Insulating walls may use light but effective insulating materials such as fiberglass batts, strawbale or foam, or heavier materials which have the benefit of good thermal mass, storing heat or coolness, e.g. stone, or earth construction, or insulating concrete forms.

ICF walls[edit | edit source]

Cross Section of a filled insulating concrete form. Image credited to: Monster Constructors

An Insulating Concrete Form is a lightweight, expanded polystyrene form that interlocks with other ICFs to create a cast for exterior concrete walls.[1] As the forms are installed they are connected with plastic ties, and rebar is placed across the empty spaced in the forms to reinforce the structure. Once the forms are all in place in the shape of the structure, the cavity is filled with concrete. The forms remain in place after the addition of concrete and the foam provides about four inches of thermal insulation for the 4-6 inch concrete walls of the building.[2]

Rammed earth[edit | edit source]

Rammed earth trombe wall built by the Design Build Bluff Organization

Rammed earth, also known as taipa[3] (Portuguese), tapial (Spanish), pisé de terre or simply pisé (French), is a technique used in the building of walls using the raw materials of earth, chalk, lime and gravel. It is an ancient building method that has seen a revival in recent years as people seek more sustainable building materials and natural building methods. Rammed earth walls are simple to construct, incombustible, thermally massive, very strong and hardwearing. Conversely they can be labour-intensive to construct without machinery (powered rammers), and if improperly protected or maintained they are susceptible to water damage. Traditionally, rammed earth buildings are found on every continent except Antarctica. From temperate and wet regions of north Europe [4] to semi dry deserts, mountain areas and the tropics. The availability of useful soil and building design for the local climatic conditions are the factors which favour its use.

Interwiki links[edit | edit source]

Page data
Type Stub
Keywords thermal insulation, energy efficiency, construction, construction and materials, materials
SDG Sustainable Development Goals SDG07 Affordable and clean energy
Authors Chris Watkins
Published 2009
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Impact Number of views to this page and its redirects. Updated once a month. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one. 299
Issues Automatically detected page issues. Click on them to find out more. They may take some minutes to disappear after you fix them. No main image, Too short (691 chars)
Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.