This page is a literature review of the funding of science in the U.S.

Background[edit | edit source]

Specific facts:

  • Funding per year, over time

NSF, “NSF Funding History - Sides,” Budget Internet Information System. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 15-Aug-2013].

  • Funding by agency & discipline & state (includes success rates as %)

NSF, “NSF Funding Rate by State and Organization and Discipline.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 15-Aug-2013].

Hardware design funding[edit | edit source]

  • History
  • Methods
    • NSF funds major equipment [1]

R. Phelps and K. McCloud, “National Science Foundation - Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Webcast - Program Summary and 2013 Completition Overview,” 14-Dec-2012.


pg. 10 - outlines strategic goals. #2 - foster development of next generation instrumentation, resulting in more widespread use and open up new areas of research/research training. #3 integrate research w. education

pg. 11 - development effort is: (1)adding capabilities not available from vendors (2)requires design work and (3) a cross-functional team (4) work (5) over an extended period of time (6) may require component fabrication (7)may involve risk

pg. 15 - will not fund: general purpose lab equipment (i.e computers) or platforms (i.e vehicles), instruments used for science/engineering education, multiple instruments (unless they act as an integrated system)

Office of Integrative Activities, “Major Research Instrumentation Brochure.” National Science Foundation.

MRI Goals - catalyzing knowledge and discoveries, empowering the nations scientists & engineers, building capacity for a diverse workforce, develop next generation instrumentation, promote academic & private sector partnerships

The MRI program does not support requests for general purpose ancillary laboratory equipment or multiple instruments that serve to outfit a laboratory or research environment. The MRI program also does not support the acquisition or development of instrumentation used primarily for science and engineering education courses

    • Funding of development of scientific equipment through an SBIR program [2]
    • Specific calls -- e.g. engineering type work to design equipment like this: [3]

Bayh-Dole[edit | edit source]

  • Summary - initial law
  • any updates

Critical literature of Bayh-Dole[edit | edit source]

How does the NSF decide on what is funded?[edit | edit source]

Critical literature on the NSF[edit | edit source]

How does the NSF determine return on investment?[edit | edit source]

  • quantifiable metrics, what are their results

Science equipment spending[edit | edit source]

  • How big is the scientific equipment industry?
    • How profitable is it?
  • How much money do US scientists spend on equipment per year?
  • What are the big volume items - e.g. stuff that everyone of one type has in their lab?
  • What are the big $ total items (e.g. sure everyone has test-tubes but if every school needs an SEM...)
Page data
Authors Alexandra Glover
Published 2013
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Impact Number of views to this page. Updated once a month. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one. 48
Issues Automatically detected page issues. Click on them to find out more. They may take some minutes to disappear after you fix them. No main image