The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass of a required to raise the temperature to raise the temperature of the mass by one degree Celsius. For example the specific heat (usually water) is One calorie/gram or °C= 4.186 calories/gram °C or 4.186 joules/gram K, water has a very high specific heat compared to most common substances. The specific heat of copper is only 0.093 calories/gram °C.

Substance J/grm K Btu/lbs °F
Aluminum 0.9 0.215
Bismuth 0.123 0.0294
Copper 0.386 0.0923
Brass 0.38 0.092
Gold 0.126 0.0301
Lead 0.128 0.0305
Silver 0.233 0.0558
Tungsten 0.134 0.0321
Zinc 0.387 0.0925
Mercury 0.14 0.033
Alcohol 2.4 0.58
Water 4.186 1
Ice (-10 °C) 2.05 0.49
Granite 0.79 0.19
Glass 0.84 0.2


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Authors Nicholas Colbrunn
Published 2007
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