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Location Bangladesh, South Asia
  • News Reverse in endangered fish’s slide to extinction helped by Indigenous effort in Bangladesh, (Jan 19, 2024)

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Sea level rise[edit | edit source]

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Coastal Cities' Futures Depend on Today’s Climate Decisions
Authors: climatecentral, Oct 12, 2021

Societies can adapt to sea level rise in three different ways: implement managed retreat, accommodate coastal change, or protect against sea level rise through hard-construction practices like seawalls or soft approaches such as dune rehabilitation and beach nourishment. Sometimes these adaptation strategies go hand in hand, but at other times choices have to be made among different strategies. For some human environments, such as so called sinking cities, adaptation to sea level rise may be compounded by other environmental issues such as subsidence. Natural ecosystems typically adapt to rising sea levels by moving inland; however, they might not always be able to do so, due to natural or artificial barriers. W


Land projected to be below annual flood level in 2030 and beyond,

Sea Level Rise, information from

Climate action[edit | edit source]

Boat Schools
Authors: UN Environment Programme, Nov 5, 2009

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

Dolphin of the Bay of Bengal
Authors: Abdullah Al Muyid, Feb 27, 2011


Environment quality[edit | edit source]

'Let's Clean Bangladesh' – a regular program of The Dhaka Project - Wikipedia: Floods in Bangladesh, Water supply and sanitation in Bangladesh, Water management in Dhaka

Communities online[edit | edit source]

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The InfoLadies of Bangladesh carry a netbook computer and medical supplies on their bicycle and cycle from village to village dail, giving millions of poor people access to crucial information to improve their health and lives.

They use information from the internet info to teach hygiene, help in childbirth, share information about common health problems and crops, and more.

Community energy[edit | edit source]

2040 Decentralised Energy: SOLshare
Authors: SOLshare, May 13, 2020
SOLshare's Impact video: Consumer Insights
Authors: SOLshare, Oct 15, 2018
Solar Home Systems in Bangladesh
Authors: UNECOSOC, May 19, 2012

Wind power[edit | edit source]

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2009-09-19 pcp02.jpg

Wind energy or wind power is being used in Bangladesh to combat the country's dependence on Natural Gas.[1] Grameen Shakti[1] plans to make renovations for the wind powered plants on the coastal areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh's Local Government Engineering Department established that the annual wind speed in the coastal belt ranges from 2.96 meters per second to 4.54 meters per second.[2]

With 90 percent of Bangladesh's electricity produced by natural gas, an alternative energy like wind power is being considered. Wind energy is cleaner and cheaper to maintain and does not create as much pollution as natural gas. Bangladesh has a 724 kilometer long coastline and also has many small islands that are capable of collecting strong winds provided by it's northeast region and winter month breezes.[3]

Food activism[edit | edit source]

School gardening[edit | edit source]

UN Joint Project in Bangladesh
Authors: FAO Video, Feb 13, 2012

Small-scale fish farming in Bangladesh[edit | edit source]

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For many people in Bangladesh small-scale fish farming is an important opportunity to generate income and is a significant nutritional source providing protein-rich food all year round. It comprises of a range of options that can be adapted to suit the needs and capacity of people living in rural Bangladesh.

The two approaches commonly implemented on a small scale are:

  • Local pond fish farming
  • Open water fish farming in lakes, rivers, dams and reservoirs

The benefit to low-income farmers is that they are able to invest in fish cultivation when there is sufficient income, which will then be able to generate additional income and food when other sources of income are limited.

Much of Bangladesh is flooded annually during the monsoon season as water flows into the country through the Ganga (Ganges), Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers. This provides an extensive range of habitats for wild and cultivated fish species. Fish catches are highest after the monsoon rains when supplies of other foods, such as rice, are low. With so much water, fishing plays a vital role in the economy of rural villages.

Social inclusion[edit | edit source]

Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]

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The Grameen Bank of Bangladesh is a pioneer in microfinance - not only microcredit, but savings and other services.

It is now a very large member-owned company with many subsidiary businesses.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Wikimedia Atlas of Bangladesh

Research[edit | edit source]

Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies

About Bangladesh[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia W icon.svg

Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ, romanized: Bāṅlādeś, pronounced [ˈbaŋlaˌdeʃ] ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world and is among the most densely populated countries with a population of nearly 170 million in an area of 148,460 square kilometres (57,320 sq mi). Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the north, west, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast. To the south, it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor, and from China by the mountainous Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's political, financial, and cultural centre. Chittagong, the second-largest city, is the busiest port on the Bay of Bengal. Khulna, Rajshahi and Sylhet are other major cities. The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali.

Bangladesh forms the sovereign part of the historic and ethnolinguistic region of Bengal, which was divided during the Partition of India in 1947 as part of majority-Muslim Pakistan, which it gained independence from in 1971. The country has a Bengali Muslim majority. Ancient Bengal was known as Gangaridai and was a bastion of pre-Islamic kingdoms. Muslim conquests after 1204 heralded the sultanate and Mughal periods, during which an independent Bengal Sultanate and a wealthy Mughal Bengal transformed the region into an important centre of regional affairs, trade, and diplomacy. After 1757, Bengal's administrative jurisdiction reached its greatest extent under the Bengal Presidency of the British Empire. The creation of Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905 set a precedent for the emergence of Bangladesh. In 1940, the first Prime Minister of Bengal, A. K. Fazlul Huq, supported the Lahore Resolution. Before the partition of Bengal, a Bengali sovereign state was first proposed by premier H. S. Suhrawardy. A referendum and the announcement of the Radcliffe Line established the present-day territorial boundary.

In 1947, East Bengal became the most populous province in the Dominion of Pakistan. It was renamed as East Pakistan, with Dhaka becoming the country's legislative capital. The Bengali Language Movement in 1952; the East Bengali legislative election, 1954; the 1958 Pakistani coup d'état; the six point movement of 1966; and the 1970 Pakistani general election resulted in the rise of Bengali nationalism and pro-democracy movements. The refusal of the Pakistani military junta to transfer power to the Awami League, led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The Mukti Bahini, aided by India, waged a successful armed revolution. The conflict saw the Bangladesh genocide and the massacre of pro-independence Bengali civilians, including intellectuals. The new state of Bangladesh became the first constitutionally secular state in South Asia in 1972. Islam was declared the state religion in 1988. In 2010, the Bangladesh Supreme Court reaffirmed secular principles in the constitution.

A middle power in the Indo-Pacific, Bangladesh is home to the sixth-most spoken language in the world, the third-largest Muslim-majority population in the world, and the second-largest economy in South Asia. It maintains the third-largest military in the region and is the largest contributor of personnel to UN peacekeeping operations. Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary republic based on the Westminster system. Bengalis make up 99% of the total population. The country consists of eight divisions, 64 districts and 495 subdistricts, as well as the world's largest mangrove forest. It hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world due to the Rohingya genocide.

Bangladesh faces many challenges, particularly corruption, political instability, overpopulation and effects of climate change. Bangladesh has been a leader within the Climate Vulnerable Forum. It hosts the headquarters of BIMSTEC. It is a founding member of the SAARC, as well as a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Nations.

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References[edit | edit source]

FA info icon.svgAngle down icon.svgPage data
Keywords countries
Authors Phil Green
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 6 pages link here
Aliases Bangladesh
Impact 1,206 page views
Created February 11, 2007 by Chris Watkins
Modified January 26, 2024 by Phil Green
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