Piccadilly Gardens in central Manchester, May 2005. Attribtuion: G-Man.
Location data
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Location Manchester, North West England
Page data
Keywords Cities, UK cities
Authors Phil Green
Published 2014
License CC BY-SA 4.0
Page views 1,686
Climate action data
Reduction date 2038
Climate emergency organization Manchester City Council
Climate emergency declaration July 2019
Climate action plan Greater Manchester 5 Year Environment Plan 2019-24

Manchester () is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country's fifth-largest population at 547,627 (as of 2018) and lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.7 million, third most-populous county, at around 2.8 million, and third-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority for the city is Manchester City Council.

The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. Although historically and traditionally a part of Lancashire, areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated into Manchester in the 20th century. The first to be included, Wythenshawe, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city. Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles (58 km) to the west. Its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. Following successful redevelopment after the IRA bombing, Manchester was the host city for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.

Climate action[edit | edit source]

Climate emergency declared in 2019. Manchester aiming to be a zero-carbon city by 2038.

Environment quality[edit | edit source]

Open spaces[edit | edit source]

Manchester has six designated Local Nature Reserves which are Chorlton Water Park (Wikipedia), Blackley Forest, Clayton Vale and Chorlton Ees, Ivy Green, Boggart Hole Clough (Wikipedia) and Highfield Country Park (Wikipedia).[1]

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

City of Trees, movement to re-invigorate Greater Manchester's landscape by transforming underused, unloved woodland and planting a tree for every man, woman and child who lives there, within a generation

Red Rose Forest, community forest in western and central Greater Manchester, England. It was founded in 1991 and is expected to take 40 years to develop and mature, with the aim of involving communities in safeguarding and creating a woodland flora for the future, and helping preserve the fast disappearing flora of British woodlands. The population within the Forest boundary amounts to 1.5 million, making it the largest urban community forest in the United Kingdom.

The main aim is to get greenery where people can appreciate it every day. This includes street trees, green roofs and green spaces. Red Rose Forest's Green Streets team works with local communities on unique and innovative greening projects to improve the quality of life for urban communities. The value of greening as a means of tackling a range of social, health and economic issues is huge. Red Rose Forest offers many ways for the people to get involved in their environment including the general public through their Friends of the Forest scheme, businesses through sponsorship and communities through the Green Streets project. W

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

People's Plan, an independent public engagement programme, by and for citizens and civil society of Greater Manchester

Community and voluntary action[edit | edit source]

Community energy[edit | edit source]

Bee Sustainable, Bury - Carbon Co-op - Community Energy GM, helping community organizations come together and install renewable energy - Halton Lune Hydro - Moss Community Energy - Saddleworth Community Hydro - St John's Sunshine, Old Trafford

Cycling activism[edit | edit source]

Love Your Bike campaign based in Greater Manchester, co-ordinated by Manchester Friends of the Earth - Critical Mass bicycle rides in Manchester


Mad Cycle Lanes of Manchester

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]

Recycle for Greater Manchester

Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]

Steady State Manchester, for local prosperity, justice & ecological safety


The Viable Economy steadystatemanchester

Resources[edit | edit source]

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

  • Wigan CAN on twitter, Citizens & Neighbours of Wigan, Members of

Neighbourhood Demcracy Movement

  • Merci, ideas into action for a sustainable future

Apps for sustainability[edit | edit source]

Recycle for Greater Manchester Phone App

Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]

DataGM, freeing Greater Manchester's public data

Funding[edit | edit source]

#MakeMCR - Rusholme Soup

Research[edit | edit source]

  • Greater Manchester Poverty Commission findings published January 2013, calls for special measures which will assist more than 600,000 Greater Manchester residents who are experiencing the effects of extreme poverty. In addition, calls for action to prevent nearly 1.6 million people (nearly half the population of Greater Manchester) sliding in to deeper poverty.

Video[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


How can cities that rely on consumption recover from the pandemic, while reducing emissions? Here's some good ideas. Mar 24 [2]


Boardman shows path to break cycle of Manchester's car commuter hell, Tanya Aldred, Jan 13 [3]

Local councils heading for fracking showdown with government. Greater Manchester tells firms they are not welcome, Jan 4 [4]


Greater Manchester is set to radically overhaul the way it delivers public services, Nov 29 [5]

Oldham's Community Transformation, Nov 14 [6]

Greater Manchester is setting out its ambitions to become one of the leading green city-regions in the UK and Europe, at today's inaugural Green Summit, Mar 21 [7]


Mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham has announced Chris Boardman as Greater Manchester's first-ever Cycling and Walking Commissioner, Jul 28 [8]

Urban trees breathe life into Salford street, May 17 [9]

Project aims to grow a 'city of trees', Jan 21 [10]


An idea for Manchester's new mayor: let the people decide where the cash goes, Oct 17 [11]


Manchester cycles in Copenhagen's tracks, October 22 [12]


Rochdale Borough starts construction of the UK's 'first publicly owned solar farm', September 22 [13]


How a Manchester co-op is getting the food revolution moving, June 20 [14]

News sources

Platform, The everyday portal for sharing knowledge and intelligence on sustainability across Greater Manchester.

Events[edit | edit source]


May 17 - Achieving a viable economy – is community business the answer? by Steady State Manchester, eventbrite.com


September 12 - 13 - Open Eco homes, Carbon Coop

September 12 - Open Day Saddleworth Community Hydro


External links[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia: Manchester, Greater Manchester, Manchester Congestion Charge, Greater Manchester Transport Innovation Fund

References[edit | edit source]