The leftover glue from the label on this water bottle.
Project data
Authors Lewis Marshall
Status Modelled
Export to Open Know How Manifest
Page data
Type Project
Keywords PET preparation, protocol, Shredding, Cleaning, recycling
SDGs Sustainable Development Goals SDG11 Sustainable cities and communities
SDG09 Industry innovation and infrastructure
Published by Lewis Marshall
Published 2014
License CC BY-SA 4.0
Affiliations MTU
MOST
Location data
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Location Michigan, USA

Sunhusky.png Michigan Tech's Open Sustainability Technology Lab.

Contact Dr. Joshua Pearce
MOST: Projects & Publications, Methods, Lit. reviews, People, Sponsors, News
Updates: Twitter, YouTube

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THIS METHOD IS CURRENTLY A WORK IN PROGRESS

Here is outlined the method to shred, clean and dry PET at the MOST lab at Michigan Technological University. For more information on PET mechanisms please see the PET Extrusion literature review.

Shredding and Cleaning[edit | edit source]

Any PET bottles or containers which are to be to be recycled need to be ground up into smaller pieces first. This is to speed up the drying process, and also, to fit the plastic into the RecycleBot hopper. Approximately 1/4 of the mass of an average water bottle is in the thred and cap region of the main body. This is because this region has to be very resistant to deformation so that the cap can correctly screw on.

Shredding and Cleaning: Equipment[edit | edit source]

  • Shredder
  • Oil-based cleaner to remove glue, see step 2. Peanut butter, nail polish remover, and perfume are all recommended. (NO WD40)
  • Scissors or shears

Shredding and Cleaning: General Procedure[edit | edit source]

  1. Peel any labels and/or different colored plastics off of the bottle.
  2. Remove any glue from the wrappings off using your cleaner. MOST used => Duct tape. The sticky side, if repeatedly applied and removed, can pull of the glue. This process, however, takes a significant amount of time.
  3. Rinse out your container, and dry, to remove any leftover beverages.
  4. Cut apart bottles and containers to fit into your shredder. The threaded section will most likely need to be removed, until a total-shredder is developed.
  5. Shred the PET chunks. MOST has used a "Chipper Joe", green wood-chipper and a disk shredder, from Staples. The disk shredder has worked the best so far, with consistent results. The wood chipper is not great for water bottles, it regularly becomes jammed, and has inconsistent sizes.
  6. Collect the chunks and store somewhere cool and dry until the drying step, just as a preventative measure to moisture buildup.

Cutting Techniques[edit | edit source]

Some containers may be made of a thicker plastic than others, so different methods must be taken to prepare them.

Method 1 (Gatorade Bottles): Tested[edit | edit source]

  1. Cut apart the bottle as shown in pictures.
    1. Top and bottom off
    2. Cut in half
    3. Trim off curved pieces
  2. Plug in and turn on disk shredder (NW corner of room)
  3. Hold forwards button
  4. Insert slightly curved section into disk shredder.
  5. Losses of 14/24g:
    • The thread
    • Bottom
    • Curved top

Method 2 (Gatorade Bottle): Tested[edit | edit source]

NOTE: At MOST this doesn't really work, as the bottles decompress inside the wood chipper and jam.

  1. Cut off top and bottom
  2. Cut 1 slit in bottle lengthways
  3. Turn on wood chipper
  4. compress and slide into wood chipper
  5. Losses of 10/24g:
    • The thread
    • Bottom

Method 3 (Plastic Water bottle): Tested[edit | edit source]

  1. Cut top off of bottle
  2. Split into 4 sections
  3. Plug in and turn on disk shredder, in NW corner of room
  4. Hold forwards button
  5. Insert sections lengthways
  6. Losses of:
    • The thread

Method 4 (Water Bottle Threads): Tested[edit | edit source]

  1. Place a large plastic container under the output of the wood chipper. Alternatively, a cardboard box may be used, but pieces of the plastic may be lost in the seams of the box.
  2. Take the threads from the water bottles that none of the other methods can shred.
  3. Turn on the wood chipper, and WEAR SAFETY GLASSES.
  4. Carefully insert them into the wood chipper.
  5. Turn off the wood chipper when done, and collect the results.
  6. Losses of:
    • None, as we are able to use the losses of a previous method.

PET Drying[edit | edit source]

PET needs to be dried prior to extrusion in a Recyclebot as otherwise it will undergo rapid hyrdolyzation at high temperatures, and reduce the molecular mass.