Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] ) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) of the Carpathian Basin, it is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Hungary has a population of 9.7 million, mostly ethnic Hungarians and a significant Romani minority. Hungarian, the official language, is the world's most widely spoken Uralic language and among the few non-Indo-European languages widely spoken in Europe. Budapest is the country's capital and largest city; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs, and Győr.

The territory of present-day Hungary has historically been a crossroads for various peoples, including Celts, Romans, Huns, Ottoman Turks, Germanic tribes, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundation of the Hungarian state was established in the late 9th century by the conquest of the Carpathian Basin by Hungarian Grand Prince Álmos and his son Árpád. His great-grandson King Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. The medieval Kingdom of Hungary was a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, it was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541–1699). Hungary came under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, later joining with the Austrian Empire to form Austria-Hungary, a major power into the early 20th century.

Open spaces[edit | edit source]

Hungary has 10 national parks, 145 minor nature reserves, and 35 landscape protection areas. W

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

Phytogeographically, Hungary belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Hungary belongs to the terrestrial ecoregion of Pannonian mixed forests. It had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 2.25/10, ranking it 156th globally out of 172 countries. W

Cycling activism[edit | edit source]


Resources[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


Cutting energy consumption in Budapest, Jan 16[1]


How much having a "place" for hubsters makes a difference? Jul 21[2]

Soil that connects us, Jul 18[3]

Making local dreams come true by supporting local initiatives with Pro Action Cafés and seed money, Jul 17[4]

A story across Transition borders, How the "green" and the "marginalized" can become allies, Jul 15[5]

Talking about REconomy in Hungary, Jul 12[6]

Make universities, students and communities work together – a how-to, Jun 27[7]

Experimental Community Organising – Transition Hungary, Jun 22[8]


A her-story of Transition Wekerle: an experience of local community activism in Hungary, Dec 14[9]


'Small is Powerful': Transition in action in Hungary. September 14[10]

Cargo bike centre in Budapest promotes sustainable transport solutions and environmentally-conscious business models, June 1[11]

Last month the do-it-yourself non-profit bicycle cooperative Cyclonomia teamed up with an organic vegetable farm called Zsámboki Biokert and Kantaa a mainly cargobike-focused bike messenger enterprise to cooperate in work and build communities upon the ideas they believe in. Cargonomia is aimed not to be only a fruitful business co-op but also an example to promote environmentally conscious transport and food production solutions to citizens and businesses.
The model leans on the distribution of bio food grown in farms near Budapest to costumers in the city on cargo bikes which are maintained and built by the Cyclonomia community.
Cargonomia also plans to be a logistics centre for sustainable urban transport solutions where community members can borrow, rent and buy locally manufactured cargo bikes.
As a community centre they are planning numerous activities such as cultural events, workshops, discussions on DiY culture, sustainable transitions and the idea of degrowth.
The centre which was opened in May was acquired through the 'Lakatlan' project of KÉK (Contemporary Architecture Centre) which aims to revitalise empty buildings, shops and properties in Budapest with community activities and businesses.
Cargonomia finds it important to promote concrete alternatives to standard profit-driven social and economic systems.

The Budapest bike movement is back and bigger than ever, May 17[12]

How a house with 120 flats turned its concrete-covered courtyard into a lovely garden, March 8[13]


Fir­­­­­st solar train makes way while sun shines, September 11[14]


Hungarian Parliamentary Commissioner for Future Generations,[15] Kaihsu Tai, February 26

The Invisible Marsh,[16] January 26. Marietta Le reports on the story of one of Hungary's most successful citizen campaigns, whose goal is to save an endangered marsh by preventing an allegedly illegal expansion of a shopping center.

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