This article would be improved by an appropriate photo or image.
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  • The Maasai community that took on the Tanzanian government – and won, Positive News (Jan 11, 2023)

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Communities may develop an interest in Land activism in response to concerns about justice or several challenges such as climate change, environmental degradation, or food or livelihood insecurity.

Agrarian reform and land reform have been a recurring theme of enormous consequence in world history. They are often highly political and have been achieved (or attempted) in many countries.

Land reform is a form of agrarian reform involving the changing of laws, regulations, or customs regarding land ownership. Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural land. Land reform can, therefore, refer to transfer of ownership from the more powerful to the less powerful, such as from a relatively small number of wealthy or noble owners with extensive land holdings (e.g., plantations, large ranches, or agribusiness plots) to individual ownership by those who work the land. Such transfers of ownership may be with or without compensation; compensation may vary from token amounts to the full value of the land.

Land reform may also entail the transfer of land from individual ownership—even peasant ownership in smallholdings—to government-owned collective farms; it has also, in other times and places, referred to the exact opposite: division of government-owned collective farms into smallholdings. The common characteristic of all land reforms, however, is modification or replacement of existing institutional arrangements governing possession and use of land. Thus, while land reform may be radical in nature, such as through large-scale transfers of land from one group to another, it can also be less dramatic, such as regulatory reforms aimed at improving land administration.

Nonetheless, any revision or reform of a country's land laws can still be an intensely political process, as reforming land policies serves to change relationships within and between communities, as well as between communities and the state. Thus even small-scale land reforms and legal modifications may be subject to intense debate or conflict.

Community action projects[edit | edit source]

Community land buyouts[edit | edit source]

Communities can sometimes buy the land they live on and manage them through locally-run trusts. There are many examples of this in Scotland including Eigg, Assynt and Ulva.

Community land trust[edit | edit source]

Main article: Community land trust

A community land trust (CLT) is a nonprofit corporation that holds land on behalf of a place-based community, while serving as the long-term steward for affordable housing, community gardens, civic buildings, commercial spaces and other community assets on behalf of a community. CLTs balance the needs of individuals who want security of tenure in occupying and using land and housing, with the needs of the surrounding community, striving to secure a variety of social purposes such as maintaining the affordability of local housing, preventing the displacement of vulnerable residents, and promoting economic and racial inclusion. Across the world, there is enormous diversity among CLTs in the ways that real property is owned, used, and operated and the ways that the CLT itself is guided and governed by people living on and around a CLT’s land.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Networks[edit | edit source]

The International Land Coalition is a global alliance of civil society and farmers' organisations, United Nations' agencies, NGOs, and research institutes. ILC's stated mission is to "promote secure and equitable access to and control over land for poor women and men through advocacy, dialogue, knowledge sharing, and capacity building". Its vision is that "secure and equitable access to and control over land reduces poverty and contributes to identity, dignity, and inclusion". The ILC aims to build the capacity of its members and partners through people-centred development.

The ILC Secretariat is hosted by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Rome, Italy, and is supported by regional platforms in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Inspiring quotes[edit | edit source]

  • "...sprawling extractive land uses are a lethal threat to the living world. ...unless we count the hectares and decide together how best they should be used, we will lose the struggle to defend the habitable planet." , George Monbiot, Apr 21, 2023[1]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


  • Human disruption to Earth’s freshwater cycle has exceeded the safe limit, our research shows, The Conversation (Jun 27, 2022)
  • Imagine we designed our cities on Seven Generations principles - actively stewarding our places for the future, The Daily Alternative (Jun 26, 2022)

News sources[edit | edit source]

Posts tagged land ownership from, added 18:19, 20 February 2022 (UTC)

Common land[edit | edit source]

Common land is land owned by a person or collectively by a number of persons, over which other persons have certain common rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.

A person who has a right in, or over, common land jointly with another or others is usually called a commoner.

In Great Britain, common land or former common land is usually referred to as a common; for instance, Clapham Common and Mungrisdale Common. Due to enclosure, the extent of common land is now much reduced from the hundreds of square kilometres that existed until the 17th century, but a considerable amount of common land still exists, particularly in upland areas. There are over 8,000 registered commons in England alone.

Land reform and land justice[edit | edit source]

The concepts of justice and equity may be involved in land reform. For example one of The International Land Coalition core values is Justice and Equity. The Coalition strives to overcome practices that marginalise or dis-empower people. This includes applying the principle of gender justice, and recognising the importance of economic justice to address inequality, create opportunity, and overcome poverty and hunger. They also suggest land rights as a pathway out of the climate crisis[2]

See also[edit | edit source]

local information can be found, or shared, via our many location pages

External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Costa Rica restored its ravaged land to health. The rich UK has no excuse for such complete failure, George Monbiot
  2. International Land Coalition

Discussion[View | Edit]

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