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Location Ontario, Canada
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Keywords Canadian province
Published by Phil Green
Published 2014
License CC BY-SA 4.0
Page views 1,409

Ontario ( (listen) on-TAIR-ee-oh; French: [ɔ̃taʁjo]) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, it is Canada's most populous province, with 38.3 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province by total area (after Quebec). Ontario is Canada's fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto, which is also Ontario's provincial capital.

Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, and Quebec to the east and northeast, and to the south by the U.S. states of (from west to east) Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. Almost all of Ontario's 2,700 km (1,678 mi) border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the westerly Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system. These include Rainy River, Pigeon River, Lake Superior, St. Marys River, Lake Huron, St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, Detroit River, Lake Erie, Niagara River, Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall. There is only about 1 km (0.6 mi) of land border, made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border.

Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into two regions, Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. The great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation.

Climate action[edit | edit source]


Community currencies activism[edit | edit source]

Guelph Wellington Time Bank

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Lanark Local Flavour - Perth Farmers' Market - The Table Community Food Centre - Windsor Essex County Community Garden Collective

The G-Spot in Ottawa[edit | edit source]

Everyone knows healthy food — be it meat, dairy products, or fresh vegetables — is usually expensive food. For university students, rushing from classes to low-wage jobs with or without family support and grabbing food wherever they can, eating healthy may fall by the wayside, often for financial reasons. The Garden Spot, better known as the G-Spot, is based at Carleton University in Ottawa. It's one of several student-organized kitchens across Canada that has been founded in response to a rising student cost of living. "Rising tuition and rent in Ottawa meant that average food budget took a nosedive. Many students literally live on rice and ketchup for weeks at a time, their energy and concentration faltering, and increasingly must rely on coffee and other stimulants to stave off hunger and keep them going," wrote Kelly Fritsch, an early member of the G-Spot collective, nearly a decade ago. The collective has been serving pay-what-you-can, vegan home-cooked meals weekly since 2001. [1] Carleton Food Collective

Sustainable transport activism[edit | edit source]

Towards sustainable economies[edit | edit source]

Ontario has announced plans to test a type of unconditional income guarantee; it is currently (Oct 2017) enrolling participants in three areas of the province, who will receive an income guarantee for up to three years. [3]

Ontario Basic Income Pilot

Resources[edit | edit source]

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


Ontario’s 2017 Basic Income experiment was branded a failure by opponents - but the opposite is true, Mar 6 [4]


Resilience, Community Action and Societal Transformation: in Peterborough, Apr 20 [5]


Ontario pilot project puts universal basic income to the test, Oct 28 [6]

Ontario plans to trial universal basic income, Mar 7 [7]


Windsor Youth Centre plans teaching garden to help build self-esteem and life skills, November 23 [8]

Kitchener group builds community cob oven, August 31 [9]


Picturesque Perth: a model of sustainable, independent living in Canada, By Jen Wilton, September [10]


Hamilton Getting a First-Class Bike Share, Hits the Road in April, [11] December 2

Events[edit | edit source]

2014: March 22 - 29 Transition Guelph Resilience Festival

Near you[edit | edit source]

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External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]