Open Source 3D-Printable Planetary Roller Screw for Food Processing Applications
|Michigan Tech's Open Sustainability Technology Lab.
Wanted: Students to make a distributed future with solar-powered open-source 3-D printing and recycling.
Pearce Publications: Energy Conservation • Energy Policy • Industrial Symbiosis • Life Cycle Analysis • Materials Science • Open Source • Photovoltaic Systems • Solar Cells • Sustainable Development • Sustainability Education
- Marcello C. Guadagno,Jacob M. Loss and Joshua M. Pearce. Open Source 3D-Printable Planetary Roller Screw for Food Processing Applications. Technologies. 2021; 9(2):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9020024 open access
Historically, open source agriculture (OSA) was based on grassroots technology generally manufactured by hand tools or with manual machining. The rise of distributed digital manufacturing provides an opportunity for much more rapid lateral scaling of open source appropriate technologies for agriculture. However, the most mature distributed manufacturing area is plastic, which has limited use for many OSA applications. To overcome this limitation with design, this study reports on of a completely 3D-printable planetary roller screw linear actuator. The device is designed as a parametric script-based computer aided design (CAD) package to allow for the easy adaption for a number of applications such as food processing at different scales. The planetary roller screw is fabricated in dishwasher-safe polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG) on an open source machine and tested using an open source testing platform to determine if it could maintain a constant load without slipping and the maximum force. Then, this output is compared to a direct screw press using the same materials. The results found that the maximum force is more than doubled for the roller screw actuator using the same materials, making them adequate for some food processing techniques. Future work is outlined to improve the performance and ease of assembly.
Keywords: 3-D printing; additive manufacturing; open hardware; open source; open source hardware; cider press; food processing; roller screw; planetary roller screw; agricultural tools; distributed manufacturing; farm equipment; intensive agriculture; small farms; Open Source Appropriate Technology