The use of appropriate technology has many potential benefits to health and welfare in Indonesia where it is known as Teknologi Tepat Guna ("Exact Use Technology").
- Lack of strong and reliable institutions means that basic services may be best supplied by local, appropriate technology rather than relying on large infrastructure projects.
- Water conservation is important even when there is high rainfall, as high use of water makes wastewater treatment more difficult, and causes a larger body of water to become polluted.
- Public education, particularly in public health, hygiene. Germ theory not a part of popular consciousness - bacteria and viruses are often not seen as the likely cause of a disease.