Orang-Utan In Bukit Lawang, Nord Sumatra. January 2006. Attribution: Tbachner

Biodiversity is the degree to which species vary throughout the environment. It is used as a measure of an ecosystem's health. Biologists and ecologists who study biodiversity typically look for the number of species and the way in which species differ. They also study the distribution of biodiversity across the globe and trends that may be contributing to decreased biodiversity.

The period since the emergence of humans has displayed an ongoing biodiversity reduction and an accompanying loss of genetic diversity. Named the Holocene extinction, the reduction is caused primarily by human impacts, particularly habitat destruction. Conversely, biodiversity impacts human health in a number of ways, both positively and negatively. W

Community action projects[edit | edit source]

Wildlife garden[edit | edit source]

A wildlife garden (or wild garden) is an environment created by a gardener that serves as a sustainable haven for surrounding wildlife. Wildlife gardens contain a variety of habitats that cater to native and local plants, birds, amphibians, reptiles, insects, mammals and so on. Establishing a garden that emulates the environment before the residence was built and/or renders the garden similar to intact wild areas nearby (rewilding) will allow natural systems to interact and establish an equilibrium, ultimately minimizing the need for gardener maintenance and intervention. Wildlife gardens can also play an essential role in biological pest control, and also promote biodiversity, native plantings, and generally benefit the wider environment.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Citizens data initiative[edit | edit source]

  • More than 1,200 species of bats comprise nearly a quarter of all mammals, and their ecological services are essential to human economies and the health of whole ecosystems worldwide. Source: unep.org, 21 January 2011
  • In Asia, more than 70 percent of primates are classified on the IUCN Red List as Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered – meaning they could disappear forever in the near future. Source: IUCN, August 2008
  • The great apes are the closest living relatives to man, bonobos sharing 98.4 per cent of our DNA, gorillas 97.7 per cent and orang-utans 96.4 per cent. Source: Defra

Inspiration[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Quotes[edit | edit source]

"We are not defending nature, we are nature defending itself" Resistencia Indigena [1]

"I believe in God, only I spell it Nature." Frank Lloyd Wright

"If you hurt nature you are hurting yourself" ~ J Krishnamurti

Video[edit | edit source]

Nature needs half[edit | edit source]

What Is Nature Needs Half ?
Author: First Light Films, Apr 17, 2017

At the 9th World Wilderness Congress in Mérida, Mexico, WILD, with the collaboration of a spectrum of international organizations, governments and individuals, introduced Nature Needs Half, which aspires that humans give up use of half of land and water on Earth, in order to support wilderness. Nature Needs Half is an idea put forth by the WILD Foundation. Marine biologist Sylvia Earle and Jane Goodall have endorsed Nature Needs Half, with Earle's only criticism being that she "hoped that half would be enough". Since its inception, WILD has begun collecting and conducting case studies of places around the world that have, or are on track to achieve, at least half protection.

Biodiversity in agriculture[edit | edit source]

Increasing biodiversity in agriculture may increase the sustainability of the farm.

The biodiversity of farms is an aspect of agroecology.

Cities and biodiversity[edit | edit source]

Cities and Biodiversity Outlook

News and comment[edit | edit source]

See separate article: Biodiversity news

Events[edit | edit source]

Feb 2 World Wetlands Day, 2021: Tue

Mar 3 World Wildlife Day, 2021: Wed

Mar 20 - 30 Pesticide Action Week 2020: Fri - Mon

May 22 International Day for Biological Diversity, 2021, Sat

2021-2030, UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration

Campaigns[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]


External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wild Open
  2. International Animal Rescue W