Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces called voivodeships, covering an area of 312,696 km2 (120,733 sq mi). Poland has a population of 38 million and is the fifth-most populous member state of the European Union. Warsaw is the nation's capital and largest metropolis. Other major cities include Kraków, Wrocław, Łódź, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Poland has a temperate transitional climate and its territory traverses the Central European Plain, extending from Baltic Sea in the north to Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains in the south. The longest Polish river is the Vistula, and Poland's highest point is Mount Rysy, situated in the Tatra mountain range of the Carpathians. The country is bordered by Lithuania and Russia to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west. It also shares maritime boundaries with Denmark and Sweden.
Climate action[edit | edit source]
See List of climate assemblies, Poland
Community energy[edit | edit source]
Wind power[edit | edit source]
Wind power is a growing source of electricity in Poland. In 2019, wind was the second most important source of electricity produced in Poland, after coal, and accounted for about 10% of the electricity production.
Solar power[edit | edit source]
Solar energy in Poland includes the production of solar thermal energy and solar photovoltaics. Solar thermal, used for heating water, used 1,700,000 square metres (18,000,000 sq ft) of installed solar thermal collectors at the end of 2014. This corresponds to about 1,200 MWth capacity. Solar collectors are the second largest source of renewable heat in Poland, after biomass heating plants. In 2014, Poland was ranked fourth in sales of solar collector installations among European countries.
The total solar photovoltaics (PV) grid-connected capacity in Poland was 12,509 MW as of 31 January 2023.
Cycling activism[edit | edit source]
Critical Mass bicycle rides in Poland - studentbikesinternational.com
Environment quality[edit | edit source]
ClairCity, Eu project about air pollution and CO2 emissions in cities, putting the power in the hands of residents to determine the best local solutions.
Rural sustainability[edit | edit source]
International Coalition to Protect the Polish Countryside
Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]
Campaigns: STOP destruction of the Białowieza Forest!
Ecoregions in Poland[edit | edit source]
Poland has a humid temperate climate, and falls within two terrestrial biomes, temperate broadleaf and mixed forests and temperate coniferous forests.
Most of Poland's natural vegetation is deciduous woodlands of the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome. Poland has three temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregions:
- The Central European mixed forests ecoregion covers the largest portion of Poland, spanning from Lithuania to Romania, and from Germany to western Russia.
- Northwestern Poland is in the Baltic mixed forests ecoregion, which also includes the Baltic Sea coastal regions of northeastern Germany, eastern Denmark, and southern Sweden.
- The Western European broadleaf forests ecoregion extends into southwestern Poland (PA0445), covering the Polish portion of the Sudetes mountains.
The southeastern portion of Poland, lying in the Carpathian Mountains, is within the Carpathian montane conifer forests ecoregion, part of the temperate coniferous forests biome. W
Urban sustainability[edit | edit source]
Poland: Opening the heart of the city
In the heart of Warsaw, tucked away in the lush green tangles where John Lennon Street meets Jazdów, lies a community of small rural houses. Established by the USSR in 1945 as a part of Finnish war reparations, they form an enticing island of tranquility in the capital's urban landscape, and a living monument to the city's 20th century history. Yet in recent years, city officials have decided that they would rather replace this area with the glass skyscrapers so typical of large city centres. In response to this, social activists responded by organising Otwarty Jazdów (Open Jazdów), a grassroots initiative that includes current and former Jazdów residents, community organizations, local activists and young politicians trying to stop the demolition of the houses by promoting Jazdow as a common space for the city's inhabitants. It is a process that is similar to what activists are doing in the neglected, formerly industrial Ursus district. Starting in 2012, people in this district have been organising actions that criticise the urban decay it has been subjected to, informing the public of residents' unmet needs and promoting the district's history through the bottom-up creation of a Social Museum. As each of these campaigns uses the institutional and grassroots tools at their disposal in their disputes with city officials, Radical Democracy: Reclaiming the Commons will help amplify their message so that they can achieve their goals.
Resources[edit | edit source]
Maps[edit | edit source]
Sustainable energy: Interactive map of #solar installations we've done this year: Instalacje OZE Greenpeace, Greenpeace Polska
News and comment[edit | edit source]
New Municipalism in Poland, Feb 17
Free public transport as smog covers Warsaw, Dec 15
Will no one stop Poland destroying Europe's most precious forest? Apr 3
Polish government backs small farmers' and food sovereignty, January 25
Poland air pollution: Why Krakow's domestic coal ban is a big deal, January 21
Almost everyone in Poland wants more renewables, October 22
Is the world's greatest green roof in Warsaw? Joe Peach, April 21
Clean Up the World weekend 2010: From the Baltic coast to the Kampinoski National Park in east-central Poland, Our Earth Foundation will lead thousands of volunteers in clean up activities across Poland over Clean Up the World Weekend. Our Earth Foundation is celebrating its 17th year as a Clean Up the World participant and is one of over 60 organizations who have been involved with the campaign for more than 5 years. September 15
External links[edit | edit source]
Wikipedia: Poland, The World Wide Fund for Nature in Poland
References[edit | edit source]
- ↑ Grassroots Economic Organizing, Shared under a CC-BY-NC-SA-3.0 license
- ↑ euroalter.com
- ↑ eltis.org
- ↑ The Guardian
- ↑ The Ecologist
- ↑ @energydesk
- ↑ Energydesk
- ↑ thisbigcity.net
- ↑ unep.org