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Location Kenya, Africa
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Keywords Countries
Published by Phil Green
Published 2013
License CC BY-SA 4.0

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people, Kenya is the 29th most populous country. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret. As of 2020, Kenya is the third largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. W

Kenya community action[edit | edit source]

Sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

  • OTEPIC, Organic Technology Extension and Promotion of Initiative Centre
  • The Green Belt Movement, The Green Belt Movement (GBM) is an indigenous grassroots non-governmental organization based in Nairobi, Kenya that takes a holistic approach to development by focusing on environmental conservation, community development and capacity building. Professor Wangari Maathai established the organization in 1977, under the auspices of the National Council of Women of Kenya.
The Green Belt Movement organises women in rural Kenya to plant trees, combat deforestation, restore their main source of fuel for cooking, generate income, and stop soil erosion. Maathai has incorporated advocacy and empowerment for women, eco-tourism, and just economic development into the Green Belt Movement.
Since Maathai started the movement in 1977, over 51 million trees have been planted. Over 30,000 women trained in forestry, food processing, bee-keeping, and other trades that help them earn income while preserving their lands and resources. Communities in Kenya (both men and women) have been motivated and organised to both prevent further environmental destruction and restore that which has been damaged.
In 2004, Wangari Maathai received the Nobel Peace Prize – becoming the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize – for her work with the Green Belt Movement. W

Local sustainability initiatives[edit source]

Please see our Local communities in Kenya pages, where of course you can share any more information you may have about local sustainability initiatives.

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

PORINI Welfare Association, Kenya based non-profit organization

Darwin initiative projects in Kenya

News and comment


Nashulai: The community trying to conserve Kenya's wildlife, Jan 29 [1]

Communities online[edit | edit source]

Ushahidi, youtube: Ushahidi's channel

Ushahidi, Inc. is a non-profit software company that develops free and open-source software (LGPL) for information collection, visualisation, and interactive mapping. Ushahidi (Swahili for "testimony" or "witness") created a website in the aftermath of Kenya's disputed 2007 presidential election that collected eyewitness reports of violence reported by email and text message and placed them on a Google Maps map.

The organisation uses the concept of crowdsourcing for social activism and public accountability, serving as an initial model for what has been coined as "activist mapping"—the combination of social activism, citizen journalism and geospatial information. Ushahidi offers products that enable local observers to submit reports using their mobile phones or the internet, while simultaneously creating a temporal and geospatial archive of events. W

Community and voluntary action[edit | edit source]

Taka Nimali is a community action that rewards Kenyas to clean up plastic waste for recycling. The grassroots organisation provides recycling points, making it easy for collectors to exchange plastic trash for money.

Art Outreach Programme

Community currencies activism[edit | edit source]

Koru Kenya

Community energy[edit | edit source]

Geothermal power in Kenya W

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Permaculture Research Institute Kenya - Laikipia Permaculture Centre

Solar cooking resources in Kenya

Blogs: Share Organic Live

Social inclusion[edit | edit source]

Koru Kenya

Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]

After the Kenyan elections (Oct 2017), the charity GiveDirectly plans to initiate a 12-year randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing the effects of universal basic income on villages in rural Kenya.[2]

basic income, GiveDirectly

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

Roots Movement

Resources[edit | edit source]

Apps for sustainability[edit | edit source]


Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]

Mzalendo, detailed Members of Parliament (MP) profiles, a searchable Hansard, scorecards and vital statistics of most counties and constituencies.[3]

Open data: Open Kenya, making public government data accessible to the people of Kenya.

Video[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


Nashulai: The community trying to conserve Kenya's wildlife, Jan 29 [4]


Mapping local knowledge to regenerate lands in climate-changed times, Nov 29 [5]


Seeing and using our own resources, Feb 26 [6]

Thriving communities and thriving ecosystems through the bee, Jan 22 [7]


Grassroots Economics: Complementary Currencies for community resilience in Kenya, Feb 22 [8]


Solar Power Helps Raise Income Levels In Kenya, Dec 17 [9]

The world's largest experiment in giving people free money launches in October — here's how it'll work, Sep 26 [10]


How I turned Sh150,000 savings into a 16 Million farming business, November 22 [11]

Africa's largest windfarm set to connect remote Kenya to the grid, Ocotber 9 [12]

Young Kenyan Sees Permaculture Seeding Peace, August 19 [13]

Kenyan Pastoralists Fighting Climate Change Through Food Forests [14] July 30

The startup that's powering rural Africa with affordable, smart microgrids, May 13 [15]


86.5 percent of the new jobs in Kenya last year were off-the-books and informal.[16]

Kenya to generate over half of its electricity through solar power by 2016,[17] January 17


Africa's largest Geothermal Power Station, Olkaria generates over 150 Megawatts (MW) into the national grid, with Kenya aiming for 1200 MW by 2018,[18] April 2


2010 SEED Award Winners,[19] 3 November

"Backpack Farm Agriculture Program". This initiative enables food autonomy for rural communities by providing small landholders with a dynamic set of agricultural tools, comprehensive training and monitoring - delivered and distributed in a canvas backpack.

"Papyrus Reeds, Our Future Hope" is a sustainable enterprise that harvests and processes papyrus reeds and crafts them into high-quality baskets, purses, carpets, chairs, sleeping mats and blankets, using the waste as natural manure. Community-based youth organizations and a local research institution implement the initiative.

"Solanterns: Replacing 1 Million Kerosene Lanterns with 1 Million Solar Lanterns". The partners of this innovative initiative are a private company, a local NGO and a microfinance institution that provide economic, environmental and health benefits to both rural and urban households by sourcing and distributing solar lanterns and training youth micro-entrepreneurs.

"Community-Based Medicinal Plant Enterprise for Biodiversity Conservation". This pioneering enterprise initiated by a community-based organisation and national and international government and research institutions generates alternative means of income and awareness for the value of biodiversity within rural communities based on the commercial cultivation and processing of indigenous medicinal plants.

"Village Cereal Aggregation Centres (VCAC)". A local commercial entity has joined forces with the national government, the financial sector and cereal buyers to establish mobile post-harvest management centres in villages - enabling farmers to deliver high-quality grain to the market value chain and encouraging more participation of youth in cereal production.

"EcoPost - Fencing Posts from Recycled Post-Consumer Waste Plastic". International and national NGOs have launched this unique initiative to recycle waste plastic into aesthetic, durable and environmentally-friendly fencing posts and consequently reduce plastic litter on streets and open fields. By providing an alternative fencing material to traditional wood, EcoPost contributes towards the conservation of forests.

"Commercialization of Prosopis Juliflora Products from Affected Areas". A local community-based NGO, the FAO and a Kenyan company and research institute have mobilized efforts to control the undesirable spread of the Prosopis tree by promoting its commercial use as charcoal, timber and pods for livestock feed. The development of a sustainable national market will maximize returns to local communities.

20,000 tree seedlings planted in the Kiptunga area of the Mau Forest Complex, Kenya, 15 January,[20] January 15. Mau, the largest indigenous forest in East Africa and Kenya's most vital water tower, covers some 270,000 hectares. After Mau, restoration will also take place in Mt. Kenya, Aberdares, Mt. Elgon and the rest of Kenya's forests and water catchment areas with the aim of increasing the forest cover from the current 1.7 percent to 10 percent by the year 2020.


Kenya aiming to restore vital Mau forest,[21] September 9

Kenya to build Africa's biggest windfarm,[22] July 27

Kenya: Devastating drought worsens human-wildlife conflict,[23] July 20. Kenya is experiencing the worst drought in more than a decade according to the country's meteorological department. This drought has been felt throughout the country, but it is more visible among the Maasai community who's primary source of livelihood is cattle.

2009 SEED Award Winners,[24] May 12

"MakaaZingira" produces FSC certified charcoal for conservation and livelihood creation. A national NGO, a community-based organisation and a small business network aim to establish a sustainable eco-charcoal production model, helping small scale farmers to replace unsustainable practices while also bringing social benefits.

"Integrated plastics recovery and recycling flagship project". A project carried out by a large and a small business in partnership with a national NGO, aiming to offer the most viable option to recycling of dirty polythenes into plastic poles. It works to improve and strengthen livelihood assets for poor and marginalised youth and women.

Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia: "Sunny Money - solar micro-franchising". International NGOs and community-based organizations in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia have created a micro-franchise named Sunny Money, which recruits, trains and supports a growing network of solar entrepreneurs in East Africa, especially deaf and disabled people, helping them build and sell solar kits to power lights, radios and mobile phones.

Extensive forest fires are affecting several of Kenya's key moisture reservoirs including the 400,000-hectare Mau Forest Complex, Kenya's largest forest and the source of water for at least twelve rivers.[25] March 25. Important Rift Valley Lakes, including Lake Victoria, the source of the River Nile, depend on the rivers which are fed from the forest. Noor Hassan Noor, the Rift Valley Provincial Commissioner said that between 25 and 35 per cent of the eastern Mau forest has been lost so far as a result of the fire


Linking sport and the environment to the peace and poverty agenda in Kenya,[26] June 18

Environmental issues[edit | edit source]

Environmental issues in Kenya include deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, water shortage and degraded water quality, flooding, poaching, and domestic and industrial pollution. W

Local communities in Kenya[edit | edit source]


External links[edit | edit source]

Kenya W, Kenya Electricity Generating Company W

References[edit | edit source]