Arab Spring, as well as demonstrations in North Africa, Iran, Greece, Portugal, and Iceland. The movement was also compared to Stéphane Hessel's political manifesto Time for Outrage!, which was seen to empower Spanish youth not in school, training, or employment. Protestors rallied against high unemployment rates, welfare cuts, politicians, and the two-party system in Spain, as well as the political system, capitalism, banks, and public corruption. Many called for basic rights, of home, work, culture, health and education. The movement transferred to Europe the model of the protest camp which had been formed in the Arab Spring, adapting it to a more countercultural framework. This would later expand until influencing the creation of Occupy Wall Street.

According to RTVE, the Spanish public broadcasting company, between 6.5 and 8 million Spaniards participated in these events.

Community energy[edit | edit source]

Som Energia, Catalunya renewable energy cooperative

Energías renovables: Existen numerosas subvenciones y ayudas para la instalación de tecnologías para energías renovables. Estas dependen del país y la región donde vivas. Puedes informarte en detalle usando webs especializadas en estos temas como Ayudas y Subvenciones & Soliclima o Subvenciones Energía

Port of Bilbao, Spain Wind Park

Wikipedia: El Hierro, Energy: According to the Ministry for Industry, Tourism and Commerce, El Hierro will become the first island in the world to be energy self-sufficient. This will be achieved through a €54 million project combining a greater than 11 megawatt wind farm and two hydroelectric projects. El Hierro is the smallest and farthest south and west of the Canary Islands (an Autonomous Community of Spain), in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa, with a population of 10,162 (2003).

Cycling activism[edit | edit source]

Ciclismo

Conbici.org confederación de asociaciones ciclistas de España y Portugal. Su página contiene noticias e información sobre iniciativas como la creación de una Red Básica ciclista. Entre otras actividades, conbici es miembro del Consejo Superior de Tráfico y Seguridad de la Circulación Vial, en representación del colectivo de ciclistas en la vía pública.

Red de Ciudades por la Bicicleta

Critical Mass bicycle rides in Spain

Sevilla: Sevilla - Sevici

Maps

Red de Carriles Bici de Zaragoza

Education for sustainability[edit | edit source]

Abrazo House, ecological study centre located in the Aras Valley, Cantabria, northern Spain - AVALON Sustainability School

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Network of Urban Gardens of Madrid - Solar cooking resources in Spain

Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]

Reciclaje: Tragamóvil tiene puntos de recogida de móviles por todo España. Visita su web para encontrar los puntos más cercanos a tu domicilio.

Rural sustainability[edit | edit source]

guifi.net

Plan Estratégico Nacional de Desarrollo Rural 2007-2013, 2006

Sustainable livelihood[edit | edit source]

vivir sin empleo

Catalan Integral Cooperative on p2pfoundation.net, The Catalan Integrated Cooperative originally published in Spanish on October 25th 2011

Sustainable transport activism[edit | edit source]

Compartir coche: ¿viajamos juntos? Comunidad para compartir coche en España y Argentina.

Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]

Calafou, postcapitalist ecoindustrial colony - Red Renta Basica (Basic Income Network)

Wikipedia: Mondragon Corporation: corporation and federation of worker cooperatives based in the Basque region of Spain. It was founded in the town of Mondragón in 1956 by graduates of a local technical college. Its first product was paraffin heaters. It is the seventh-largest Spanish company in terms of asset turnover and the leading business group in the Basque Country. At the end of 2012, it employed 80,321 people in 289 companies and organizations in four areas of activity: finance, industry, retail and knowledge. Mondragon cooperatives operate in accordance with Statement on the Co-operative Identity maintained by the International Co-operative Alliance.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

  • Centro de Resiliencia de Aranjuez
  • Ecologistas en Acción (Wikipedia): una confederación más de 300 grupos ecologistas de toda España con una estructura asamblearia y cuya unificación se produjo en diciembre de 1998. Forma parte del llamado ecologismo social, que entiende que los problemas medioambientales tienen su origen en un modelo de producción y consumo cada vez más globalizado e insostenible (productivismo y consumismo), del que derivan también otros problemas sociales; modelo que consideran necesario transformar si se quiere evitar la crisis ecológica. Pretenden asimismo recuperar la conciencia de los límites de la biosfera. Para ello realiza campañas de sensibilización así como denuncias públicas contra aquellas actuaciones que dañan el medio ambiente. Ecologistas en Acción edita además la revista El Ecologista, tomando el relevo de Gaia en 1999.
  • Translations of transition materials
  • #PalmaSostenible on twitter

Community resources[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Los Madriles, Atlas de iniciativas vecinales

Video[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]

see separate article: Spain news

Campaigns[edit | edit source]

Alianza Mar Blava, Ibiza y Formentera zona libre de prospecciones - Ni en Baleares ni en Canarias, Firma para detener las prospecciones de petróleo, Greenpeace España - savecanarias.org, no to oil drilling in the Canary Islands

Near you[edit | edit source]

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Barcelona

See also[edit | edit source]

local information can be found, or shared, via our many location pages


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External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]