A hydrogen station is a storage or filling station for hydrogen, usually located along a road or hydrogen highway, or at home as part of the distributed generation resources concept. The stations are usually intended to power vehicles, but can also be used to power small devices. Vehicles use hydrogen as fuel in one of several ways, including fuel cells and mixed fuels like HCNG. The hydrogen fuel dispensers dispense the fuel by the kilogram.
Hydrogen filling stations[edit | edit source]
Since the turn of the millennium, filling stations offering hydrogen have been opening worldwide. However, this does not begin to replace the existing extensive gasoline fuel station infrastructure, which would cost a half trillion U.S. dollars in the United States alone.
The hydrogen fueling stations include the following:
- In Germany as of March 2010 there is one hydrogen fuel station operating in Berlin, another under construction, and the Clean Energy Partnership plans additional stations.
- Iceland opened the first commercial hydrogen station in 2003 as part of the country's initiative to implement a hydrogen economy.
- Stations in California opened by the California Fuel Cell Partnership, and under Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's California Hydrogen Highway program.Template:Citation needed
- Japan has a number of hydrogen filling stations run by the Japan hydrogen fuel cell project to test various technologies of hydrogen generation.Template:Citation needed
- British Columbia, Canada, is building a seven node hydrogen refueling station network from Victoria to Whistler timed to coincide with the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. The node in Surrey was the first in the world to deliver hydrogen at 70 MPa, and is the longest operational node in the network, having been supplying hydrogen since March 2002.
- Proton Energy Systems and Northern Power, both wholly owned subsidiaries of Distributed Energy Systems (Nasdaq: DESC), were contracted by EVermont to build an advanced demonstration hydrogen fueling station in Burlington, VT. The project was partially funded through the U.S. Department of Energy’s Hydrogen Program.Template:Citation needed
- A hydrogen filling station opened in 2007 on the campus of The Ohio State University at the Center for Automotive Research. This station is the only one in Ohio.
- Missouri's only Hydrogen Filling Station is located at the Missouri University of Science and Technology campus.
- A prototype hydrogen fueling station was built in compliance with all of the prevailing safety, environmental and building codes in Phoenix to demonstrate that such fueling stations could be built in urban areas.
- Hynor, Norway's first hydrogen fueling station was opened in February 2007.Template:Citation needed
- The UK has opened its first hydrogen filling station at the University of Birmingham.
- June 2008 - The HyApproval project, FP6 N° 019813 developed a universal handbook to facilitate the approval process of Hydrogen Refuelling Stations (HRS) in Europe.
Hydrogen home stations[edit | edit source]
Hydrogen home stations come in different types.
- A solar powered water electrolysing hydrogen home station, is made of solar cells, power converter, water purifier, electrolyzer, piping, hydrogen purifier, oxygen purifier, compressor, pressure vessels and a hydrogen outlet.
- A more complete home station would combine the solar home system on the inlet with natural gas and a reformer  and from the storage tank to a fuel cell microchp system to produce heat and electricity for the house and the excess electricity to the grid to become part as a distributed generation resource.
- Integrated systems that convert solar energy photoelectrochemically are more efficient than splitting water.
- January 2007 - Australia's CSIRO has developed a hydrogen homestation based on electricity from standard rooftop solar panels or a home wind turbine with an electrolyzer including compression and storage ready for use, the size of a filing cabinet, the expected market price would be $500 according to Sukhvinder Badwal. Extensive testing of the system will be going on for the next 2 years at RMIT University in Melbourne.
- Honda's Home Energy Station IV is in testing phase.
- United Nuclear hydrogen station
- Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies HydroFILL is a hydrogen station intended to power small devices.
- The fuel cell charger is another hydrogen station to power mobile appliances
- ITM Power Green-box is a personal hydrogen station intended for the fueling of vehicles 
- Daniel Nocera is also working on a personal hydrogen station
- Nico Hotz is also working on a personal hydrogen station; bio methanol is used to improve the efficiency of the solar panels.
- The Hopewell Project an oversized pilot homestation by Michael Strizki.
- The Chewonki Renewable Hydrogen Project opened on August 28, 2006 in Wiscasset, Maine.
- The Stuart Island Energy Initiative.
- The homefueler and HyStat-A Energy Station 
Hydrogen highway[edit | edit source]
A hydrogen highway is a chain of hydrogen-equipped filling stations and other infrastructure along a road or highway. Italy and Germany are collaborating to build a hydrogen highway between Mantova (Italy) and Munich (Germany). Italy completed building a hydrogen filling station in Mantova on 21 September 2007 (see Zero Regio).
See also[edit | edit source]
- Cascade storage system
- HCNG dispenser
- Hydrogen vehicle
- Hydrogen production
- Hydrogen storage
- Hydrogen reformer
- Hydrogen piping
- Hydrogen leak testing
- Hydrogen sensor
- Autonomous building
- Virtual power plant
- Zero Regio
References[edit | edit source]
- Personal hydrogen station
- Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies HydroFILL intended for the powering of small devices
- LA gas station gets hydrogen fuel pump
- Motavalli, Jim (2001). Breaking Gridlock: Moving Towards Transportation That Works. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. p. 145. ISBN 1-57805-039-1.
- Romm, Joseph (2004). The Hype about Hydrogen, Fact and Fiction in the Race to Save the Climate. New York: Island Press. ISBN 1-55963-703-X. Chapter 5
- Clean Energy Partnership (2010-03-05). "The Clean Energy Partnership is growing: with new hydrogen filling stations, new regions and a new international automobile partner in Toyota". Press release. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- "Hydrogen-filling station opens ... in Iceland". USA Today. April 25, 2003. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- "Powertech Station". British Columbia's Hydrogen Highway Web site. Retrieved 2006-07-30.
- "Center for Automotive Research unveils first hydrogen refueling station in Ohio". Ohio State University College of Engineering. April 20, 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
- "Missouri's First Hydrogen Fuel Station Welcomes Cars on Tour". Environment News Service. August 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
- Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant Design Report (Report INEEL / EXT-O3-00976 of the Idaho National Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy)
- "Hydrogen car project begins". BBC News. 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- HyApproval - Handbook for the approval of hydrogen refuelling stations
- "Hydrogen Purification" (PDF). Home Power 67: 42.
- "Diaphragm Compressors". Pressure Products Industries, Inc.. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
- See, for example, Lincoln Composites Tuffshell tanks, as recommended by Roy McAlister in the "Hydrogen Car and Multi Fuel Engine" DVD)
- "Solar Hydrogen Production by Electrolysis" (PDF). Home Power 39. Feb./March 1994. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
- "Fuel cell". Honda. Retrieved 2006-08-04.
- John Gartner (December 7, 2004). Sunlight to Fuel Hydrogen Future. Wired magazine. Retrieved 2006-06-30.
- CSIRO Solar homestation
- A Stand Alone 2 kW Class PEM Electrolyser Integrated with Solar PV System for Hydrogen Generation
- ITM Power Green-box
- Daniel Nocera working on hydrogen station
- Nico Hotz' hydrogen station
- YouTube - Solar hydrogen home Michael Strizki
- Stuart Island Energy Initiative
- NFCRC: Hydrogen Program - Hydrogenics Home Fueler
[edit | edit source]
- H2stations.org Map of hydrogen refueling stations worldwide (GIS)
- Virtual hydrogen station IV
- ISO-TC 197
- Hydrogen Refueling Stations Mapped on Platial.
- Worldwide Hydrogen Fueling Stations (PDF) fuelcells.org
- Idaho National Laboratory