Glasgow ( GLAHZ-goh, GLAZ-goh; Scots: Glesca or Glesga; Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu) is the most populous city in Scotland and the fourth-most populous city in the United Kingdom, as well as being the 27th largest city by population in Europe. In 2020, it had an estimated population of 635,640. Straddling the border between historic Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City Council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and is governed by Glasgow City Council. It is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands.
Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland, and tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. From the 18th century onwards, the city also grew as one of Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies. With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded rapidly to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian and Edwardian eras.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Glasgow's population grew rapidly, reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938. The population was greatly reduced following comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s which resulted in large-scale relocation of people to designated new towns, such as Cumbernauld, Livingston, East Kilbride and peripheral suburbs, followed by successive boundary changes. Over 985,200 people live in the Greater Glasgow contiguous urban area, while the wider Glasgow City Region is home to over 1,800,000 people, equating to around 33% of Scotland's population. The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2. Natives or inhabitants are known as Glaswegians, and are well known for their distinctive dialect and accent.
Glasgow has the largest economy in Scotland and the third-highest GDP per capita of any city in the UK. Glasgow's major cultural institutions – the Burrell Collection, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Scottish Ballet and Scottish Opera – enjoy international reputations. The city was the European Capital of Culture in 1990 and is notable for its architecture, culture, media, music scene, sports clubs and transport connections. It is the fifth-most visited city in the United Kingdom. The city hosted the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) at its main events venue, the SEC Centre. Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the first European Championships in 2018, and was one of the host cities for UEFA Euro 2020. The city is also well known in the sporting world for football, particularly the Old Firm rivalry between Celtic and Rangers.
Climate action[edit | edit source]
The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, more commonly referred to as COP26, was the 26th United Nations Climate Change conference, held at the SEC Centre in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, from 31 October to 13 November 2021.
In the midst of the conference, on 6 November 2021, a march against inadequate action at the conference, as well as for other climate change-related issues, became the largest protest in Glasgow since anti-Iraq War marches in 2003. Additional rallies took place in 100 other countries.
Ecological restoration[edit | edit source]
- Blue Green Glasgow, community interest company restoring post-industrial land in Glasgow by building wetland, or blue-green, ecosystems for climate adaptation, engaging communities, and the creation of sustainable jobs. Phase-1 of The Govan Wetlands Project uses a wetland ecosystem to capture carbon, rehabilitate soils, and support wildlife. The Govan Wetlands site will feature regenerative farming practices that put nature at the heart of food production and the carbon draw-down as wetlands capture on average 30-times more carbon than rainforests. The project was developed in partnership with the University of Strathclyde, the University of Edinburgh, Positive BioCarbon, Plantimate, GE Current, and Seawater Solutions. The Govan Wetlands project is a part of a wider regeneration of the historic Govan Shipyards which is to include the development of a new sustainable neighbourhood, historic preservation initiatives, and the revitalisation of activities on this long-abandoned site in the heart of Glasgow. , added 16:59, 4 November 2021 (UTC)
Community involvement[edit | edit source]
- Govan Free State, added 16:59, 4 November 2021 (UTC)
Arts, sport and culture[edit | edit source]
- GalGael, working community based in Glasgow. The community works together on demanding common tasks, such as building boats that demonstrate ways of living with more humanity in our times. added 13:42, 26 October 2021 (UTC)
Community energy[edit | edit source]
- Glasgow Community Energy, community-owned renewable energy co-operative – a project developed by local people on a largely voluntary basis over the last six years. In 2020, during the coronavirus lockdown, Glasgow Community Energy successfully installed solar panels on the roofs of two schools in Glasgow:
Community safety[edit | edit source]
Cycling activism[edit | edit source]
South West Community Cycles, added 16:07, 14 May 2020 (UTC)
Food activism[edit | edit source]
- Locavore, added 14:08, 9 November 2021 (UTC)
Land[edit | edit source]
Community Ownership Hub, Glasgow and Clyde Valley, communityownership.scot, "We help communities purchase land and buildings, and promote land reform." A pilot project by Community Land Scotland.
Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]
- Remade Network, affordable community repair services of tech, electrical and textiles items, repair and reuse hubs and kiosks across the city from Govanhill in the South to Cranhill in the East, added 17:42, 3 January 2022 (UTC)
Resources[edit | edit source]
Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]
- Centre for Human Ecology, Education and action for head, heart and hand, added 13:27, 26 October 2021 (UTC)
The Centre for Human Ecology is an independent academic institute based in Glasgow, Scotland. It was founded in 1972 by Conrad Hal Waddington at the University of Edinburgh.
Events[edit | edit source]
Community resources[edit | edit source]
The Bowling Green[edit | edit source]
Govanhill Baths[edit | edit source]
- Govanhill Baths, community hub in the heart of Govanhill
Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]
Maps[edit | edit source]
Travel to Glasgow city centre, arrive by express bus, park and ride, subway, airport bus, train
News and comment[edit | edit source]
- How to capture satellite images in your backyard – and contribute to a snapshot of the climate crisis, The Conversation (Feb 23, 2022)
Locavore, and Glasgow Community Energy, show off the city’s appetite for green businesses, under a global spotlight, Nov 6 
A note to #COP26 delegates in Glasgow: make sure you visit Govan's Centre for Human Ecology, radically eco since 1972, Oct 22 
The repair shop trying to fix throwaway culture, Jul 26 
In Glasgow's Maryhill area, locals demand an eco-housing and sustainable energy development. Will the Council listen? Jan 23 
Scots area sets own currency with ‘Govanhill Pound’, September 24 
Bike-hire scheme to be launched across Glasgow in May, March 18 
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