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Hydrogen station

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File:Hydrogen fueling nozzle.jpg
Hydrogen fueling nozzle

A hydrogen station is a storage or filling station for hydrogen, usually located along a road or hydrogen highway, or at home as part of the distributed generation resources concept.[1] The stations are usually intended to power vehicles, but can also be used to power small devices.[2] Vehicles use hydrogen as fuel in one of several ways, including fuel cells and mixed fuels like HCNG. The hydrogen fuel dispensers dispense the fuel by the kilogram.[3]

Hydrogen filling stations[edit]

File:Hydrogen station pump.jpg
Hydrogen station pump

In 2000, Ford and Air Products opened the first hydrogen station in North America in Dearborn, MI.[4]

Since the turn of the millennium, filling stations offering hydrogen have been opening worldwide. However, this does not begin to replace the existing extensive gasoline fuel station infrastructure, which would cost a half trillion U.S. dollars in the United States alone.[5]

The hydrogen fueling stations include the following:

Hydrogen home stations[edit]

File:Hydrogen.safety pic.jpg
Hydrogen fueling pump

Hydrogen home stations come in different types.

  • A more complete home station would combine the solar home system on the inlet with natural gas and a reformer [18] and from the storage tank to a fuel cell microchp system to produce heat and electricity for the house and the excess electricity to the grid to become part as a distributed generation resource.
  • Integrated systems that convert solar energy photoelectrochemically are more efficient than splitting water.[19]
  • January 2007 - Australia's CSIRO has developed a hydrogen homestation based on electricity from standard rooftop solar panels or a home wind turbine with an electrolyzer including compression and storage ready for use, the size of a filing cabinet, the expected market price would be $500 according to Sukhvinder Badwal. Extensive testing of the system will be going on for the next 2 years at RMIT University in Melbourne.[20][21]

Hydrogen highway[edit]

A hydrogen highway is a chain of hydrogen-equipped filling stations and other infrastructure along a road or highway. Italy and Germany are collaborating to build a hydrogen highway between Mantova (Italy) and Munich (Germany). Italy completed building a hydrogen filling station in Mantova on 21 September 2007 (see Zero Regio).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Personal hydrogen station
  2. Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies HydroFILL intended for the powering of small devices
  3. LA gas station gets hydrogen fuel pump
  4. Motavalli, Jim (2001). Breaking Gridlock: Moving Towards Transportation That Works. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. p. 145. ISBN 1-57805-039-1.
  5. Romm, Joseph (2004). The Hype about Hydrogen, Fact and Fiction in the Race to Save the Climate. New York: Island Press. ISBN 1-55963-703-X. Chapter 5
  6. Clean Energy Partnership (2010-03-05). "The Clean Energy Partnership is growing: with new hydrogen filling stations, new regions and a new international automobile partner in Toyota". Press release. http://www.cleanenergypartnership.de/uploads/tx_ceppressev2/CEP_Pressemitteilung_040310_final_EN.pdf. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  7. "Hydrogen-filling station opens ... in Iceland". USA Today. April 25, 2003. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/techinnovations/2003-04-25-hydro-station_x.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
  8. "Powertech Station". British Columbia's Hydrogen Highway Web site. http://www.hydrogenhighway.ca/code/navigate.asp?Id=229. Retrieved 2006-07-30.
  9. "Center for Automotive Research unveils first hydrogen refueling station in Ohio". Ohio State University College of Engineering. April 20, 2006. http://engineering.osu.edu/news/archive/2006/hydrogenfuelingstation.php. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
  10. "Missouri's First Hydrogen Fuel Station Welcomes Cars on Tour". Environment News Service. August 12, 2008. http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/aug2008/2008-08-12-091.asp. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
  11. Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant Design Report (Report INEEL / EXT-O3-00976 of the Idaho National Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy)
  12. "Hydrogen car project begins". BBC News. 2008-04-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/7351915.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  13. HyApproval - Handbook for the approval of hydrogen refuelling stations
  14. "Hydrogen Purification" (PDF). Home Power 67: 42. http://www.homepower.com/files/Hp67p42.pdf.
  15. "Diaphragm Compressors". Pressure Products Industries, Inc.. http://www.gotoppi.com/compressors/compressors.html. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
  16. See, for example, Lincoln Composites Tuffshell tanks, as recommended by Roy McAlister in the "Hydrogen Car and Multi Fuel Engine" DVD)
  17. "Solar Hydrogen Production by Electrolysis" (PDF). Home Power 39. Feb./March 1994. http://www.dangerouslaboratories.org/h2homesystem.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
  18. "Fuel cell". Honda. http://world.honda.com/FuelCell/HomeEnergyStation/HomeEnergyStation2004/. Retrieved 2006-08-04.
  19. John Gartner (December 7, 2004). Sunlight to Fuel Hydrogen Future. Wired magazine. http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,1282,65936,00.html?tw=wn_tophead_1. Retrieved 2006-06-30.
  20. CSIRO Solar homestation
  21. A Stand Alone 2 kW Class PEM Electrolyser Integrated with Solar PV System for Hydrogen Generation
  22. HydroFILL
  23. ITM Power Green-box
  24. Daniel Nocera working on hydrogen station
  25. Nico Hotz' hydrogen station
  26. YouTube - Solar hydrogen home Michael Strizki
  27. Stuart Island Energy Initiative
  28. NFCRC: Hydrogen Program - Hydrogenics Home Fueler

External links[edit]

es:Estación de hidrógeno it:Stazione di rifornimento di idrogeno ru:Водородная заправочная станция