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Location Belgium, Europe
  • News Belgian court orders 55% emissions cut from 1990 levels, (Dec 01, 2023)

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Northwestern Europe. The country is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the south, and the North Sea to the west. It covers an area of 30,689 km2 (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.5 million, making it the 22nd most densely populated country in the world and the 6th most densely populated country in Europe, with a density of 376/km2 (970/sq mi). Belgium is part of an area known as the Low Countries, historically a somewhat larger region than the Benelux group of states, as it also included parts of northern France. The capital and largest metropolitan region is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège, Bruges, Namur, and Leuven.

Belgium is a sovereign state and a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organization is complex and is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds. It is divided into three highly autonomous regions: the Flemish Region (Flanders) in the north, the Walloon Region (Wallonia) in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita. Belgium is also home to two main linguistic communities: the Flemish Community, which constitutes about 60 percent of the population, and the French Community, which constitutes about 40 percent of the population. A small German-speaking Community, making up around one percent of the population, exists in the East Cantons. The Brussels-Capital Region is officially bilingual in French and Dutch, although French is the majority language and lingua franca. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its complex system of governance, made up of six different governments.

Networks and sustainability initiatives[edit | edit source]

  • Citizens Spring, citizen movement "to rebuild our local communities to be more resilient. Our goal is to develop and support various citizen initiatives that bring citizens together and that focus on sustainable solutions."
  • Liege in Transition
  • Transitie Tervuren

Climate action[edit | edit source]


Sing for the climate

Community involvement[edit | edit source]

  • G1000, Belgian platform for democratic innovation. "We develop and support new forms of citizen participation. We are active in municipalities, cities, regions and on national level. We are also involved in various international networks." added 15:10, 17 November 2022 (UTC)

Community energy[edit | edit source]

Ethical consumerism[edit | edit source]

Food activism[edit | edit source]


Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle[edit | edit source]

  • RREUSE represents social enterprises active in re-use, repair and recycling

Events[edit | edit source]

Sharing[edit | edit source]

Cohousing in Belgium

Resources[edit | edit source]

Visions[edit | edit source]

Commons Josaphat

Youth initiatives[edit | edit source]

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Young Green (Dutch: Jong Groen) is the youth organisation of Groen, the Green party in Flanders and Brussels.

Past events[edit | edit source]


Mar 21 - 24 Citizen Spring


Sep 18 Car Free Sunday in Brussels

Other resources[edit | edit source]

News and comment[edit | edit source]


  • News Brussels launches permanent citizens’ assembly on climate, (Nov 17, 2022)
  • News More flowers, fewer cars: the rewilders turning parking spaces into parks, The Guardian (Jun 22, 2022) — Across the UK and Europe, the ‘parklet’ movement is gaining pace, transforming dead spaces where cars used to be into pockets of green
  • News Denmark, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands come together to make the North Sea a "green power plant", The Daily Alternative (Jun 15, 2022)


Belgian parliament votes to recognise international crime of ecocide, Dec 3[1]

The launch of bicycle parking initiatives in Belgium and the Netherlands, (date not found)[2]


Citizen Spring: The new movement connecting social enterprises across Brussels and Antwerp, May 19[3]


A dazzlingly delicious taste of the future in Liége, Mar 27[4]


Meet the Transition Pinball Wizards! Apr 27[5]


Car-free Belgium: why can't Brussels match Ghent's pedestrianised vision? Nov 28[6]


How 22 Belgian streets turned into lively car-free parks this summer, September 4[7]

Near you[edit | edit source]

Brussels - Ghent

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External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

FA info icon.svg Angle down icon.svg Page data
Keywords countries
Authors Phil Green
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 998 pages link here
Aliases Belgium
Impact 1,083 page views
Created February 20, 2014 by Phil Green
Modified December 4, 2023 by Phil Green
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