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  • News How Pakistan floods are linked to climate change, BBC News (Sep 02, 2022)
  • News Climate change swells odds of record India, Pakistan heatwaves, BBC News (May 18, 2022)

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Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the fifth-most populous country, with a population of over 241.5 million, having the largest Muslim population as of 2023. Islamabad is the nation's capital, while Karachi is its largest city and financial centre. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country by area, being the second largest in South Asia. Bounded by the Arabian Sea on the south, the Gulf of Oman on the southwest, and the Sir Creek on the southeast, it shares land borders with India to the east; Afghanistan to the west; Iran to the southwest; and China to the northeast. It shares a maritime border with Oman in the Gulf of Oman, and is separated from Tajikistan in the northwest by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor.

Pakistan is the site of several ancient cultures, including the 8,500-year-old Neolithic site of Mehrgarh in Balochistan, the Indus Valley civilisation of the Bronze Age, and the ancient Gandhara civilisation. The regions that comprise the modern state of Pakistan were the realm of multiple empires and dynasties, including the Achaemenid, the Maurya, the Kushan, the Gupta; the Umayyad Caliphate in its southern regions, the Samma, the Hindu Shahis, the Shah Miris, the Ghaznavids, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals, and most recently, the British Raj from 1858 to 1947.

Climate action[edit | edit source]

Pakistan is one of the countries who are most affected by the climate change. Around 135,000 deaths per year are associated to climate change. But Pakistan's Government and the people seem to have realised this fact and have taken some major appreciable steps to reduce the pollution and counter the climate change. In this cause, Pakistan has initiated World's largest solar energy project in Sindh province. Pakistan planted around 1.5 Billion trees from 2013-2018 in the province of Khyber Pakhtun Khuwa under the new provincial Government of Imran khan's PTI. Recently in 2018, Imran Khan's PTI won General Election and came to power in the Federal Government. This newly developed Government has also initiated a project to plant 10 Billion trees across Pakistan in an attempt to curb climate change.

  • The Carbon Brief Profile: Pakistan, 26 May 2023, Carbon Brief, As part of a series on how key emitters are responding to climate change, Carbon Brief explains the causes of Pakistan’s deep-rooted energy crisis and how catastrophic floods fuelled its call for loss-and-damage finance at UN climate talks. By Daisy Dunne and Aruna Chandrasekhar
  • Climate Change Portal Pakistan

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

The flora and fauna of Pakistan suffer from a number of problems. Pakistan has the second-highest rate of deforestation in the world. This, along with hunting and pollution, is causing adverse effects on the ecosystem. The government has established a large number of protected areas, wildlife sanctuaries, and game reserves to deal with these issues.[1]

Food activism[edit | edit source]

Pakistan is a rich country in terms of agricultural land and crops. Pakistan's main natural resources include arable land and water resources. Pakistan has the best man-built irrigation system in the Asia. Pakistan's economy is agriculture based and around 25 % of the agricultural land accounts for 21% of the of the total GDP of Pakistan. Pakistan's of the labour force works in agriculture sector. Most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton is grown in abundance while province of Sindh accounts for Pakistani Mangoes Orchards and Date Fruits. Pakistan ranks 8th in agriculture output, according to the List of countries by GDP sector composition.

Solar cooking resources in Pakistan

Health[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia: Orangi Pilot Project: collectively designates three Pakistani Non-governmental organizations working together, having emerged from a socially innovative project carried out in 1980s in the squatter areas of Orangi Town, Karachi, Pakistan. It was initiated by Akhtar Hameed Khan, and involved the local residents solving their own sanitation problems. Innovative methods were used to provide adequate low cost sanitation, health, housing and microfinance facilities.

Rural sustainability[edit | edit source]

Sarhad Rural Support Programme, the largest Non Government Organization working to alleviate poverty in North West Pakistan. It was established in 1989 with the aim of reducing poverty and ensuring sustainable means of livelihood in what is now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. SRSP is part of the Rural Support Programmes initiated by United Nations Environment Programme Global 500 Award winner Shoaib Sultan Khan. It is now the largest regional RSP, with extensive outreach into communities. In recent years because of its vast outreach, SRSP has had to play a prominent role in disasters that have hit Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. As a result humanitarian work along with development has become a core competency of the organization. W

News and comment[edit | edit source]


  • News How Pakistan floods are linked to climate change, BBC News (Sep 02, 2022)
  • News Climate change swells odds of record India, Pakistan heatwaves, BBC News (May 18, 2022)


  • News Gen Z on how to save the world: young climate activists speak out, The Guardian (Oct 17, 2021) — Features activists from Philippines, Australia, India, US, Uganda, Pakistan, Peru, Indonesia, United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Kenya and Canada


100m trees to be planted till 2021 under Green Pakistan's initiative, Dec 3[2]


'Solar Bibi Project' for women entrepreneurs in rural areas launched, Jul 24[3]

Young girl sues Pakistani govt over climate change, Jul 6[4]

Online portal of climate change launched in Pakistan, Mar 11[5]

How the residents of Shimshal are setting a shining example for Pakistan, January 28[6]


Pakistan Now Has A 21-Person 'Climate Council,' Thanks To A Judge's Ruling, October 7[7]

Pakistan court orders government to enforce climate law, September 24[8]

Pakistan: 'son, you brought electricity to the village and added 15 years to my life', June 12[9]


Pakistan's First Solar Project Is One Of The World's Largest, May 13[10]

See also[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia: Pakistan

References[edit | edit source]

FA info icon.svgAngle down icon.svgPage data
Keywords countries
Authors Phil Green
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 3 pages link here
Aliases Pakistan
Impact 607 page views
Created August 14, 2014 by Phil Green
Modified June 9, 2023 by Felipe Schenone
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