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Morocco ( ), officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and has land borders with Algeria to the east, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara to the south. Morocco also claims the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, and several small Spanish-controlled islands off its coast. It spans an area of 446,300 km2 (172,300 sq mi) or 716,550 km2 (276,660 sq mi),, with a population of roughly 37 million. Its official and predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber (Tamazight); French and the Moroccan dialect of Arabic are also widely spoken. Moroccan identity and culture is a mix of Arab, Berber, African and European cultures. Its capital is Rabat, while its largest city is Casablanca.

The region constituting Morocco has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era over 300,000 years ago. The Idrisid dynasty was established by Idris I in 788 and was subsequently ruled by a series of other independent dynasties, reaching its zenith as a regional power in the 11th and 12th centuries, under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, when it controlled most of the Iberian Peninsula and the Maghreb. Centuries of Arab migration to the Maghreb since the 7th century shifted the demographic scope of the region. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Morocco faced external threats to its sovereignty, with Portugal seizing some territory and the Ottoman Empire encroaching from the east. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties otherwise resisted foreign domination, and Morocco was the only North African nation to escape Ottoman dominion. The 'Alawi dynasty, which rules the country to this day, seized power in 1631, and over the next two centuries expanded diplomatic and commercial relations with the Western world. Morocco's strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean drew renewed European interest; in 1912, France and Spain divided the country into respective protectorates, reserving an international zone in Tangier. Following intermittent riots and revolts against colonial rule, in 1956, Morocco regained its independence and reunified.

Climate action[edit | edit source]

Climate change is expected to significantly impact Morocco on multiple dimensions. As a coastal country with hot and arid climates, environmental impacts are likely to be wide and varied. As of the 2019 Climate Change Performance Index, Morocco was ranked second in preparedness behind Sweden. W

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Moroccan 2,000 Year Old Food Forest with Geoff Lawton
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MA.SS.Tagherat-Anekrim (near-Agadir) 2018-08-11 Paradise-Valley 271 16x9-R 8192x4608.jpg

Paradise Valley in Morocco is one of the oldest forest gardens in the world (allegedly 2000 years). It is located near the coast, between the villages Inraren and Tamzergourte. 800 people from the area work in forest. The over-story is mainly date palm, and the under-story includes carob, banana, quince, olive, fig, pomegranate, guava, citrus, mulberry, tamarind, and grape. Despite being surrounded by arid desert, the forest is cool and lush.

News and comment[edit | edit source]


In Morocco, a blue tourist town is turning green, Nov 14[1]


Medina bikes: Africa's first cycle-share scheme launches in Marrakech, Nov 15[2]

From BRT to tram lines, How Morocco is boosting public transport, Nov 7[3]

Morocco to give 600 mosques a green makeover, Sep 5[4]

Morocco bans plastic bags, Jul 4[5]


Morocco poised to become a solar superpower with launch of desert mega-project, October 26[6]


Morocco's renewable energy future - video,[7] September 20


Morocco: A Charter for the Environment,[8] January 28


Morocco: Here Comes the Sun,[9] November 5

Recent flooding in Morocco has prompted bloggers to air their discontent with their country's lack of sanitation infrastructure. They went around taking pictures and shooting videos, sharing scene Recent flooding in Morocco has prompted bloggers to air their discontent with their country's lack of sanitation infrastructure. They went around taking pictures and shooting videos, sharing scenes seldom broadcast by the mainstream media. More of their citizen reporting via[10] September 19

External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

FA info icon.svgAngle down icon.svgPage data
Keywords countries
Authors Phil Green
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 2 pages link here
Aliases Morocco
Impact 596 page views
Created January 3, 2014 by Phil Green
Modified June 9, 2023 by Felipe Schenone
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