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Housing for flood-prone areas
The effects of flooding are traditionally reduced by:
- Building on higher ground
- Building on stilts
- Living on floating houses, or house boats
More modern solutions involve stopping the water from entering the house by blocking all places where water can enter - see Wikipedia:Flood mitigation #Protection of individual properties
Stilts and house boats are the chosen solutions where there is a lack of suitable high ground.
An idea has been proposed for a more high tech solution: "Using a steel dock-like structure and blocks of Styrofoam, a Louisiana professor has designed housing that avoids flood-damage by moving with rising water." This is still at the design stage and it seems like that it would be more expensive, and (being a more complex design) has more to go wrong.
- 'Adaptive' Housing For Flood-Prone Areas, planetizen.com 1 May 2007
- Design and construction of housing for flood-prone rural areas of Bangladesh
- Improving the performance of Indian housing for flood prone urban areas - UNESCO-IHE. Reducing flood damage to houses, e.g. through the use of coal fly ash in concrete.
- http://www.floodresiliencegroup.org/frg/index.php - a UNESCO-IHE site.
- raft building ideas