Sonic anemometer literature review

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List of Search Terms[edit | edit source]

  • Sonic anemometer
  • Open source sonic anemometer
  • DIY sonic anemometer
  • Sonic Anemometer design

Citation List[edit | edit source]

PRELIMINARY REPORT ON TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT BY SONIC MEANS [edit | edit source]

E.W. Barrett; V.E. Suomi, "PRELIMINARY REPORT ON TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT BY SONIC MEANS", J. Meteor., Volume (6) Issue (4), Pages 273-276, 1949

  • Basic theory for measurement
  • Practical considerations

A Continuous Wave Sonic Anemometer-Thermometer [edit | edit source]

J. C. Kaimal; J. A. Businger, "A Continuous Wave Sonic Anemometer-Thermometer", J. Appl. Meteor., Volume (2) Issue (1), Pages 156–164, 1963

Sonic Anemometer-Thermometer for General Use [edit | edit source]

Yasushi Mitsuta, "Sonic Anemometer-Thermometer for General Use", Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II, Volume (44) Issue (1), Pages 12-24, 1966

  • Single axis setup w/ sound head and preamp box

On sonic anemometer measurement theory [edit | edit source]

A. Cuerva; A. Sanz-Adres, "On sonic anemometer measurement theory", Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Volume (88) Issue (1), Pages 25-55, 2000

  • Mathematical model for design of sonic anemometers
  • To understand effects from outside variables


The Influence of the Sensor Design on Wind Measurements with Sonic Anemometer Systems [edit | edit source]

A. Wieser; F. Fiedler; U. Corsmeier, "The Influence of the Sensor Design on Wind Measurements with Sonic Anemometer Systems", J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., Volume (18) Issue (10), Pages 1585-1608, 2001

  • Compares five industry sonic anemometers
  • Describes how errors can be minimized during lab and field testing

Comparison of temperature and wind statistics in contrasting environments... [edit | edit source]

Loescher H.W. et al., "Comparison of temperature and wind statistics in contrasting environments among different sonic anemometer–thermometers", Agricultural And Forest Meteorology, Volume (133), Pages 119-139, 2005

  • Eight industry sonic anemometer-thermometers compared in lab and field
  • May be useful for preliminary design decisions

A Simple Technique for Realizing an Ultrasonic Anemometer Using a Loudspeaker [edit | edit source]

K. Kudo et al, "A Simple Technique for Realizing an Ultrasonic Anemometer Using a Loudspeaker", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Volume (44), 2005

  • Single sound source with reflector
  • Turbulence from reflector caused wide inaccuracies

A Martian sonic anemometer [edit | edit source]

D. Banfield; R. Dissly, "A Martian sonic anemometer" IEE, 2005

  • Common orthogonal design
  • Alternative transducers are considered due to different air impedance on Mars

Comparison of temperature and wind statistics in contrasting environments among different sonic anemometer–thermometers [edit | edit source]

H.W. Loescher et al, "Comparison of temperature and wind statistics in contrasting environments among different sonic anemometer–thermometers", Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Volume (133) Issues (1-4), Pages 119-139, 2005

Low Cost Ultrasonic Anemometer [edit | edit source]

M.P. del Valle, "Low Cost Ultrasonic Anemometer", IEEE, 2007

  • $150
  • 0-50 m/s wind speed range
  • 0.1 m/s resolution

Tiny and autonomous IEEE1451 Sonic Anemometer to deploy in environmental Wireless Sensor Network [edit | edit source]

J. Higuera; J. Polo, "Tiny and autonomous IEEE1451 Sonic Anemometer to deploy in environmental Wireless Sensor Network", IEEE, 2010

  • "Off grid", battery powered sonic anemometer
  • Results mainly considered with power modes and consumption

Development of Low Wind Speed Anemometer [edit | edit source]

T. Choon; C. Prakash; L. Aik; T. Hin, "Development of Low Wind Speed Anemometer", Int. Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, Volume (2) No. (3), 2012

  • Cup type anemometer
  • Speed range: 2-6 m/s

Ultrasonic Wind Velocity Measurement Based on Phase Discrimination Technique [edit | edit source]

C. Yu et al, "Ultrasonic Wind Velocity Measurement Based on Phase Discrimination Technique", Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering, Volume (10), 2012

  • triangle config. w/ one emission sensor + two receiving sensors

Advances in meteorology and the evolution of sonic anemometery [edit | edit source]

J.C. Kaimal, "Advances in meteorology and the evolution of sonic anemometery", 2013

  • History of sonic anemometer designs

An inter-comparison between Gill and Campbell sonic anemometers [edit | edit source]

T. Nakai; H. Iwata; Y. Harazono; M. Ueyama, "An inter-comparison between Gill and Campbell sonic anemometers", Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Volumes (195-196), Pages 123-131, 2014

  • Inter-comparison of data from orthogonal and nonorthogonal sonic anemometers in similar conditions
  • Corrections presented to relate data between different types

All Sonic Anemometers Need to Correct for Transducer and Structural Shadowing in Their Velocity Measurements [edit | edit source]

J.M. Frank, "All Sonic Anemometers Need to Correct for Transducer and Structural Shadowing in Their Velocity Measurements", J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., Volume (33) Issue (1), Pages 149-167, 2016

  • Comparison of orthogonal and nonorthogonal sonic anemometer performance
  • Transducer shadowing correction

Design and calibration of an innovative ultrasonic, arduino based anemometer [edit | edit source]

B. Allotta et al, "Design and calibration of an innovative ultrasonic, arduino based anemometer", IEEE, 2017

  • 0-13.9 m/s wind speed range
  • Accuracy < 0.56 m/s wind speed, < 2 deg. wind direction
  • Aluminum Frame

Simple Harmonics Motion experiment based on LabVIEW interface for Arduino [edit | edit source]

A. Tong-on et al, "Simple Harmonics Motion experiment based on LabVIEW interface for Arduino", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume (901), 2017

  • Sonic measurements of simple mass-spring system
  • Arduino hardware with LABVIEW interface

3D Ultrasonic Anemometer with tetrahedral arrangement of sensors [edit | edit source]

A.G. Yakunin; "3D Ultrasonic Anemometer with tetrahedral arrangement of sensors", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume (881), 2017

Low-Cost DIY Vane Anemometer based on LabVIEW interface for Arduino [edit | edit source]

M. Thepnurat; P. Saphet; A. Tong-on, "Low-Cost DIY Vane Anemometer based on LabVIEW interface for Arduino", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume (1144), 2018

  • Low cost materials
  • Vane anemometer
  • LabVIEW interface for Arduino

A two dimensional ionic anemometer for very low flow rates [edit | edit source]

M. Liess, "A two dimensional ionic anemometer for very low flow rates", Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Volume (276), Pages 111-117, 2018

  • 0-1.6 m/s wind speed range

Measuring 3D indoor air velocity via an inexpensive low-power ultrasonic anemometer [edit | edit source]

E. Arens et al., "Measuring 3D indoor air velocity via an inexpensive low-power ultrasonic anemometer", Energy and Buildings, Volume (211), 2020

  • 3-dimensional air velocity profile
  • Res.: 0.01 m/s
  • $100 USD

Market Survey[edit | edit source]

Gill 3D Ultrasonic Anemometers [edit | edit source]

  • Quote Request Sent

Young Ultrasonic 3D Anemometers [edit | edit source]

  • $2,892.00+

Campbell Scientific CSAT3B [edit | edit source]

  • $7,600.00

DIY Examples[edit | edit source]

Ultrasonic Anemometer (Wind speed and direction) [edit | edit source]

Wind speed measurement specs:

  • Range: 0-45 m/s
  • Exactness: ±0.3 m/s rms or ±2% rms
  • Resolution: 0.05 m/s

Ultrasonic wind sensor [edit | edit source]

  • Resolution: 0.277 m/s
  • PVC Pipe

Simple Sonic Anemometer [edit | edit source]

Relevant Links[edit | edit source]

Developing a flight-ready sonic anemometer [edit | edit source]

  • Project is not yet fully developed