About this device
PATB solar thermal cooking.JPG
Solar thermal technology can be utilized in many applications, including cooking food.
Authors Mike Brown
Made? No
Published 2011-01-28
Affiliations Appropedia user
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Hardware CC BY-SA 4.0
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Solar thermal energy (STE)[1] is a technology for harnessing solar energy for thermal energy (heat). Solar thermal collectors are classified by the USA Energy Information Administration as low-, medium-, or high-temperature collectors. Low temperature collectors are flat plates generally used to heat swimming pools. Medium-temperature collectors are also usually flat plates but are used for heating water or air for residential and commercial use. High temperature collectors concentrate sunlight using mirrors or lenses and are generally used for electric power production. STE is different from photovoltaics, which convert solar energy directly into electricity. While only 600 megawatts of solar thermal power is up and running worldwide in October 2009 according to Dr David Mills of Ausra, another 400 megawatts is under construction and there are 14,000 megawatts of the more serious concentrating solar thermal (CST) projects being developed.[2]

Category tree Sample pages

Solar thermal
Solar Thermal Panels
Solar Power
Passive Solar Thermal
Trombe wall
Heat Exchanger

Funding Opportunities and Grants
See Also: Grants
Renewable Heat Incentive UK tariff program for renewable heat sources, including solar thermal. Approx £400 per year for 20 years, tax free. [3]
US Federal Solar Incentives
US Solar Incentives (by state)
Vancouver $3000 Solar Thermal Tax Credit extended to February 15, 2011 [4]

External Links


Canadian Standards
CSA F378 (Solar Collectors)
CSA F379-09 – Packaged Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems (liquid to liquid heat transfer)
CSA F383-08 – Installation Code for Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems

Education[edit source]

ASHRAE Self-Directed Texts

ASHRAE Courses

Engineering Graduate Courses

Other Non-University Courses


Companies[edit source]

Job Opportunities[edit source]

Relevant Software & Tools[edit source]

  • RETScreen for determining the feasibility of solar thermal (and other renewable energy) projects

Books[edit source]

  • The German Solar Society (2005). Planning and Installing Solar Thermal Systems - A Guide for Installers, Architects and Engineers.. Earthscan.
  • Kalogirou, Soteris A. (2009). Solar Energy Engineering - Processes and Systems.. Elsevier.
  • Weiss, Werner (2003). Solar Heating Systems for Houses - A Design Handbook for Solar Combisystems.. Earthscan.
  • Hastings, S. Robert; Wall, Maria (2007). Sustainable Solar Housing, Volumes 1-2.. Earthscan.
  • Vanek, Francis M.; Albright, Louis D. (2008). Energy Systems Engineering - Evaluation and Implementation.. McGraw-Hill.

Publications[edit source]

See also: Journals

Videos[edit source]

Stanford University[edit source]

IIT Kharagpur[edit source]

Installation[edit source]

Future Work[edit source]

Hybrid PV/Solar Thermal collectors have the potential to produce electricity through photovoltaics while directing wasted heat to solar thermal heating systems.

References[edit source]

  1. "It's solar power's time to shine". MSN Money. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
  2. Manning, Paddy (10 October 2009). "With green power comes great responsibility". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2009-10-12.
  3. "Renewable Heat Incentives". Energy Grants.
  4. "City Of Vancouver - Deadline Extension". Solar BC.