• 0:00 Glasgow Coma Scale Definition
  • 0:23 GCS Categories
  • 0:35 Eyes
  • 0:59 Verbal
  • 1:21 Motor
  • 1:56 Total GCS Score

If the patient is not alert, evaluate them on the Glasgow Coma Scale. The Glasgow Coma Scale is an assessment based on numeric scoring of a patient's responses based on the patient's best response to eye opening, verbal response, and motor response. The patient's score (3 to 15) is determined by adding his/her highest eye opening, verbal response, and motor response scores. A patient with a GCS of 3 is fully unresponsive while a patient with a GCS of 15 is fully conscious and not confused.

The three categories: eye opening, verbal response, and motor response each have different values associated with them. These values may be remembered easily; they are 4, 5, 6 in order (coincidentally, your eyes, mouth and fingers are in order as you travel inferiorly from the top of the head). The categories are: Eyes 4, Verbal 5, and Motor 6.

Eyes[edit | edit source]

4 - Eyes open spontaneously

3 - Eyes open to verbal stimulation

2 - Eyes open to painful stimulation

1 - No response

Verbal Response[edit | edit source]

5 - Correct verbal response

4 - Confused

3 - Inappropriate words

2 - Incomprehensible sounds

1- No response

Motor Response[edit | edit source]

6 - Fully voluntary movement, obeys commands

5 - Localizes painful stimuli (moves other limbs towards pain, attempting to move stimulus away)

4 - Withdraws from painful stimuli

3 - Abnormal flexion to painful stimuli (Decorticate posturing)

2 - Abnormal extension to painful stimuli (Decerebrate posturing)

1 - No response

Self Assessment[edit | edit source]

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Keywords medical, trauma
SDG SDG03 Good health and well-being
Authors Josh Hantke, Catherine Mohr
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 9 pages link here
Impact 456 page views
Created August 10, 2021 by Catherine Mohr
Modified October 23, 2023 by StandardWikitext bot
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