Modified cap for turning two-liter bottle into sharps disposal container

From Appropedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
About this device
Keywords 3D printing, needle disposal, repurpose, recycle, plastic bottles
Uses medical, development, industry
Authors Cpwallen
Status prototype
Made? Yes
Replicated? Yes
Designed in United States
Cost USD $ 0.08
SDGs SDG03 Good health and well-being
SDG12 Responsible consumption and production
Instructions data
Manufacturing files
Documentation data
Language English
Manifest data
Language English
Updated 2020-06-04
Author Kathy Nativi
Author affiliation Appropedia
Author email

Modified cap for turning two-liter bottle into sharps disposal container[edit | edit source]

Project developed by [Chris Wallenfang]

Abstract[edit | edit source]

  1. Paragraph description of the OSAT - why is it Appropriate? What need does it fulfil? Are there case studies you have found of a technology being used successfully?
this project is appropriate because it uses post-consumer containers and an easily 3-D printable part to replace the need for manufacturing new sharps containers. 
This is a remixed cap designed to screw onto a two-liter coke bottle so that used hypodermic needles can be deposited into the container. The tapered funnel-like shape on the underside of the cap is to allow needles to more freely enter the container with reduced risk of coming back out. this lid was designed to screw on to ensure a tight fit so the lid doesn't come off [1] .  This also re-uses post-consumer plastic containers to reduce plastic waste. Due to the cheapness of this product, it can be used anywhere in the world.
  1. Picture of completed print using your printer

Bill of Materials[edit | edit source]

  1. Provide a full BOM -- Materials needed for fabrication of device and alternative materials if they are not available, prices/sources of non-printable parts
    1. Upload and link to all source files from open source CAD
    2. Upload and link to all STLs

  1. STL and OpenSCAD source can be found here

Tools needed for fabrication of the OSAT[edit | edit source]

  1. MOST Delta RepRap or similar RepRap 3-D printer
  2. OpenSCAD thread library click the link right under the "OpenSCAD modules" heading. I mainly used this to understand what the threading parameters were called in OpenSCAD.
  3. calipers to measure ID and OD of bottle top, thread pitch, height.
  4. razor blade to assist with removing print from bed

Skills and Knowledge Necessary to Make the OSAT[edit | edit source]

  • aquire a basic knowledge of threading terms and what they mean threading terminology the major diameter is the same as OD in the scad file, and minor diameter is the ID.

Technical Specifications and Assembly Instructions[edit | edit source]

  1. Provide directions for print/assembly - be detailed enough in your “how to” to ensure that someone could construct the device from your description. Consider the elegance of IKEA like instructions.
  2. Print time estimate: 48 min
  • STL file was sliced in Cura Lulzbot 3.2.27 (I added a deltabot printer as a new machine)
  • Model size was scaled up by 2% (use scale multiplier 102% in Cura) to account for possible shrinkage
  • Model included funnel shape underneath cap to minimize possibility of needles coming back out
  • Heated print bed was NOT used for printing this
  • I used a brim, however
  • Printing parameters:
1. Initial layer height: 0.4 mm
2. Layer height: 0.2 mm
3. Infill: 100%
4. Print temperature: 200°C
5. (filament) diameter: 1.75 mm
6. Print speed: 30mm/s
7. Brim width: 8mm
8. Brim line count: 5
  1. Assembly time estimate: 15 sec

Common Problems and Solutions[edit | edit source]

  • Include common mistakes/problems to avoid in building your OSAT and how to overcome them

Cost savings[edit | edit source]

  • If your solution is not a low cost one then it is not really appropriate.
  1. Estimate your costs
  • 4 grams of PLA filament ~ $0.08
  • two-liter coke bottle: anywhere from free to $1.25
  1. Cheapest commercial equivalent for sharps container $5.89
  2. Calculate $ savings and % savings

if bottle = free: savings = $5.81 = 98.6% savings if bottle = $1.25: savings = $4.56= 77.4% savings

Benefited Internet Communities[edit | edit source]

  • Name and add links to at least 5 using single brackets around [url name]
Field Ready [1]
Medic Mobile [2]
World Health Organization [3]
Amref Health Africa [4]
World Pediatric Project [5]

References[edit | edit source]