Kentucky (US: kən-TUK-ee, UK: ken-), officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States and one of the states of the Upper South. Kentucky borders Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to the north, West Virginia to the northeast, Virginia to the east, Tennessee to the south, and Missouri to the west. Its northern border is defined by the Ohio River. Its capital is Frankfort and its largest city is Louisville. Its population was approximately 4.5 million in 2020.
Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]
Youth initiatives[edit | edit source]
Open spaces[edit | edit source]
Kentucky hosts multiple habitats with a high number of endemic species, including some of the most extensive cave systems in the world. 102 species are known to be endemic to the state. The Bluegrass region, which is believed to have once been a lush open woodland environment similar to oak savanna with abundant thickets of river cane, a species of bamboo, was once described by E. Lucy Braun as having the most "anomalous" plant life of the whole Eastern United States. Kentucky's natural environment has suffered greatly from destructive human activities that began after European colonization, particularly the conversion of natural habitat to farmland and coal mining.
Kentucky has an expansive park system, which includes one national park, two National Recreation Areas, two National Historic Parks, two national forests, two National Wildlife Refuges, 45 state parks, 37,896 acres (153 km2) of state forest, and 82 wildlife management areas.
Kentucky has been part of two of the most successful wildlife reintroduction projects in United States history. In the winter of 1997, the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources began to re-stock elk in the state's eastern counties, which had been extirpated from the area for over 150 years. As of 2009, the herd had reached the project goal of 10,000 animals, making it the largest herd east of the Mississippi River.
The state also stocked wild turkeys in the 1950s. There were reported to be fewer than 900 at one point. Once nearly extinct here, wild turkeys thrive throughout today's Kentucky. Hunters officially reported a record 29,006 birds taken during the 23-day season in spring 2009.
In 1991 the Land Between the Lakes partnered with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for the Red Wolf Recovery Program, a captive breeding program.
Community and voluntary action[edit | edit source]
Kentuckians For The Commonwealth, grassroots social justice organization with more than 8,000 members. Though statewide, KFTC has deep roots in eastern Kentucky where coal mining remains the dominant industry. KFTC is a multi-issue organization of working-class families, with a history of working for land reform and environmental justice. W
Cycling[edit | edit source]
U.S. Bicycle Route 76 (USBR 76) is a cross-country bicycle route east of Colorado in the United States. It is one of the two original U.S. Bicycle Routes, the other being U.S. Bicycle Route 1. USBR 76 runs from the Midwestern state of Kansas to the eastern seaboard state of Virginia. It is also known as the TransAmerica Bike Route and is contained within the TransAmerica Bicycle Trail.
A spur, U.S. Bicycle Route 176, was established in Virginia in 2016.
In the state of Kentucky, USBR 76 is signed, and a map is available as part of a state bicycle tours publication.
Food activism[edit | edit source]
Sustainable transport activism[edit | edit source]
Wikipedia: Hiking trails in Kentucky (category)
Urban sustainability[edit | edit source]
Curb'd, Covington. Promotes walkability, connectivity, and placemaking and to showcase the region's design talent through quasi-temporary public installations.
Resources[edit | edit source]
Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]
News and comment[edit | edit source]
Whimsical Parklets Promote Walkability in Covington, Kentucky, Jul 4
More news of local food success in Kentucky, July 6
First official Trail Town in eastern Kentucky wants to develop economy around designation, March 25