Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, and is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Greece shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Sea of Crete and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin, featuring thousands of islands. The country consists of nine traditional geographic regions, and has a population of approximately 10.4 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki and Patras.

Trees, woodland and forest[edit | edit source]

According to the World Wide Fund for Nature and the European Environment Agency, the territory of Greece can be subdivided into six ecoregions: the Illyrian deciduous forests, Pindus Mountains mixed forests, Balkan mixed forests, Rhodope montane mixed forests, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, and Crete Mediterranean forests. W

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

Place Identity, collaborative forms for site identity and citizen participation

SynAthina, platform for community projects

Cycling activism[edit | edit source]

Critical Mass bicycle rides in Greece

Food activism[edit | edit source], network to combat food waste

Between 2000 and 2007 organic farming in Greece increased by 885%, the highest change percentage in the EU.[1]

Sustainable livelihood[edit | edit source]

Sustainable transport[edit | edit source]

Rapid transit in Greece refers to the systems of rapid transit at present active in Greece.

A "rapid transit", "underground", "subway", "elevated railway", "metro" or "metropolitan railway" system is an electric passenger railway in an urban area with a high capacity and frequency, and grade separation from other traffic. Rapid transit systems are typically located either in tunnels or on elevated rails above street level. Outside urban centers, rapid transit lines may run on grade separated ground level tracks.

In Greece there are several systems that are called "Rapid Transit":

  • Athens Metro, an underground and overground railway network serving the city of Athens since 1904;
  • Athens Tram, a tram network serving the city of Athens, began electrified service in 1908 and revived in 2001;
  • Thessaloniki Metro, an under-construction underground railway network for Greece's second-largest city;

Resources[edit | edit source]

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

  • Free and Real, Freedom of Resources for Everyone, Everywhere and Respect, Equality, Awareness and Learning

Maps[edit | edit source]

Map of grassroots groups in Greece (2nd edition), Omikron Project, a group of girls and guys trying to show the untold side of Greece's current crisis, and fix the image problems that are damaging our country.

Video[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


Greek Island Will Be Mediterranean's First to Run on Renewable Energy, Sep 4[2]


How could we cope if capitalism failed? Ask 26 Greek factory workers, Aditya Chakrabortty, Jul 18[3]

Tilos, Greece: the first island in the Med to run entirely on wind and solar power, Jun 15[4]

The Greek Left Takes Stock of the Commons, Mar 1[5]


Habibi.Works is a FabLab equipped with all the tools for people to unfold their potential and hone their abilities, Oct 31[6]

Athens' unofficial community initiatives offer hope after government failures, Sep 21[7]

Building Communities of Commons. A documentary on networks at Sarantaporo, Jul 9[8]


The New Greek Government Endorses Commons-Based, Peer Production Solutions, February 12[9]

"A commons colleague, John Restakis, wrote about this possibility a week or so before the January 25 elections. Now, speaking to the Greek Parliament last week, the new Deputy Prime Minister Gianni Dragasakis explicitly stated that Greece will develop new sorts of bottom-up, commons-based, peer production models for meeting people's needs."


CommonsFest in Greece: A Movement Expands, May 13[10]

Commons projects and activism seem to be really hopping in Greece: just last week a collaborative ebook, Πέρααπότοκράτοςκαιτηναγορά: Ηομότιμηπροοπτική, was published in Greece as a free, downloadable pdf file. The ebook presents a vision for a commons-oriented economy and society. Print copies will be available at the end of May, at a price defined by the reader.
The book cites five key reasons why this vision can succeed, particularly in Greece: 1) the extensive micro-ownership of land and other forms of capital; 2) the existing solidarity networks; 3) the rebirth of the cooperative movement; 4) the urgent need for rebuilding the economy; and 5) the decentralized networks of islands which offer a unique case study for the commoning of energy production and distribution.


Brave new renewable energy bill introduced by Greek government in parliament,[11] May 5


Wildfires encroaching on Athens, citizens tracking developments via the web and Twitter,[12] August 24

Campaigns[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia: Greece, 2009 Mediterranean wildfires

References[edit | edit source]

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