The Gambia, officially the Republic of The Gambia, is a country in West Africa. It is the smallest country within mainland Africa and is surrounded by Senegal, except for its western coast on the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia is situated on both sides of the lower reaches of the Gambia River, the nation's namesake, which flows through the centre of the Gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean, thus the long shape of the country. It has an area of 11,300 square kilometres (4,400 sq mi) with a population of 1,857,181 as of the April 2013 census. Banjul is the Gambian capital and the country's largest metropolitan area, while the largest cities are Serekunda and Brikama.
The Gambia's economy is dominated by farming, fishing, and especially, tourism. In 2015, 48.6% of the population lived in poverty. In rural areas, poverty was even more widespread, at almost 70%.
News and comment[edit | edit source]
- African countries must protect their fish stocks from the European Union - here’s how, The Conversation (Feb 15, 2022)
Helping a rural Gambian community to get cycling, Apr 20
Samba Faal, the mayor of Banjul, capital of Gambia, observed that a one metre rise in sea level near his city would result in a fifty percent loss in landmass coverage. Since most of Banjul is one metre below sea level, such a scenario would pose a serious threat to human settlements, health and food security, February 27
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