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Authors Vinay Gupta
OKH Manifest Download

Six ways to die (6WTD) is a simple model by Vinay Gupta which helps explain what needs to get done in a crisis. It explains some basic concepts about how infrastructure works in normal life and disaster. If you're interested in social resilience, crisis response and similar situations.

It is part of the Simple Critical Infrastructure Maps system. Please see that link for full details.

The six ways to die are:

Rough estimates of the threat in each area can be made, and systems or behaviors added to the situation to keep people safe. If people are not dying of one of these causes, they are not likely to be dying at any rate above baseline mortality.

The Simple Critical Infrastructure Maps system expands the Six Ways To Die model to address the minimum functional needs of Groups, Organizations and States as follows:

  • Individual Too Hot, Too Cold, Hunger, Thirst, Illness, Injury (solved by Shelter, Supply and Safety/Services)
  • Groups Communications, Transport, Workspace - Resource Control
  • Organizations Shared Map, Shared Plan, Shared Succession Model (to change leadership)
  • States Effective Organizations, List of People, Map of Territories, International Recognition, Legal Jurisdiction

This model forms the core of the [State in A Box (SIAB) http://guptaoption.com/8.state_in_a_box.php] approach to State Failure, which envisages pushing much State responsibility down to the municipal and urban levels, and some of the remaining complex function (currency, identity) up to the international level, leaving a simplified-but-stable State which is capable of continuity in complex contingencies. The system is aimed at fragile states.

Six Ways To Die briefing[edit | edit source]

A five minute clip of Vinay Gupta explaining "Six Ways To Die".


See also[edit | edit source]

  • 6WTD 2009

External links[edit | edit source]

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Keywords logistics, industrial ecology, energy efficiency, energy, emergency management, environmental philosophy, industry, sustainability, waste management
Authors Vinay Gupta, Chris Watkins
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Organizations Hexayurt
Language English (en)
Translations Polish
Related 1 subpages, 8 pages link here
Aliases 6WTD
Impact 2,358 page views
Created June 14, 2008 by Vinay Gupta
Modified June 10, 2024 by Kathy Nativi
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