This project worked on social entrepreneurship opportunities in New Delhi through the development and commercialization of products made of recycled waste materials.

Abstract[edit | edit source]

Rural Youth Volunteers in India is a paired/ twinning program between Lady Irwin College (LIC), University of Delhi and Cal Poly Humboldt (HSU), California, which works in collaboration with different local organizations. This program is been conducted in two villages in 2018. This page explores one of two subgroups, product team.

We aimed to create sustainable social entrepreneurship opportunities, spread awareness about environmental issues and solutions, and encourage a sustainable community in terms of solid waste management. We also worked towards creating social entrepreneurship opportunities by building different products from the waste of the community. Product team worked with community to understand what all products does the community want. We weighed all the products on the criteria developed by team. Then we prototyped different products and ultimately developed products out of waste. The next steps for Daula's waste management initiative will be carried forth by the core team members that worked with us daily. In the future, we hope to see a more sustainable Daula driven by the integrity of its own community members.

Background[edit | edit source]

Rural Youth Volunteers in India is a paired/ twinning program between Lady Irwin College (LIC), University of Delhi and Cal Poly Humboldt (HSU), California, which works in collaboration with two local organizations: Environment and Social Research Organization (ESRO) and Grameen evam Pariyavaran Vikas Sansthan (GPVS). The program is supported by the US Mission to India. Both teams are comprised of 8 members, four students from HSU and four students from LIC who are working together for 10 weeks in two rural communities, Daula and Tavelagarhi, with the local NGOs GPVS & ESRO respectively. This page give details a`bout the Product team of Daula village.

Background of Village Daula Daula is located in the western Uttar Pradesh region with the population of 12,743 people (census, 2011). Primary livelihood of villagers is farming. There are some families in the village who are artisans. The village is diverse in terms of socioeconomic class, caste, and religion of its residents. (If we look at the history of Daula weavers (Julaha) community was early settler in the area. 700 hundreds year back one Rajput family from Chittorgarh (Rajasthan) migrated to Daula Village. Now 36 Caste in the area stay together. 300 families are staying in AGRA and 360 families are staying in Daula.)//data taken from CEC report.

Issues/problems/needs of the community As a part of formative research a partnered NGO Centre for Environment Communication CEC conducted a research/survey in Daula to assess the needs, resources, and priorities of the community in relation to social and environmental issues. One of the major finding of this formative research was that there is a problem of waste in this village.

When the rural youth volunteers arrived in Daula, they went in the community to get the full understanding of the waste in the village. For this regular community visits were done to people's houses, fields, local community centers, religious places, water bodies and there waste dumping sites. Through this team understood what type of waste is found in the community, where is it dumped, are people reusing of upcycling there waste, how people are disposing there waste and many more questions related to waste, people, environment, livelihood. All this was done to triangulate the understanding and knowledge related to waste in Daula. This helped the team to interrelate and link people, waste, livelihood & environment. This led to initiating social entrepreneurial activities in Daula while working on environmental issues. The aim of the team is to encourage a sustainable community in terms of solid waste management by the technique of upcycling waste into something functional and resourceful. During the entire project, team worked closely with community members and seek their participation in bettering their economic and environmental well-being.

Goals and Objectives of the product team at Daula

  • Create sustainable social entrepreneurship opportunities
  • Initiate upcycling of waste within the community
  • Promote sustainability of the project (jobs and product) over subsequent years
  • Use only waste that already exists in the community and not to generate more waste in the process

With these goals and objectives in mind product team started listing possible products and then started prototyping with the core team and community members. This led to creating social entrepreneurial opportunities for the villagers.

Empathy[edit | edit source]

Our team utilized various methods for collecting information from the community. We spent time listening to the community and their ideas, implemented their feedback and ideas into our prototyping process, and worked to engage them in the prototyping process with limitations based on our safety protocols. We have found that the community has a lot of good ideas and many of them are already in the process of upcycling waste to create products.

Community meetings[edit | edit source]

Our team conducted various community meetings and events to gauge the communities interest into products that we had brainstormed. We utilized these moments to ask the community for feedback and to assess the need of these products.

We held a community meeting to introduce 10 products and gauge what products the community were interested in. We presented information on compost, melting plastic into tiles, creating plastic string and rope, newspaper pen, bags from upcycled cloth, clipboard, plastic storage boxes, and a jewelry stand. We invited multiple community members and only men showed up. We held a second meeting in which we intentionally invited only women to get an accurate representation of the community's interest. We gave each person in attendance 2 votes in which they could use to help us determine the what products were the most popular. This process helped us understand what products we were going to start prototyping. Compost/organic waste product gained the most votes in both sessions, with up cycled feed bag second, and plastics third. A few weeks later we took 8 prototyped products to the weekly Monday market in the village to gain feedback, asses interest, and find price points for these products. The products out of plastics were, a jewelry stand and bag, melted plastic into a tile and block, a lamp, plastic string from bottles, and a clipboard. We also took a newspaper pen, a grocery bag from upcycled cloth, and a sample of vermicompost from the local vermicompost farmer. This place of engagement was vital in helping us narrow down our 8 products to 4 products we would continue to prototype.After the meetings and market, we found that compost was still the most popular. We realized that compost is not a viable product for us to sell. We visited a local vermicompost farmer and asked if they would be willing to lead a training session in the future. We then moved to hold a training with them and the farmer who trained them. This training focused on the process of vermicomposting and its benefits and the harmful effects of pesticides. These trainings were vital in engaging the community in the process of making and using their own organic compost and becoming aware of the resources they have in their community.

Community Walks[edit | edit source]

During the brainstorming and prototyping phase of our project we spent time walking in the community, visiting various ponds, and local entrepreneurs. During our first visit to Daula, we visited many homes and observed that many people are already upcyling products for their own benefit such as cots, mats, bowls, hanging decorations, and more. This showed that the village has an understanding of waste management and up cycling. We observed that most of the waste gets dumped into the local ponds and clogs the drains, thus polluting the water in the village. The team went on a tour of the community to visit the local ponds, and observe the types of waste that pollute and dry up the ponds. We observed that a majority of the waste in the ponds includes; chip bags, polybags, and plastic bottles. This observation narrowed down our research as to what we could do with these types of waste to create a product. The product team also visited a local vermicompost farmer to learn more about the process and discuss our options around getting the community engaged with organic compost. After initial research, the product teamed moved forward to focus on plastics to create a product. Based on the criteria that was determined for product and observations made in the community, we decided to go out into the community to collect plastic from people's homes and religious places. We spent 6 days going into the community via e-rickshaw, with a speaker for announcement, to ask people to donate plastic and unwanted cloths. In this time, we also visited religious places in the village to encourage them to spread awareness on waste management and collecting plastic.

Literature Review[edit | edit source]

I think we might skip this just this time... feel free to wait until I arrive to complete the literature review subsection. Introduce the literature review briefly and then use heading and subheadings for topics. This should focus on information… NO PLAGIARISM![1] Copy and paste from this Practivistas India/literature review template.

Definition[edit | edit source]

Problem statement[edit | edit source]

The objective of this project is to create sustainable social entrepreneurship opportunities, initiate up cycling of waste within the community, promote sustainability of the project (jobs and product) over subsequent years, spread awareness about environmental issues and solutions, with a focus on waste management, and use only waste that already exists in the community and not to generate more waste in the process. We aim to encourage a sustainable community in terms of solid waste management by the technique of upcycling waste into something functional and resourceful. Throughout this project, we work closely with community members and seek their participation in bettering their economic and environmental well-being.

Criteria[edit | edit source]

The following criteria, constraints, and weights, were brainstormed and decided upon by the product team. They were decided upon after spending time in the community listening and observing community members.

Criteria Constraints Weight (0-10)
Durability & Strength At least as strong/durable as existing similar products, if not more. 7
Cost/Affordability Costs to complete the reasonability within the budget. Startup costs should be as low as possible, as well as running costs, or at ;east affordable for a large majority of the community. 8
Safety End result should at least be as safe as existing similar products/process if not safer. 10
Aesthetic/Branding Visually & tactically pleasant to at least 70% of consumers. 6
Beneficial to Community Follows the basic standard of sustainability. Does not invalidate any existing jobs. Uses mostly, if not all, raw materials made from waste. Bolsters local economy. 8
Novelty/Desirable/Useful Is novel and people find it useful 7
Accessible Accessible to a vast majority of community members, independent of social stratification (i.e., socioeconomic status, religion, caste, gender) 8

Ideation[edit | edit source]

The whole journey was an ideation process and it was not just one idea that was followed it was everyone's contribution including the members of the community and the core team members.The journey was a long process and we had to break it in smaller and achievable goals in order to fulfill or try to solve a bigger problem and achieve a larger goal. The needs, the preferences and innovation was the idea behind the possible solutions to the problem of waste management in the community. The idea was to Re-cycle or Up-cycle already present waste in the community, some of the examples are also mentioned above in the page itself. The ideation process was not just till the beginning of the process but it was done from the beginning to the end, we (team members, core team members and the community members) came up with different innovative ideas as to how things can be re-cycled or up-cycled and then selected some products out of many through an open display of all our products in a market in the community and we asked the people of the community who visited the market to rate the best products and which they find are more useful to them and are more liked by them and then those products were finalized. we took care of some things like the medical waste was not touched upon because of safety concerns and also composting was not practically done but awareness was spread about composting and vermiculture. Feedback, research and testing of ideas was done at every step of the process along with the community. The key activities of the process included brainstorming, collective participation, research and consulting the professors. Safety was one of the prime concerns of the whole team.

Prototyping[edit | edit source]

The main goal for prototyping products was to determine a marketable product for social entrepreneurship that reduced, reused and recycled the community wastes. After observing the community for the first two weeks, the team decided to focus mainly on organic waste, plastic, newspaper and used clothing. Processes for prototyping of the products included: community feedback, brainstorming, online research, trial and error and group assessment. The finalize product that was most suitable for social entrepreneurship for the Daula village was the Seed Pen, also known as newspaper pen. Listed below are descriptions and photos of different prototypes that were produced throughout the project.

Seed Pen[edit | edit source]

Seed pen, which was originally called newspaper pen, was a product prototype that was initially created by a student who was also doing an internship in Daula. Unfortunately, he only participated during the brainstorming process and left the idea with out team. The newspaper pen was inspired from the local men who kept their pens in their shirt pocket. It replaces the typical pen that has a plastic top, bottom and body with a newspaper body and leaving only the pen refill as plastic. Vegetable seeds has been added at the end of the pen. Aesthetics was improved by the addition of wool and colors, hence seed pen. The seed pen is a marketable product that also spreads waste awareness.

Molding and Melting of Plastic Bags[edit | edit source]

Plastic bags of various types and sizes were the most common waste that was polluting sidewalks, drains, ponds and landfills. At the time we were in Daula, plastic bags were being distributed by all shopkeepers when shopping in their shops. Because of the abundance of plastic bags, product prototypes of plastic waste products was made. Clean polyethylene plastic bags were converted to different shapes through the method of melting and molding. We produced the product prototypes from two methods of melting plastics: frying and baking. After the plastic was melted, locally handcrafted wooden molds were used to reshape to hot plastic. The plastic bags that were used during this process were only waste plastic. Through this simple method, the community will be able to reduce and recycle the floating plastic bags within the village.

Below are the results of melting and molding plastic bags:

Blocks and Tiles[edit | edit source]

Blocks and tiles were the first prototypes that were produced. These shapes are advantageous as a first product prototype because it is a simple shape, great for testing and required minimal materials during the melting process.

List of findings based on the two melting methods:

  • Frying and baking methods both resulted in the mold shape, smooth surfaces and vibrant colors similar to the plastic bag.
  • Frying method produced tiles and blocks that were oiler and denser tiles.
  • Baking method produced tiles that were harder, lighter in weight and less oil.
  • It was easier to fry than bake plastics.

Clipboard[edit | edit source]

The clipboard was an ideal product in Daula because of students like to use clipboards during school and while doing homework at home. Students typically use a cardboard-based clipboard, which gets damaged during the rainy season. Therefore prototyping this product was ideal.

Two experiments were successfully done on frying plastics and molding it to clipboards. Below are the findings:

  • 1st Test: less plastic bags, flexible board, dark color, easy to install the clip
  • 2nd Test: more plastic bags, harder board, bright color

Two failed experiments were done on baking plastics for the following reasons:

  • Not enough plastic
  • lack of electricity during baking process
  • cooled too quickly
  • not enough pressure during pressing of the mold

Gardening Pot[edit | edit source]

Before leaving Daula, our team was able to produce gardening pots as the last product prototype. Daula is a farm village, so planting was common. When walking through the alleys and sidewalks, you can see the soda bottle containers being reused as gardening pots hanging from the side of the house. Our team was inspired to produce one last set of products that were more complex compared to the other shapes and a product that is common in a household in which everyone can use and share. The triangular and square-shaped gardening pots were then produced.

Grocery Bag[edit | edit source]

As mentioned above, plastic bags were found everywhere in the village. To reduce the demand for plastic bags from shopkeepers, reusable cloth grocery bags were prototyped. Reusable cloth bags were prototyped for the women community and shopkeepers. Many of the women in the village were experienced with sewing. On occasion, women-led sewing workshops were hosted which provided resources, such as needles, thread, and sewing machines. As the first step to prototyping, two key women from the community were appointed to create reusable cloth bags that used the team's design while implementing local customization. While the reusable grocery bags were being sewn, the team consulted to shopkeepers to determine whether they were interested in selling and incentivizing grocery bags. As a result of iterative prototyping and interaction between the women and shopkeepers, reusable cloth grocery bag was not a feasible product at this time. Below is an image of the locally produced reusable cloth grocery bag.

Plastic Stringer[edit | edit source]

PET bottles are difficult to recycle at home (CITE)

Describe the results of each of the prototypes.

Vermicompost[edit | edit source]

Vermicompost was prototyped as a product and workshop. During the walkabout, it was noted that there was an ample amount of organic waste found in the landfills, public and private spaces. Organic waste included cow dung, food and yard scraps. Vermicomposting was a common interest in the village. Compost scored the highest votes out of all the products proposed to men and women of the community. After analyzing the feasibility of vermicomposting as a product, it was concluded as a group that it would not have been feasible due to time and spatial constraints. Although due to the high demands, Daula waste community engagement 2018 proceeded to engage the community with vermicomposting by hosting workshops with vermicomposting entrepreneurs as guest speakers.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

May 28th-30th, 2018
Arrived in New Delhi, India
May 30th-June 3rd, 2018
American Center and LIC Welcome Presentation
Travel and Welcome Ceremony: Baraut, Tavelagarhi and Daula
June 4th-10th, 2018
Community Engagement and Interviews
Individual Online Research
June 11th, 2018
Created sub-teams to start narrowing down project ideas
Net with community members to focus in on our project
Checked in with each other twice throughout class
Did a class meditation to center ourselves
June 12th, 2018
Men Community meeting
June 13th, 2018
Select product to prototype
Plan prototyping
Plan testing of prototype
Start prototype with stringer
Meeting with Krishan Pal ji to discuss regarding compost
Site visit and meeting with Satpal ji at his vermicompost site.
June 14th, 2018
Half Day
Planning for the women community meeting
Material List
June 15th, 2018
Off Day
June 16th, 2018
Eid Day
Solar Panel Installation
June 17th, 2018
Start prototyping& Test prototyping
Research cleaning plastics& Firms
Meet satpal ji (vermicompost)
June 18th, 2018
Meeting with Women Community
Call WildWestMedia
Umang Call Rajiv
Individual prototyping
June 19th, 2018
Prototype Plastic Products
Discuss compost product ideas
Compost for community engagement
June 20th, 2018
Udate on the extruder and finalize
Pick exhibition date
Discuss market and what to prototype
Wash plastic, cut and weave it.
LIC Professor Visit
June 21st, 2018
Yoga day
Research Plastic
June 22nd, 2018
Go to Tarrun's and request for mold and frame
Off Day
June 23rd, 2018
Frying and Molding platic: Tiles and Blocks
June 24th, 2018
Finalize Products for Market time
June 25th, 2018
Late Start
Market Time
June 26th, 2018
Market time debrief
Reasses Products
Improve Products
June 27th, 2018
Prepare V-compost
V-compost Advertisement
Split Teams
Prep for temple
June 28th, 2018
Worked on Calendar as the whole team
Late Meeting with NABARD
Half Day
June 29th, 2018
Off Day
June 30th, 2018
possibly shopping
prioritize products
Work on top priority product (vermicompost bag)
@ 11am work on the remaining daily goals up to fair
After lunch: research on plastic (melting methods & types) & determine next step
Ask a community member to make a compost bag
Find a woodworker and make a clipboard
Clean the supply corner
July 1st, 2018
Shopping for supplies @ Baraut: Srishti
Filter oil: Research how, what materials and buy materials
Create announcement for plastic collection
Check in with KP about bags for plastic collection
Prototype Grocery Bag
July 2nd, 2018
Paste together plastics
Vermicompost Workshop
Build and filter out the oil
Continue with grocery bag prototype
Design and Prototype molds
Umang Call Oil Refinery After Lunch
Finalize the Oil: Refinery or Filter?
July 3rd, 2018
Checking the glued cubed and tile
Glue tile to tile
Finalize: temperature, time, mold
Decide on what should be molded and Order it to a woodworker
Plastic bag collection
Choose a grocery bag
Go to the Temple to show the bags
Update KP about calendar and schedule
July 4th, 2018
Reassess and Discuss the progress of the molded plastic, grocery bags, pen and plastic bottle stringer
Design, finalize, and order the molds
Record announcement for collection drive
Plastic Bag Collection Update
Email Oil Refinery (Meenal)
Improve the design of the plastic stringer and update material list (table)
Find a weaver in community
July 5th, 2018
Product:Pens: Update material list, gluing and painting method
Finalize molded plastic, grocery bags, pen and plastic bottle stringer
Walk around the community and ask for plastic
Bring a box with us
Order the molds: triangle and trapezoid
Weaver: give the plastic string
July 6th to 8th, 2018
Off Days
July 9th, 2018
find and order a community member that can stitch the grocery
Quantity and price
Check on plastic collection and check if they are clean
Talk about improving plastic stringer
Break into two teams;
Work on pens (make wheat paste, roll pens, buy seeds, paint pens)
Order molds
July 10th, 2018
Glo is working on highlighted items on Monday
make fake money system for fair
Secure a system to assess possible entrepreneurs at fair
Marketing strategies & layout of fair (shifts?)
Build Stringer and write the instructions and/or troubleshoot
Look at computer literacy and marketing strategy
Send team member to engagement team for school activity prototyping
July 11th, 2018
Continue looking at computer literacy and marketing strategy (price)
Reassessing All the Products
Brainstorm & begin planning workshops
Fake money system
Assessment of future entrepreneurs
Continue working on pens
Create banners/stand for products (children)
July 12th, 2018
Mid program Debriefing in Delhi (Day trip)
July 13th, 2018
Collect Plastic from community
Pass out flyers
Advertise the fair
Continue research marketing strategy, looking at computer literacy and marketing strategy (check drive)
Continue assessment for future entrepreneurs
Continue working on pens
Check on Grocery bags (Hindi and Muslim Community) & Molds (Tarun, Doula)
Brainstorm & begin planning workshops
Fair announcement
July 14th, 2018
Inter-school assembly
Collect Plastic from community
Pass out flyers
Announce Fair
Oven and Fry Plastic (gelatin)
Fair announcement
Work on Fair logistics
Assessment of entrepreneurs
How the booths will run
Supplies needed for each booth
Plan workshops
Check drive for computer literacy document
Pick up grocery bags & molds this evening
July 15th, 2018
Collect Plastic from community
Pass out flyers (shopkeepers by the community boys)
Announce Fair (e-rickshaw and community leaders)
Oven and Fry Plastic (gelatin)
Plan workshops
Rest of the team look @ and add
Call people for the fair: Satpal, vendors (Uma)
Computer literacy (review and add comments)
Clean Plastic Collection
July 16th, 2018
Collect Plastic from community
Pass out flyers
Oven & fry plastic
finalize pens & pen workshop
assessment of entrepreneurs
plan workshops
July 17th, 2018
Day Off
July 18th, 2018
Collect Plastic from community
Pass out flyers
Work on Presentation for American Center
What are we showing them
Who is coming as far as community members?
Research marketing strategy for the workshops
Visit location
Create fair layout
Fair logistics
July 19th,2018
Plan the itinerary for the Workshops
Go through Checklist for the Fair
July 20th, 2018
American Center Visit
Revisit Criterias and Constraints
Showcase products
briefing on ed fair
Target market and strategy
call people to brief on fair
July 21st, 2018
Educational Fair
July 22nd, 2018
Assessment Fair
July 23rd, 2018
Education fair in Tavelagarhi (Daula team joins them)
July 24th, 2018
Debrief Tavelargarhi
Prep for plastic workshop
July 25th, 2018
Plastic workshop logistics
Test run of plastic workshop with everyone
Identify Key Community members
Evaluate and Document results
July 26th, 2018
Discuss last day to find social entrepreneurs
Going out into community to find social entrepreneurs
July 27th, 2018
Went to Tarun's place to melt and mold plastic
July 28th, 2018
Plastic Workshop
Identify Key Community members
Evaluate and Document results
July 29th, 2018
Powerpoint Presentation
July 30th, 2018
COMPUTER LITERACY - MS office (no internet): MS word @ 2:30 Gloria, Powerpoint @ 3:00 Uma,Excel @ 3:30 Lorenz
Powerpoint Presentation
July 31st, 2018
COMPUTER LITERACY - Google tools (cell phones & computer internet): Google tools @ 2:30 Anna
Website (part of google tools) @ 2:30 Tanvi
Plan and Design cement/plastic stool
August 1st, 2018
COMPUTER LITERACY - social media (cell phones & computer internet)
Social Media (Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram, Amazon) @ 2:30 Srishti/Jasmine:Apps/marketing @ 3:30 Umang
August 2nd, 2018
Day Off
August 3rd
Rally & fair preparation
Allow the community members to ask questions and troubleshoot products.
August 4th, 2018
PFK's Rally in afternoon
August 5th, 2018
PFK's Environmental Fair
August 6th, 2018
Clean up

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Describe your tangible findings.

Daula village is a very large village in terms of population as well as area. It has various culture, caste and religious dynamics. Solid waste management is one of the need which is not recognised by the community as important to be worked on a whole community. But our core team of Lady Irwin college students and Cal Poly Humboldt students with the support of the local NGO, GPVS is able to penetrate within the community and work on the issue with the people of the community itself. Now the team is moving towards the sustainability of the project, by finding the social entrepreneurs who can create the products of clipboard, plant pot or paper pen by not only making the use of the waste that is already present in their homes, but also by selling and earning from the product which they create, to boost their economy, therefore our core team of community members is now the lead and the team of HSU and LIC is playing the role of a facilitator. The project intends to end with a fair where community members will demonstrate their project to the community, with the children and the youth demonstrating the products which they have created using the waste in their home and taking the lead. In future Dr. Amod is interested in taking forward the project in the village.

Instructions[edit | edit source]

This is how to make, use and/or maintain it. The step by step how to template {{How to}} is most likely best for this part as shown below:

NOTE- the raw material used in all the products should we maximum waste

NOTE- how to clean products

  1. Pen

Things required- newspaper, glue, seed, pen refills, wool (to decorate)

Steps- cut a newspaper into a rectangular shape and place a pen refill in a diagonal manner on one corner on the newspaper and start to roll the newspaper around the pen refill so that the refill is in place and inside the paper, due to the diagonal manner of the refill the paper will wrap around the refill in a manner that is thicker at the end and conical at the tip (just like a cake icing tube) paste the end of the newspaper to the rolled paper only and cut the extra from the opposite tip side and place a seed at the top. your pen is ready, feel free to decorate is as you like. You can also paint it with soybean paint as it is biodegradable.

  1. Plastic pot

Things required -

  • Things required for frying- oven/ gas stove, cooking refined oil (Dalda Sunflower refined oil recommended), frying pan/ oven utensil, gloved/ oven mate, wooden spatula, thermometer
  • material for frying- plastic polybags
  • molds- different shape of pot molds (here we used square and triangle mold for making pot

dimensions of molds-


  1. Clipboard

Things required- same materials as required for plastic pot + clips for clipboard

Mold- clipboard shape mold

Dimensions of clipboard mold-


  1. Cloth/ grocery bag

Things required- cloth, thread, stitching machine, zipper or buttons

Dimensions could be any according to the needs of the person. also the shape could be the choice of the person using the bag.


  1. Plastic stringer machine

Things required- A wooden plank, drilling machine, shrews and bolts,blade, washers and a little bit of technique.

Steps- take a rectangular wooden plank(should not be very thick) on one end of the wooden plank drill two holes in the center of the plank about two inches away from each other. Once the holes are drilled put two screws (One in each hole) put three washers in both the screws, add the blade in between the washers and close them with the bolt. The stringer is ready but if there are any confusions it is always better to check the internet once.

Discussion[edit | edit source]

As a product team, we learned valuable lessons throughout this project.

Lessons learned[edit | edit source]

  1. Listen to the community & include everyone
  2. Hands on experience is an opportunity to learn
  3. Setting goals with timelines to complete
  4. Merging of ideas and prototypes can lead to something better
  5. We are our toughest critique
  6. Importance of research before and during the prototyping process
  7. Using each other's strengths and skill sets to accomplish a goal
  8. Importance of accountability when the team splits up to work on a project
  9. Team attitudes and feelings can influence the quality of work
  10. Importance of safety protocols when melting of plastic

Next steps[edit | edit source]

Next steps for the project as it goes on into the future are:

  1. Continue to inspire and be inspired by Daula village.
  2. Encourage and provide assistance to Plastic Free Knights.
  3. Continue to spread awareness about organic and inorganic wastes.
  4. Research more ways to recycle polyethylene bags within the limitations of resources in rural communities.
  5. Encourage the program fund providers to continue to offer this type of opportunity for future students.
  6. Resurvey Daula to determine improvements, challenges, and changes.

Team[edit | edit source]

Team members of this project are:

References[edit | edit source]

Make sure to include other relevant categories at the bottom, e.g.,, etc.

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