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Alm Retractor

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MOST Delta filament as guide.JPG This page was part of an MTU course MSE4777 OA and MSE4777 OB/MSE5777/EE4777/EE5777: Open-source 3-D printing

Please leave comments using the discussion tab. The course runs in the Fall semester. It is not open edit.


Alm Retractor[edit]

Project developed by Robert Arden
Status
This OSAT has been designed but not yet tested - use at own risk.
This OSAT has been prototyped.

You can help Appropedia by contributing to the next step in this OSAT's status.

Abstract[edit]

This technology is an OSAT appropriate technology as it will provide a medical tool for others to use that may not have this technology available to them. The parts of this tool are easily printed and the hardware is nowhere near excessive for someone who has a 3D printer. 3DPrint.com has an article about using 3D printed surgical tools in low income countries but only include the most simple retractor. As far as I can tell nobody has made a 3D printed Alm retractor before this.

Alm Retractor.jpg

Bill of Materials[edit]

STL Files[edit]

  1. 1x File:Retractor Bolt Handle.stl
  2. 2x File:Retractor Bolt Retainer.stl
  3. 1x File:Retractor Expander Mount.stl
  4. 1x File:Retractor Screw Mount.stl
  5. 2x File:Retractor Arm.stl <-- Need to mirror this part for one arm
  6. 2x File:Retractor Extending Arm.stl

SCAD Files[edit]

  1. File:Retractor Bolt Handle.scad
  2. File:Retractor Bolt Retainer.scad
  3. File:Retractor Expander Mount.scad
  4. File:Retractor Screw Mount.scad
  5. File:Retractor Arm.scad
  6. File:Retractor Extending Arm.scad

Additional Hardware[edit]

  1. 2x M3x0.5 10mm screw cost=$0.13
  2. 2x M3x0.5 12mm screw cost=$0.15
  3. 2x M3x0.5 16mm screw cost=$0.16
  4. 1x M8x1 50mm bolt cost=$0.39
  5. 1x M8x1 nut cost=$0.09

Tools needed for fabrication of the OSAT[edit]

  1. MOST Delta RepRap or similar RepRap 3-D printer
  2. 2.5mm Allen Wrench
  3. Pliers

Skills and Knowledge Necessary to Make the OSAT[edit]

  • Only standard 3D printing skills are needed for this project

Technical Specifications and Assembly Instructions[edit]

  1. Including drawings or pictures of the device at stage of assembly at minimum. (http://www.appropedia.org/Special:Upload)

Printing[edit]

Assembly[edit]

  • Approximate assembly time is 30 minutes
  • Place small extension arms into large retractor arms
    • Use M3x10mm screws to hold into place
  • Place other end of extension arms into the expander mount
    • Secure arms with the M3x12mm screws
  • Push bolt head into hex pocket on handle
  • Push hex nut into hex pocket on bolt mount
  • Insert bolt through hole in bolt mount and thread into nut until bolt is flush with nut face
    • Take one bolt retainer and hold it flush against the nut face
    • Rotate the bolt by hand until the bolt is through the retainer and about 15 mm of bolt is protruding
  • Attach the retractor arm assembly to the bolt mount
    • Use the two M3x16mm screws to secure the arms, make sure the bolt head sits in the pocket
  • Push expander mount onto bolt and thread last expander mount onto bolt
    • Tighten up the first bolt retainer so that the expander mount cannot twist but the bolt rotates freely
  • Verify range of motion is not inhibited
    • If range of motion is fine then retractor is ready to use

Cost savings[edit]