We continue to develop resources related to the COVID-19 pandemic. See COVID-19 initiatives on Appropedia for more information.

Collaborative COVID-19 initiatives

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This article is a backup of this collaborative pad, actively maintained by researchers from the Fab Lab Network and other Appropedians.


Some are non-verified sources


The goal here is to build an overview of the initiatives, their linkage and see how we could contribute to the fasten of the circulation, and the aggregagtion of ressources (with as far as possible their date of publication/creation).

General information[edit]

Project survey[edit]

Appropedia is looking for help by filling out using this survey to categorize maker projects around COVID-19. We plan to open the database and develop a semantic portal with the information.

Emerging platforms[edit]

World Health Organization[edit]

US Government Initiatives[edit]

Appropedia articles[edit]

Media initiatives[edit]

Other resources[edit]



NOTE : Fablabs or makerspaces may not be equipped to meet standards for healthcare devices. Please visit and contribute to this article: Validation of COVID-19 maker projects.

National governemental initiatives[edit]



DIY Emergency ventilator :

> see full publication on they profile : https://www.facebook.com/stony.didgeridoo?__tn__=%2CdC-R-R&eid=ARBlOriyOYbYnL6s_9UZ2O5nF4hqRSMLnU9MVaktZ90sS3U2_Q434tgI7zVte74npaPE2gjuTgkki68x&hc_ref=ARQf8sN-7EFcQ5iLanpqwj-IUZ-ceDlB3uGClYGKORkOjcqQxEf0tQZ79HuAR7oIo1w&fref=nf

Surgical face masks offer little personal protection, but seem effective at reducing community spread: https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20088690 https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19652172 https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22280120 Handwashing protects yourself- masks protect your community.

Research Papers[edit]

  • Massonnaud, Clément, et Jonathan Roux. s. d. « COVID-19: Forecasting Short Term Hospital Needs in France », 11. : https://www.ea-reperes.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/PredictedFrenchHospitNeeds-EHESP-20200316.pdf
  • Fauci, Anthony S., H. Clifford Lane, et Robert R. Redfield. 2020. « Covid-19 — Navigating the Uncharted ». New England Journal of Medicine 0 (0): null. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMe2002387.
  • Guan, Wei-jie, Zheng-yi Ni, Yu Hu, Wen-hua Liang, Chun-quan Ou, Jian-xing He, Lei Liu, et al. 2020. « Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China ». New England Journal of Medicine 0 (0): null. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2002032.
  • Holshue, Michelle L., Chas DeBolt, Scott Lindquist, Kathy H. Lofy, John Wiesman, Hollianne Bruce, Christopher Spitters, et al. 2020. « First Case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus in the United States ». New England Journal of Medicine 382 (10): 929‑36. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2001191.
  • Li, Qun, Xuhua Guan, Peng Wu, Xiaoye Wang, Lei Zhou, Yeqing Tong, Ruiqi Ren, et al. 2020. « Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia ». New England Journal of Medicine 0 (0): null. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2001316.


Articles about initiatives (press/Web, etc.)[edit]

  • 3D printed valves in Italy :

> Fast Company, 16-03-2020: https://www.fastcompany.com/90477552/ive-worked-from-home-for-almost-20-years-these-6-tips-make-it-awesome

  • Firm threaten to Sue the DIY manufacturer of valves :

> Techdirt, 17-03-2020 : https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20200317/04381644114/volunteers-3d-print-unobtainable-11000-valve-1-to-keep-covid-19-patients-alive-original-manufacturer-threatens-to-sue.shtml > The Verge, 17-03-2020 : https://www.theverge.com/2020/3/17/21184308/coronavirus-italy-medical-company-threatens-sue-3d-print-valves-treatments


Note : There are many doubts and questions about the standards to be met. A dilemma debated on the various channels of FabLabs and makers is as follows: to refrain from doing if it is not in the norms VS to do even if it is not optimal, it is better than nothing (but it must be indicated and leave it to the medical profession to choose whether they use it or not).

==> Note : MATERIALS for FFP3 are: Filter Layer, Inner Shell, DuraMesh®: Polypropylene, Ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) , Nose Seal, Clip: Polyethylene , Head Strap: Polyester, Lycra

Industrial initiatives[edit]

DIY initiatives[edit]

Some popular comments on the FB groups

  • I see a number of DIY mask options in this group, but none of them appear to have an exit-valve. They all just force you to breathe out through the filter. This will cause the filter to get moist and reduce its effectiveness and useful life, and also doubles the work you have to do to breathe.Might i suggest you follow the design of most commercial plastic facemasks and add 2 one-way valves to the design. Inbound through the filter, outbound to atmosphere.
  • The most important thing is that its washable and that you have a supply of new filters...Printing a shell is easy, making it fit your face not so much

Hydroalcolic gel[edit]


3D printing things[edit]

Below are a few of the COVID links that we talked about as well:

Collective action/networks[edit]

Our intention : Mapping the networks, subnetworks that link, overlap, are working alone

Mutual Aid[edit]

Local (National)[edit]

Global (international)[edit]

  • Support group for workers : Coronavirus Support Group for Workers

Production/ Fab / Research[edit]