GSTC Toolbox/Audiovisual

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Photography - Taking a picture[edit | edit source]

GSTC Camera.png

Taking a photo is something that most everyone has performed, quite often with mixed results. Taking a candid photo is a different skill than taking an eye capturing subject focused image like a professional photographer.

Basic concepts of photography[edit | edit source]

As you begin to explore the terminology of photography, greater explanations on settings, focal length (camera lens choice or zoom), depth of field (sharp or blurry background), and composition (does it draw your attention?) can be found here:

Camera's settings - the different modes and hot to apply them[edit | edit source]

Camera settings.jpg

Focal length[edit | edit source]

Composition - what will your picture look like?[edit | edit source]

Introduction to photographic composition[edit | edit source]

Backgrounds - what is the focus of the picture?[edit | edit source]

Panoramic photos - "extra wide" photos[edit | edit source]

Smartphone (iphone) use[edit | edit source]

Cell phone.png

Editing (Post-processing)[edit | edit source]

Once you have captured your photos, some editing can occur by software (or phone app) manipulation. (Often it is faster with better results “during the shot” instead of post processed. It is great to make small changes however creating something from nothing in software is often more time consuming that a physical retake.) Post processing (software manipulation) still has its place for things like blurring the background, cropping an image smaller, or other quick task. For more information on post processing software and apps:

Software for editing[edit | edit source]

Apps for smartphones[edit | edit source]


Tripods - support for your camera to stabilize (remove vibration) and provide constant point of view[edit | edit source]

Camera Tripod.png

How to make a phone tripod[edit | edit source]

Camera mounts[edit | edit source]

Lighting - How to add light to a picture or video (remove dark and make scenes even contrast)[edit | edit source]

Lighting stands.jpg

Techniques for lighting - how to control lighting[edit | edit source]

Lighting gear - how to add light[edit | edit source]

Diffusers/reflectors - how to redirect lighting or soften harsh lighting[edit | edit source]

Softbox - diffused lighting[edit | edit source]

Video[edit | edit source]


Video clips are commonplace with social media and numerous phone apps. Taking video for sharing with friends is vastly different than trying to apply video for an educational tool. Video for education require clear subject focus, deliberate lighting, and a clean background to draw the attention exactly where the education is occurring. Videography is something that can be learned quickly with great outcome since you get instant feedback as you change lighting, focus, position, and other items.

Basics on video[edit | edit source]

Editing (Post-processing)[edit | edit source]

Once you have your video, editing sections together, trimming sections out, or adding items into your video can be found here:

Software[edit | edit source]
Apps for smartphones[edit | edit source]


Audio[edit | edit source]

Audio icon.png

Audio is rarely a standalone function in today’s digital world. It is often coupled with video as an included “benefit” to video capture. However, audio that is for instruction is slightly different than that of social media. In an instructional setting, the audio should be clear without background distractions, loud enough for the listener to hear the dialogue (i.e. dedicated microphone), and potentially with subtitles for easier comprehension.

Guides on audio capture and presentation[edit | edit source]

Closed captioning[edit | edit source]

Closed captioning.png

Use of closed captioning to increase understandability, allow for easier translations, removes ambiguity of a speakers accent.

Translation[edit | edit source]

Guide to translation services and best practices.

Audio editing[edit | edit source]

  • Ocenaudio - Download - cross-platform, audio editor
  • Audacity - Download - cross-platform audio software
  • Descript - allows editing audio through an automatically-generated text transcript. This can speed up and simplify producing audio narrations.