INTRODUCTION[edit | edit source]

Ecovillages and Intentional Communities often utilize tools, technologies, and practices to reduce total energy consumption and produce and deliver local energy using renewable energy sources, like biomass, hydroelectric or hydrokinetic, solar, and wind power. These energy sources are frequently rather small scale, serving individual buildings, neighborhoods, or rather small communities. Any size and scale is possible though, up to and including major utility-scale projects in scales all the way up to gigawatts.

[Include intro section discussions of each major clean-energy type?]

Electricity generation[edit | edit source]

Energy storage[edit | edit source]

  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Energy Analysis, Storage Futures Study [Web page, retrieved March 2024],
  • Y. Yang, G. Hu and C. J. Spanos, "Optimal Sharing and Fair Cost Allocation of Community Energy Storage," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 4185-4194, Sept. 2021, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2021.3083882.
  • Thermal energy storage <introduction and definition(s) here>

Energy distribution[edit | edit source]

Heat, fuels, and cooking[edit | edit source]

  • Solar thermal water heating
  • Heat pumps
    • Community earth-coupled heat pumps
    • Ground source heat pumps
    • Air source heat pumps
  • Local fuels
    • Anaerobic digestion
    • Biofuels.
      • Biogas.[1]
      • Bioliquids
      • Biosolids. Torrefied biomass. Pellet fuels.
  • High-efficiency solid fuel appliances.
    • Rocket stoves
    • Top-lit updraft (TLUD) stoves.
  • Cooking
    • Solar cooking
    • Links to world-research about best new cooking appliances

Human powered equipment[edit | edit source]

  • Human powered appliances. Human-power as secondary emergency backup power for solar-powered, battery-operated medical care devices.
  • Bicycle powered devices (mechanical and electrical).
    • ATC project for making bicycle generators from used microwave oven parts.
    • Links to bicycle power project groups.
  • Human powered tools

Low/zero energy appliances[edit | edit source]

  • Natural fridges / food cooling
  • Showers using rainwater harvesting

Timing of energy use[edit | edit source]

Off-grid appliances, tools, and equipment[2][3][edit | edit source]

Directory of tools and appliances that use solar-power to charge batteries

for operating small farming, gardening, and appilances. Listing does not imply endorsement, nor guarantee quality.

Global Off-Grid Lighting Association (GOGLA),

Member Product Showcase,
Sesame Solar pre-configured nanogrids

Governance / organisation / principles of energy systems[edit | edit source]

Low- and Net-Zero Emissions Building Practices[edit | edit source]

RESOURCES[edit | edit source]

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Authors Tom Stanton
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 1 pages link here
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Created December 13, 2023 by Tom Stanton
Modified April 4, 2024 by StandardWikitext bot
  1. Case study from Hammarby Sjostad in Sweden. Biogas from their wastewater treatment plant is piped back to the community for the gas-stoves used in households. There may well be better case studies by now.
  2. Efficiency for Access Coalition, 2023, Building Resilience in Low-Income Communities: The Role of Off-Grid Appliances. Available at:
  3., Top Findings from Why Off-Grid Energy Matters 2024 [Electronic article, March 2024]:
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