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Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county and combined authority area in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million; comprising ten metropolitan boroughs: Manchester, Salford, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan. The county was created on 1 April 1974, as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011. Greater Manchester is formed of parts of the historic counties of Cheshire, Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire.
Greater Manchester spans 493 square miles (1,277 km2), which roughly covers the territory of the Greater Manchester Built-up Area, the second most populous urban area in the UK. Though geographically landlocked, it is connected to the sea by the Manchester Ship Canal which is still open to shipping in Salford and Trafford. Greater Manchester borders the ceremonial counties of Cheshire (to the south-west and south), Derbyshire (to the south-east), West Yorkshire (to the north-east), Lancashire (to the north) and Merseyside (to the west). There is a mix of high-density urban areas, suburbs, semi-rural and rural locations in Greater Manchester, but land use is mostly urban—the product of concentric urbanisation and industrialisation which occurred mostly during the 19th century when the region flourished as the global centre of the cotton industry. It has a focused central business district, formed by Manchester city centre and the adjoining city of Salford and Borough of Trafford, but Greater Manchester is also a polycentric county with ten metropolitan districts, each district is concentrated around a large town or a city (Manchester and Salford being the only cities). These districts contain suburbs, towns and villages for each city and town.
Climate action[edit | edit source]
Climate emergency declared in 2019. Manchester aiming to be a zero-carbon city by 2038.
- Zero Carbon Manchester, Manchester City Council, History of Climate Change in Manchester, Manchester City Council
- Manchester Climate Change
Climate change solutions[edit | edit source]
People Powered Retrofit, retrofit.coop, not-for-profit service for householders in Greater Manchester, offering clear, independent advice. added 12:36, 22 October 2021 (UTC)
Environment quality[edit | edit source]
- Mersey Rivers Trust, added 14:25, 28 April 2021 (UTC)
Open spaces[edit | edit source]
Manchester has six designated Local Nature Reserves which are Chorlton Water Park (Wikipedia), Blackley Forest, Clayton Vale and Chorlton Ees, Ivy Green, Boggart Hole Clough (Wikipedia) and Highfield Country Park (Wikipedia).
Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]
City of Trees, movement to re-invigorate Greater Manchester's landscape by transforming underused, unloved woodland and planting a tree for every man, woman and child who lives there, within a generation
Red Rose Forest, community forest in western and central Greater Manchester, England. It was founded in 1991 and is expected to take 40 years to develop and mature, with the aim of involving communities in safeguarding and creating a woodland flora for the future, and helping preserve the fast disappearing flora of British woodlands. The population within the Forest boundary amounts to 1.5 million, making it the largest urban community forest in the United Kingdom.
The main aim is to get greenery where people can appreciate it every day. This includes street trees, green roofs and green spaces. Red Rose Forest's Green Streets team works with local communities on unique and innovative greening projects to improve the quality of life for urban communities. The value of greening as a means of tackling a range of social, health and economic issues is huge. Red Rose Forest offers many ways for the people to get involved in their environment including the general public through their Friends of the Forest scheme, businesses through sponsorship and communities through the Green Streets project. W
Community involvement[edit | edit source]
People's Plan, an independent public engagement programme, by and for citizens and civil society of Greater Manchester
Community and voluntary action[edit | edit source]
- Manchester Community Central, added 14:22, 18 May 2021 (UTC)
Community energy[edit | edit source]
Bee Sustainable, Bury - Carbon Co-op - Community Energy GM, helping community organizations come together and install renewable energy - Halton Lune Hydro - Moss Community Energy - Saddleworth Community Hydro - St John's Sunshine, Old Trafford
Cycling activism[edit | edit source]
Ethical consumerism[edit | edit source]
The Dispensary, Salford, thedispensarysalford.com, zero waste shop & community hub also selling fresh fruit and veg. added 08:44, 22 October 2021 (UTC)
Food activism[edit | edit source]
- The Kindling Trust, kindling.org.uk, added 17:37, 11 February 2021 (UTC)
- Abundance Manchester, voluntary project which picks surplus or unwanted fruit from gardens and public trees around South Manchester and distributes it to local groups and communities
- Food Futures
- Hulme Community Garden centre
- Incredible Edible Prestwich and District
- Incredible Edible Salford on facebook
- Manchester Veg People, multi-stakeholder co-operative of local organic growers and buyers who are working together to help develop a new model for the local food supply chain
- Sow the City
Housing and land[edit | edit source]
- Who owns the City? The privatisation of public land in Manchester, By Greater Manchester Housing Action, May 10, 2021
Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]
Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]
Steady State Manchester, for local prosperity, justice & ecological safety
The Viable Economy steadystatemanchester