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3D Printable Cider Press

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MOST Delta filament as guide.JPG This page was part of an MTU course MSE4777 OA and MSE4777 OB/MSE5777/EE4777/EE5777: Open-source 3-D printing

Please leave comments using the discussion tab. The course runs in the Fall semester. It is not open edit.


3D Printable Cider Press[edit]

Project developed by User:TheJLo, User:Marcello
Status
This OSAT has been designed but not yet tested - use at own risk.
This OSAT has been prototyped.

You can help Appropedia by contributing to the next step in this OSAT's status.

Abstract[edit]

  1. The cider press is an older technology that has been used for ages to make juices from fruit. The cider press enabled people to move from manually crushing fruit via a mortar and pestle or even two rocks to a self-contained unit that produces more juice in less time. This allowed for the production of cider and other pressed juices at a commercial capacity - beyond subsistence farming. This extra revenue generated from commercial sales of cider can sustainably elevate people from financial poverty and produce a healthier local economy.
  2. The goal of the 3D-printable cider press is to provide an affordable means of efficiently pressing cider. With scaled-up designs, the press can be used to produce enough product to sell excess not used for subsistence. This design fulfills the need of enabling financial mobility. Simple cider presses have been made by the | Low Technology Institute. However, even these designs require pre-cut wood,fasteners, and precisely-threaded rods. These parts can usually be found in hardware stores, but these establishments are not prevalent in 3rd world countries.
  3. The cider press as presented in this page is modeled to fit on a standard mason jar for demonstration purposes. The openSCAD files are parametric and allow for easy customization of the components.
    1. The size of the whole assembly can be scaled to be used on any cup or even buckets.
    2. The spigot can be modified or removed for alternate cider press configurations when the outlet for crushed liquids is at the base of the
    3. The press base can be modified to incorporate different patterns or crushing heads.
    4. Threading can be added to the collar (as seen in the example below) to form a tight grip on any cup or jar. These can be removed or replaced as well.
  4. Picture of completed print using your printer
Fig 1: Disassembled roller screw  
Fig 2: Assembled simplified press screw with grapes  
RollerScrew SCAD.png

Bill of Materials[edit]

  1. Provide a full BOM -- Materials needed for fabrication of device and alternative materials if they are not available, prices/sources of non-printable parts
    1. Upload and link to all source files from open source CAD
    2. Upload and link to all STLs

Direct Screw Press[edit]

Item Name Purpose QTY Cost Link
Press Screw Main screw to transfer rotational to linear force 1 < $1.00 3D-Printed
Crusher Plate Plate attached to bottom of press screw to crush fruit 1 < $0.50 3D-Printed
Lid with spigot Parametric lid with spigot and threaded hole for press 1 < $0.75 3D-Printed
Any cup or jar liquid-carrying vessel to attach press to 1 varies varies

Roller Screw Press [WIP][edit]

  • Note: This version still is under development
  • CAD Files: Github
Item Name Purpose QTY Cost Link
Press Screw Main screw to transfer rotational to linear force from roll screws 1 WIP 3D-Printed
Crusher Plate Plate attached to bottom of press screw to crush fruit 1 WIP 3D-Printed
Housing Outer shell threaded same as press screw. Gear teeth transfer force from handles to roll screws 1 WIP 3D-Printed
Spacer Freely-rotating disks at top and bottom of housing that separate roll screws 2 WIP 3D-Printed
Roll Screw Threaded screw with gears at ends to transfer rotational force from housing to press screw 8 WIP 3D-Printed

Tools needed for fabrication of the OSAT[edit]

  1. MOST Delta RepRap or similar RepRap 3-D printer
  2. PLA Filament
  3. (number here) screws
  4. Any tool that can sand surfaces
  5. Apples to press (preferably softer ones)

Skills and Knowledge Necessary to Make the OSAT[edit]

Technical Specifications and Assembly Instructions[edit]

Direct Screw Press =[edit]

  • Assembly time: 10 mins
  • Print time: 16 hrs for all parts
Step Instruction
1 Measure dimensions of cup that you want to put the cider press on. the outer diameter of the cup will be the inner diameter of the cover to be printed. Add threading if applicable.
2 Measure the depth of the cup used by the press. Determine this length and add 40 mm to this value to create an appropriately-sized center screw. Resize the handle on the top to the user's desire
3 Measure the inner diameter of the cup/jar at its base. This value will be the maximum diameter of the crusher plate. Edit the bottom of the crusher plate to suit the user's needs.
4 Print all components with modifications (if any are made). Perform simple fit tests to ensure functionality prior to assembly.
5 Fill cup with softer matter to be pressed up to 3 cm below the top lip.
6 thread center screw through the threaded hole in the lid with the spigot hole.
7 Attach crusher plate to the threaded end of the center screw
8 Attach entire assembly to the cup that was measured by the user. Screw on if threaded design was used.
9 To start crushing fruit, begin by turning the center screw so that it moves downwards into the cup.
9 After fruit is sufficiently pressed, pour liquid thru spigot into another container.

Roller Screw Press[edit]

  • work in progress [WIP]

Common Problems and Solutions[edit]

  • Strength of materials: Prevent press from breaking easily
    • increase wall count on 3D printed builds
    • increase top and bottom layer counts
    • increase print density
    • prevent under extrusion at all costs (leads to weak spots)
    • increase part thickness when possible
    • add triangular bracing
  • Tolerances: parts not meshing well
    • review printer settings and increase size of parts by 0.5 to 1 mm if unable to thread component into center screw ( Eventually, will be one "Comp" variable )
    • increase size of threading to a size that is easier for low resolution printers to produce
    • sand down defiant parts
  • Motion: crusher plate not moving thru full range of motion
    • re-check cup/jar inner diameter measurements, check for taper in item.
    • sand down edges of crusher plate
    • reprint smaller crusher plate

Cost savings[edit]

  • If your solution is not a low cost one then it is not really appropriate.

Direct Screw Press[edit]

  • Example: $70.00 USD to purchase
  • Estimated Cost of parts
    1. 3D Printed Parts = $4
    2. Wood for mount = $10
    3. Bucket = $10
  • Total = $24 -> 66% Cost Reduction

Roller Screw Press[edit]

  • Example cost of similar product: ~$200.00 USD for roller of similar size alone
  • OSAT cost: TBD

Benefited Internet Communities[edit]

  • Action Against Hunger. [1]
  • The Hunger Project. [2]
  • The Life you Could Save - One Acre Fund. [3]
  • Village Enterprise. [4]
  • Rep Rap (for 3D Printed Linear Actuators). [5]

References[edit]

[1] [2] [3] [4]

  1. Web page: Wikipedia Article - Roller screw. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roller_screw
  2. Web page: Wikipedia Article - Unified Thread Standard. Availble: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_Thread_Standard
  3. Web page: Tolomatic Linear Actuator Catalog. Available: https://www.tolomatic.com/info-center/educational/roller-screw-high-force-linear-actuators
  4. Article: Kinematics of Planetary Roller Screw Mechanism considering Helical Directions of Screw and Roller Threads. Author(s): Shangjun Ma, Tao Zhang, Geng Liu, Ruiting Tong, and Xiaojun Fu. Available: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2015/459462/